Optimal photon cloning

Julia Kempe, C. Simon, G. Weihs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We show that optimal universal cloning of the polarization state of photons can be achieved via stimulated emission in three-level systems, both of the Λ and the [Formula Presented] type. We establish the equivalence of our systems with coupled harmonic oscillators, which permits us to analyze the structure of the cloning transformations realized. These transformations are shown to be equivalent to the optimal cloning transformations for qubits discovered by Bužek and Hillery and Gisin and Massar. The down-conversion cloner discovered previously by some of the authors is obtained as a limiting case. We demonstrate an interesting equivalence between systems of Λ atoms and systems of pairwise entangled V atoms. Finally we discuss the physical differences between our photon cloners and the qubit cloners considered previously and prove that the bounds on the fidelity of the clones derived for qubits also apply in our situation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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equivalence
photons
stimulated emission
harmonic oscillators
atoms
polarization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Optimal photon cloning. / Kempe, Julia; Simon, C.; Weihs, G.

In: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, Vol. 62, No. 3, 01.01.2000.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kempe, Julia ; Simon, C. ; Weihs, G. / Optimal photon cloning. In: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 2000 ; Vol. 62, No. 3.
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