Oral contraceptive use may not preclude condom use

A study of non-pregnant African-American adolescent females

Richard A. Crosby, Ralph DiClemente, Gina M. Wingood, Laura F. Salazar, Eve Rose, Jessica M. Sales, Angela M. Caliendo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association between oral contraceptive and condom use, and laboratory-confirmed sexually transmitted infection (STI) among African-American adolescent females at a high risk of STI acquisition. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 715 African-American adolescent females (15-21 years old) was conducted. Data collection included (a) an audio-computer-assisted self-interview and a self-collected vaginal swab for nucleic acid amplification testing of Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Results: The age-adjusted odds ratio (AOR) indicated a modest protective effect of oral contraceptive use against unprotected vaginal sex (UVS) using a 60-day recall period (AOR = 0.66; 95% CI 0.43 to 0.99). The age-adjusted difference in mean frequency of UVS in the past 60 days was non-significant (p = 0.23) as was condom use at last sex (p = 0.34). The age-AOR relative to STI prevalence also showed a protective effect (AOR = 0.60; 95% CI 0.36 to 0.98) for those using oral contraceptives. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the use of oral contraceptives may not preclude safer sex practices for the prevention of STIs among high-risk African-American adolescent females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-218
Number of pages3
JournalSexually Transmitted Infections
Volume83
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

Fingerprint

Condoms
Oral Contraceptives
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
African Americans
Odds Ratio
Unsafe Sex
Safe Sex
Trichomonas vaginalis
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Chlamydia trachomatis
Nucleic Acids
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Immunology

Cite this

Oral contraceptive use may not preclude condom use : A study of non-pregnant African-American adolescent females. / Crosby, Richard A.; DiClemente, Ralph; Wingood, Gina M.; Salazar, Laura F.; Rose, Eve; Sales, Jessica M.; Caliendo, Angela M.

In: Sexually Transmitted Infections, Vol. 83, No. 3, 01.06.2007, p. 216-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crosby, Richard A. ; DiClemente, Ralph ; Wingood, Gina M. ; Salazar, Laura F. ; Rose, Eve ; Sales, Jessica M. ; Caliendo, Angela M. / Oral contraceptive use may not preclude condom use : A study of non-pregnant African-American adolescent females. In: Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2007 ; Vol. 83, No. 3. pp. 216-218.
@article{b905924efc424826ada4765dcfa0c2a3,
title = "Oral contraceptive use may not preclude condom use: A study of non-pregnant African-American adolescent females",
abstract = "Objective: To determine the association between oral contraceptive and condom use, and laboratory-confirmed sexually transmitted infection (STI) among African-American adolescent females at a high risk of STI acquisition. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 715 African-American adolescent females (15-21 years old) was conducted. Data collection included (a) an audio-computer-assisted self-interview and a self-collected vaginal swab for nucleic acid amplification testing of Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Results: The age-adjusted odds ratio (AOR) indicated a modest protective effect of oral contraceptive use against unprotected vaginal sex (UVS) using a 60-day recall period (AOR = 0.66; 95{\%} CI 0.43 to 0.99). The age-adjusted difference in mean frequency of UVS in the past 60 days was non-significant (p = 0.23) as was condom use at last sex (p = 0.34). The age-AOR relative to STI prevalence also showed a protective effect (AOR = 0.60; 95{\%} CI 0.36 to 0.98) for those using oral contraceptives. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the use of oral contraceptives may not preclude safer sex practices for the prevention of STIs among high-risk African-American adolescent females.",
author = "Crosby, {Richard A.} and Ralph DiClemente and Wingood, {Gina M.} and Salazar, {Laura F.} and Eve Rose and Sales, {Jessica M.} and Caliendo, {Angela M.}",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1136/sti.2006.022442",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "83",
pages = "216--218",
journal = "Sexually Transmitted Infections",
issn = "1368-4973",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Oral contraceptive use may not preclude condom use

T2 - A study of non-pregnant African-American adolescent females

AU - Crosby, Richard A.

AU - DiClemente, Ralph

AU - Wingood, Gina M.

AU - Salazar, Laura F.

AU - Rose, Eve

AU - Sales, Jessica M.

AU - Caliendo, Angela M.

PY - 2007/6/1

Y1 - 2007/6/1

N2 - Objective: To determine the association between oral contraceptive and condom use, and laboratory-confirmed sexually transmitted infection (STI) among African-American adolescent females at a high risk of STI acquisition. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 715 African-American adolescent females (15-21 years old) was conducted. Data collection included (a) an audio-computer-assisted self-interview and a self-collected vaginal swab for nucleic acid amplification testing of Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Results: The age-adjusted odds ratio (AOR) indicated a modest protective effect of oral contraceptive use against unprotected vaginal sex (UVS) using a 60-day recall period (AOR = 0.66; 95% CI 0.43 to 0.99). The age-adjusted difference in mean frequency of UVS in the past 60 days was non-significant (p = 0.23) as was condom use at last sex (p = 0.34). The age-AOR relative to STI prevalence also showed a protective effect (AOR = 0.60; 95% CI 0.36 to 0.98) for those using oral contraceptives. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the use of oral contraceptives may not preclude safer sex practices for the prevention of STIs among high-risk African-American adolescent females.

AB - Objective: To determine the association between oral contraceptive and condom use, and laboratory-confirmed sexually transmitted infection (STI) among African-American adolescent females at a high risk of STI acquisition. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 715 African-American adolescent females (15-21 years old) was conducted. Data collection included (a) an audio-computer-assisted self-interview and a self-collected vaginal swab for nucleic acid amplification testing of Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Results: The age-adjusted odds ratio (AOR) indicated a modest protective effect of oral contraceptive use against unprotected vaginal sex (UVS) using a 60-day recall period (AOR = 0.66; 95% CI 0.43 to 0.99). The age-adjusted difference in mean frequency of UVS in the past 60 days was non-significant (p = 0.23) as was condom use at last sex (p = 0.34). The age-AOR relative to STI prevalence also showed a protective effect (AOR = 0.60; 95% CI 0.36 to 0.98) for those using oral contraceptives. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the use of oral contraceptives may not preclude safer sex practices for the prevention of STIs among high-risk African-American adolescent females.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34347209986&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34347209986&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/sti.2006.022442

DO - 10.1136/sti.2006.022442

M3 - Article

VL - 83

SP - 216

EP - 218

JO - Sexually Transmitted Infections

JF - Sexually Transmitted Infections

SN - 1368-4973

IS - 3

ER -