Optimization of positive pressure ventilation tactic for wind driven high rise fires

Prabodh Panindre, Sunil Kumar, Atulya Narendranath, Vinay Kanive Manjunath, Venkata Pushkar Chintaluri, Vishal Prajapati

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Positive Pressure Ventilation (PPV) is a firefighting tactic that can mitigate the spread of fire and the combustion products to improve the safety of firefighters and civilians in wind-driven high-rise fires than without PPV. The performance of a PPV tactic in wind-driven high-rise fires depends on various parameters that include wind speed, control of stairwell doors, number of fans, fan positions and placements, fire location etc. This paper describes the influence of these parameters on the efficacy of PPV operation that was studied by simulating wind-driven high-rise fire scenarios using computational fluid dynamics softwares Fluent 12.0 and NISTs Fire dynamic simulator (FDS 5.0). The results obtained from Fluent and FDS found to be in close agreement with each other and have been used to optimize the PPV operation for better performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011
Pages1561-1569
Number of pages9
EditionPARTS A AND B
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
EventASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011 - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Nov 11 2011Nov 17 2011

Publication series

NameASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011
NumberPARTS A AND B
Volume4

Other

OtherASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011
CountryUnited States
CityDenver, CO
Period11/11/1111/17/11

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Panindre, P., Kumar, S., Narendranath, A., Manjunath, V. K., Chintaluri, V. P., & Prajapati, V. (2011). Optimization of positive pressure ventilation tactic for wind driven high rise fires. In ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011 (PARTS A AND B ed., pp. 1561-1569). (ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011; Vol. 4, No. PARTS A AND B).