Over-the-counter sales of out-of-state and counterfeit tax stamp cigarettes in New York City

Diana Silver, Margaret M. Giorgio, Jin Yung Bae, Geronimo Jimenez, James Macinko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background New York City (NYC) has strict minimum cigarette price and tax stamp laws, but evidence regarding the extent of evasion of such laws in over-the-counter sales is scarce. Methods 830 packs were purchased at licensed tobacco retailers at 92 randomly selected neighbourhoods in NYC in spring and fall 2014, following the establishment of NYC's minimum price law. The Χ<sup>2</sup> analyses of illegal tax stamps on pack, by retailer type and data collection period, are presented. Results Over 15% of packs purchased had out-of-state (4.5%) or counterfeit tax stamps (10.6%). Purchases resulted in at least one illegal pack obtained in 70% of neighbourhoods, largely from independent stores. In 21.5% of sampled neighbourhoods, it was possible to purchase an illegal pack each collection period. Conclusions Enhanced enforcement of retail sales of cigarettes is needed to ensure the full benefit of existing tobacco control laws in NYC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTobacco Control
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Aug 27 2015

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Taxes
taxes
Tobacco Products
sales
nicotine
purchase
Law
Tobacco
tax law
evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Over-the-counter sales of out-of-state and counterfeit tax stamp cigarettes in New York City. / Silver, Diana; Giorgio, Margaret M.; Bae, Jin Yung; Jimenez, Geronimo; Macinko, James.

In: Tobacco Control, 27.08.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Silver, Diana ; Giorgio, Margaret M. ; Bae, Jin Yung ; Jimenez, Geronimo ; Macinko, James. / Over-the-counter sales of out-of-state and counterfeit tax stamp cigarettes in New York City. In: Tobacco Control. 2015.
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abstract = "Background New York City (NYC) has strict minimum cigarette price and tax stamp laws, but evidence regarding the extent of evasion of such laws in over-the-counter sales is scarce. Methods 830 packs were purchased at licensed tobacco retailers at 92 randomly selected neighbourhoods in NYC in spring and fall 2014, following the establishment of NYC's minimum price law. The Χ2 analyses of illegal tax stamps on pack, by retailer type and data collection period, are presented. Results Over 15{\%} of packs purchased had out-of-state (4.5{\%}) or counterfeit tax stamps (10.6{\%}). Purchases resulted in at least one illegal pack obtained in 70{\%} of neighbourhoods, largely from independent stores. In 21.5{\%} of sampled neighbourhoods, it was possible to purchase an illegal pack each collection period. Conclusions Enhanced enforcement of retail sales of cigarettes is needed to ensure the full benefit of existing tobacco control laws in NYC.",
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