Optimizing analog-to-digital converters for sampling extracellular potentials

N. Sertac Artan, Xiaoxiang Xu, Wei Shi, H. Jonathan Chao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In neural implants, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) provides the delicate interface between the analog signals generated by neurological processes and the digital signal processor that is tasked to interpret these signals for instance for epileptic seizure detection or limb control. In this paper, we propose a low-power ADC architecture for neural implants that process extracellular potentials. The proposed architecture uses the spike detector that is readily available on most of these implants in a closed-loop with an ADC. The spike detector determines whether the current input signal is part of a spike or it is part of noise to adaptively determine the instantaneous sampling rate of the ADC. The proposed architecture can reduce the power consumption of a traditional ADC by 62% when sampling extracellular potentials without any significant impact on spike detection accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2012
Pages1663-1666
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Event34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2012 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 28 2012Sep 1 2012

Other

Other34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2012
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/28/129/1/12

Fingerprint

Digital to analog conversion
Noise
Epilepsy
Extremities
Sampling
Detectors
Digital signal processors
Electric power utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Artan, N. S., Xu, X., Shi, W., & Chao, H. J. (2012). Optimizing analog-to-digital converters for sampling extracellular potentials. In 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2012 (pp. 1663-1666). [6346266] https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346266

Optimizing analog-to-digital converters for sampling extracellular potentials. / Artan, N. Sertac; Xu, Xiaoxiang; Shi, Wei; Chao, H. Jonathan.

2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2012. 2012. p. 1663-1666 6346266.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Artan, NS, Xu, X, Shi, W & Chao, HJ 2012, Optimizing analog-to-digital converters for sampling extracellular potentials. in 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2012., 6346266, pp. 1663-1666, 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS 2012, San Diego, CA, United States, 8/28/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346266
Artan NS, Xu X, Shi W, Chao HJ. Optimizing analog-to-digital converters for sampling extracellular potentials. In 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2012. 2012. p. 1663-1666. 6346266 https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346266
Artan, N. Sertac ; Xu, Xiaoxiang ; Shi, Wei ; Chao, H. Jonathan. / Optimizing analog-to-digital converters for sampling extracellular potentials. 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2012. 2012. pp. 1663-1666
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