Operational impacts of incident quick clearance legislation: A simulation analysis

Ryan Fries, Carol Hamlin, Mashrur Chowdhury, Yongchang Ma, Kaan Ozbay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Many states in the US have enacted quick clearance laws requiring drivers of vehicles involved in minor incidents to move their vehicles from travel lanes prior to the arrival of first responders. Since little is known about the effectiveness of these laws, this research sought to find the benefit-cost ratio of advertising quick clearance legislation to improve driver compliance, and compare it with benefit-cost ratios of other incident management strategies, particularly traffic cameras, freeway service patrols, and traffic sensors. The analysis used traffic simulation that applied application programming interfaces to produce random spatial and temporal occurrence of incidents, including incident start times, durations, and locations, based on normal distributions developed from field data, to test before and after the law scenarios. The results provide decision makers with support for prioritizing funding between these incident management strategies and indicated that investments in the advertisement of this law was beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Advanced Transportation
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Fingerprint

Highway systems
Normal distribution
Application programming interfaces (API)
Marketing
Costs
Cameras
Sensors
Legislation
Simulation analysis
Incidents
Compliance
Benefit-cost ratio
Management strategy
First responders
Sensor
Scenarios
Programming
Funding
Decision maker
Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Automotive Engineering

Cite this

Operational impacts of incident quick clearance legislation : A simulation analysis. / Fries, Ryan; Hamlin, Carol; Chowdhury, Mashrur; Ma, Yongchang; Ozbay, Kaan.

In: Journal of Advanced Transportation, Vol. 46, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fries, Ryan ; Hamlin, Carol ; Chowdhury, Mashrur ; Ma, Yongchang ; Ozbay, Kaan. / Operational impacts of incident quick clearance legislation : A simulation analysis. In: Journal of Advanced Transportation. 2012 ; Vol. 46, No. 1. pp. 1-11.
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