Paradoxical Knowing: A Shortcut to Knowledge and Its Antisocial Correlates

Anton Gollwitzer, Gabriele Oettingen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To avoid uncertainty, people may take a shortcut to knowledge. They recognize something as unknowable, but claim to know it nonetheless (e.g., whether I will find true love is unknowable, but I know I will). In Study-set 1, such paradoxical knowledge was common and spanned across valence and content. Study-set 2 revealed an antecedent of paradoxical knowing. High (vs. low) goal-incentives incited paradoxical knowledge - participants felt certain about attaining important future life goals despite acknowledging such goal attainment as unknowable. As a shortcut to knowledge, however, paradoxical knowing may have its costs. In Study-set 3, paradoxical knowing related to aggression (fight), determined ignorance (flight), and a willingness to join and adhere to extreme groups (befriend).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSocial Psychology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

goal attainment
common knowledge
aggression
flight
love
incentive
uncertainty
costs
Love
Group
Aggression
Uncertainty
Motivation
Costs and Cost Analysis
Costs
Ignorance
Willingness
Incentives
Valence
Flight

Keywords

  • antisocial
  • doubt
  • goal attainment
  • paradoxical knowing
  • shortcut to knowledge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Paradoxical Knowing : A Shortcut to Knowledge and Its Antisocial Correlates. / Gollwitzer, Anton; Oettingen, Gabriele.

In: Social Psychology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fed855ba907d4b6d8086602e4ee7573a,
title = "Paradoxical Knowing: A Shortcut to Knowledge and Its Antisocial Correlates",
abstract = "To avoid uncertainty, people may take a shortcut to knowledge. They recognize something as unknowable, but claim to know it nonetheless (e.g., whether I will find true love is unknowable, but I know I will). In Study-set 1, such paradoxical knowledge was common and spanned across valence and content. Study-set 2 revealed an antecedent of paradoxical knowing. High (vs. low) goal-incentives incited paradoxical knowledge - participants felt certain about attaining important future life goals despite acknowledging such goal attainment as unknowable. As a shortcut to knowledge, however, paradoxical knowing may have its costs. In Study-set 3, paradoxical knowing related to aggression (fight), determined ignorance (flight), and a willingness to join and adhere to extreme groups (befriend).",
keywords = "antisocial, doubt, goal attainment, paradoxical knowing, shortcut to knowledge",
author = "Anton Gollwitzer and Gabriele Oettingen",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1027/1864-9335/a000368",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Social Psychology",
issn = "1864-9335",
publisher = "Verlag Hans Huber",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Paradoxical Knowing

T2 - A Shortcut to Knowledge and Its Antisocial Correlates

AU - Gollwitzer, Anton

AU - Oettingen, Gabriele

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - To avoid uncertainty, people may take a shortcut to knowledge. They recognize something as unknowable, but claim to know it nonetheless (e.g., whether I will find true love is unknowable, but I know I will). In Study-set 1, such paradoxical knowledge was common and spanned across valence and content. Study-set 2 revealed an antecedent of paradoxical knowing. High (vs. low) goal-incentives incited paradoxical knowledge - participants felt certain about attaining important future life goals despite acknowledging such goal attainment as unknowable. As a shortcut to knowledge, however, paradoxical knowing may have its costs. In Study-set 3, paradoxical knowing related to aggression (fight), determined ignorance (flight), and a willingness to join and adhere to extreme groups (befriend).

AB - To avoid uncertainty, people may take a shortcut to knowledge. They recognize something as unknowable, but claim to know it nonetheless (e.g., whether I will find true love is unknowable, but I know I will). In Study-set 1, such paradoxical knowledge was common and spanned across valence and content. Study-set 2 revealed an antecedent of paradoxical knowing. High (vs. low) goal-incentives incited paradoxical knowledge - participants felt certain about attaining important future life goals despite acknowledging such goal attainment as unknowable. As a shortcut to knowledge, however, paradoxical knowing may have its costs. In Study-set 3, paradoxical knowing related to aggression (fight), determined ignorance (flight), and a willingness to join and adhere to extreme groups (befriend).

KW - antisocial

KW - doubt

KW - goal attainment

KW - paradoxical knowing

KW - shortcut to knowledge

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064499550&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064499550&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1027/1864-9335/a000368

DO - 10.1027/1864-9335/a000368

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85064499550

JO - Social Psychology

JF - Social Psychology

SN - 1864-9335

ER -