Osteointegrative and microgeometric comparison between micro-blasted and alumina blasting/acid etching on grade II and V titanium alloys (Ti-6Al-4V)

Rodrigo Granato, Estevam A. Bonfante, Arthur Castellano, Rehan Khan, Ryo Jimbo, Charles Marin, Sara Morsi, Lukasz Witek, Paulo G. Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study evaluated the effect of alumina-blasted/acid-etched (AB/AE) or microabrasive blasting (C3-Microblasted) surface treatment on the osseointegration of commercially-pure Ti (grade II) and Ti-6Al-4V alloy (grade V) implants compared to as-machined surfaces. Surface characterization was performed by scanning electron microscopy and optical interferometry (IFM) to determine roughness parameters (Sa and Sq, n = 3 per group). One-hundred forty-four implants were placed in the radii of 12 beagle dogs, for histological (n = 72, bone-to-implant contact – BIC and bone-area-fraction occupancy -BAFO) and torque to interface failure test at 3 and 6 weeks (n = 72). SEM and IFM revealed a significant increase in surface texture for AB/AE and C3-Microblasted surfaces compared to machined surface, regardless of titanium substrate. Torque-to-interface failure test showed significant increase in values from as-machined to AB/AE and to C3-Microblasted. Considering time in vivo, alloy grade, and surface treatment, the C3-microblasted presented higher mean BIC values relative to AB/AE and machined surfaces for both alloy types. BAFO levels were significantly higher for both textured surfaces groups relative to the machined group at 3 weeks, but differences were not significant between the three surfaces for each alloy type at 6 weeks. Surface treatment resulted in roughness that improved osseointegration in Grade II and V titanium substrates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-295
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
StatePublished - Sep 2019



  • Commercially pure titanium
  • Dental implant
  • Osseointegration
  • Surface treatment
  • Titanium alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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