Outcomes among buprenorphine-naloxone primary care patients after Hurricane Sandy.

Babak Tofighi, Ellie Grossman, Arthur R. Williams, Rana Biary, John Rotrosen, Joshua Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The extent of damage in New York City following Hurricane Sandy in October 2012 was unprecedented. Bellevue Hospital Center (BHC), a tertiary public hospital, was evacuated and temporarily closed as a result of hurricane-related damages. BHC's large primary care office-based buprenorphine clinic was relocated to an affiliate public hospital for three weeks. The extent of environmental damage and ensuing service disruption effects on rates of illicit drug, tobacco, and alcohol misuse, buprenorphine medication supply disruptions, or direct resource losses among office-based buprenorphine patients is to date unknown. A quantitative and qualitative semi-structured survey was administered to patients in BHC's primary care buprenorphine program starting one month after the hurricane. Survey domains included: housing and employment disruptions; social and economic support; treatment outcomes (buprenorphine adherence and ability to get care), and tobacco, alcohol, and drug use. Open-ended questions probed general patient experiences related to the storm, coping strategies, and associated disruptions. There were 132 patients enrolled in the clinic at the time of the storm; of those, 91 patients were recruited to the survey, and 89 completed (98% of those invited). Illicit opioid misuse was rare, with 7 respondents reporting increased heroin or illicit prescription opioid use following Sandy. Roughly half of respondents reported disruption of their buprenorphine-naloxone medication supply post-event, and self-lowering of daily doses to prolong supply was common. Additional buprenorphine was obtained through unscheduled telephone or written refills from relocated Bellevue providers, informally from friends and family, and, more rarely, from drug dealers. The findings highlight the relative adaptability of public sector office-based buprenorphine treatment during and after a significant natural disaster. Only minimal increases in self-reported substance use were reported despite many disruptions to regular buprenorphine supplies and previous daily doses. Informal supplies of substitute buprenorphine from family and friends was common. Remote telephone refill support and a temporary back-up location that provided written prescription refills and medication dispensing for uninsured patients enabled some patients to maintain an adequate medication supply. Such adaptive strategies to ensure medication maintenance continuity pre/post natural disasters likely minimize poor treatment outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3
Number of pages1
JournalAddiction science & clinical practice
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Cyclonic Storms
Buprenorphine
Primary Health Care
Public Hospitals
Disasters
Telephone
Opioid Analgesics
Tobacco
Prescriptions
Alcohols
Naloxone Drug Combination Buprenorphine
Aptitude
Public Sector
Heroin
Street Drugs
Tertiary Care Centers
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Maintenance
Economics
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Outcomes among buprenorphine-naloxone primary care patients after Hurricane Sandy. / Tofighi, Babak; Grossman, Ellie; Williams, Arthur R.; Biary, Rana; Rotrosen, John; Lee, Joshua.

In: Addiction science & clinical practice, Vol. 9, 2014, p. 3.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tofighi, Babak ; Grossman, Ellie ; Williams, Arthur R. ; Biary, Rana ; Rotrosen, John ; Lee, Joshua. / Outcomes among buprenorphine-naloxone primary care patients after Hurricane Sandy. In: Addiction science & clinical practice. 2014 ; Vol. 9. pp. 3.
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