Osmium isotopic evidence against an impact at the Frasnian-Famennian boundary

G. W. Gordon, Matthew Rockman, K. K. Turekian, J. Over

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two sections across the Frasnian-Famennian boundary were analyzed for Re and Os concentrations and 187Os/ 188Os ratios to evaluate evidence for a meteoritic input coincident with this boundary and its associated mass extinction. These sections are from a siltstone and shale sequence at Irish Gulf in New York, US and a calcareous shale and ferromanganese oxide sequence at La Serre in France. The Irish Gulf section, with an initial 187Os/ 188Os of about 0.49, does not show the characteristic meteoritic Os imprint with an 187Os/ 188Os of about 0.13. The integrity of the section with regard to Re and Os retention is indicated by the construction of an isochron with an age of 388 ±41 Ma, consistent with independently determined ages for the Frasnian-Famennian boundary. Although the La Serre section, with Os concentrations as high as 33 ppb and Re concentrations ranging from 1.4 to 7.4 ppb, might be expected to show excellent evidence for a meteoritic contribution, the highly radiogenic isotopic composition ( 187Os/ 188Os 2.42-3.61) instead suggests recent massive Re loss or addition of radiogenic Os. These possibilities prevent the reconstruction of an initial 187Os/ l88Os value for the boundary for this site. Assuming reasonable Re concentrations prior to loss, the Os isotopic composition is inconsistent with a large meteoritic component. This inconsistency emphasizes that platinum group element (PGE) concentrations are not reliable indicators of extraterrestrial addition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-430
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Science
Volume309
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

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Frasnian-Famennian boundary
osmium
shale
isotopic composition
mass extinction
platinum group element
siltstone
oxide
loss
gulf
indicator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Osmium isotopic evidence against an impact at the Frasnian-Famennian boundary. / Gordon, G. W.; Rockman, Matthew; Turekian, K. K.; Over, J.

In: American Journal of Science, Vol. 309, No. 5, 05.2009, p. 420-430.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gordon, G. W. ; Rockman, Matthew ; Turekian, K. K. ; Over, J. / Osmium isotopic evidence against an impact at the Frasnian-Famennian boundary. In: American Journal of Science. 2009 ; Vol. 309, No. 5. pp. 420-430.
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