Optical identification using imperfections in 2D materials

Yameng Cao, Alexander J. Robson, Abdullah Alharbi, Jonathan Roberts, Christopher S. Woodhead, Yasir J. Noori, Ramón Bernardo-Gavito, Davood Shahrjerdi, Utz Roedig, Vladimir I. Fal'Ko, Robert J. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The ability to uniquely identify an object or device is important for authentication. Imperfections, locked into structures during fabrication, can be used to provide a fingerprint that is challenging to reproduce. In this paper, we propose a simple optical technique to read unique information from nanometer-scale defects in 2D materials. Imperfections created during crystal growth or fabrication lead to spatial variations in the bandgap of 2D materials that can be characterized through photoluminescence measurements. We show a simple setup involving an angle-adjustable transmission filter, simple optics and a CCD camera can capture spatially-dependent photoluminescence to produce complex maps of unique information from 2D monolayers. Atomic force microscopy is used to verify the origin of the optical signature measured, demonstrating that it results from nanometer-scale imperfections. This solution to optical identification with 2D materials could be employed as a robust security measure to prevent counterfeiting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045021
Journal2D Materials
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 28 2017

Fingerprint

Defects
defects
Photoluminescence
photoluminescence
Fabrication
fabrication
CCD cameras
Crystallization
Crystal growth
Authentication
crystal growth
Monolayers
Atomic force microscopy
Optics
Energy gap
signatures
atomic force microscopy
optics
filters

Keywords

  • optical measurement
  • photoluminescence
  • physical unclonable functions
  • security
  • transition metal dichalcogenide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Cao, Y., Robson, A. J., Alharbi, A., Roberts, J., Woodhead, C. S., Noori, Y. J., ... Young, R. J. (2017). Optical identification using imperfections in 2D materials. 2D Materials, 4(4), [045021]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1583/aa8b4d

Optical identification using imperfections in 2D materials. / Cao, Yameng; Robson, Alexander J.; Alharbi, Abdullah; Roberts, Jonathan; Woodhead, Christopher S.; Noori, Yasir J.; Bernardo-Gavito, Ramón; Shahrjerdi, Davood; Roedig, Utz; Fal'Ko, Vladimir I.; Young, Robert J.

In: 2D Materials, Vol. 4, No. 4, 045021, 28.09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cao, Y, Robson, AJ, Alharbi, A, Roberts, J, Woodhead, CS, Noori, YJ, Bernardo-Gavito, R, Shahrjerdi, D, Roedig, U, Fal'Ko, VI & Young, RJ 2017, 'Optical identification using imperfections in 2D materials', 2D Materials, vol. 4, no. 4, 045021. https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1583/aa8b4d
Cao Y, Robson AJ, Alharbi A, Roberts J, Woodhead CS, Noori YJ et al. Optical identification using imperfections in 2D materials. 2D Materials. 2017 Sep 28;4(4). 045021. https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1583/aa8b4d
Cao, Yameng ; Robson, Alexander J. ; Alharbi, Abdullah ; Roberts, Jonathan ; Woodhead, Christopher S. ; Noori, Yasir J. ; Bernardo-Gavito, Ramón ; Shahrjerdi, Davood ; Roedig, Utz ; Fal'Ko, Vladimir I. ; Young, Robert J. / Optical identification using imperfections in 2D materials. In: 2D Materials. 2017 ; Vol. 4, No. 4.
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