Operational characteristics of a plasma torch in a supersonic cross flow

Spencer Kuo, Daniel Bivolaru, Campbell D. Carter, Lance Jacobsen, Skip Williams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Application of torch plasma, which is intended as an ignition aid within a scramjet engine, is studied. The plasma jet generated by a torch module is described by detailing the voltage-current characteristics and through imaging of its plume in a quiescent environment and in a supersonic crossflow. This torch system, with its high voltage discharge, can be operated in periodic (60-Hz) or pulsed modes, depending on the power supply used. In the 60-Hz mode, the capacitors are charged at the line frequency of 60 Hz, resulting in a cyclical discharge. In this mode, the cycle energy is up to 25 J. However, this energy is mainly limited by the power handling capability of the power supply. In the pulsed mode, the torch can deliver up to 100 J in each pulse. Within the Mach-2.5 supersonic flow, which approximates the scramjet-engine startup condition, the penetration height and the volume of torch plume into the crossflow vs. gas supply pressure and plasma energy are determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit
StatePublished - 2003
Event41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit 2003 - Reno, NV, United States
Duration: Jan 6 2003Jan 9 2003

Other

Other41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit 2003
CountryUnited States
CityReno, NV
Period1/6/031/9/03

Fingerprint

Plasma torches
plasma torches
torches
cross flow
Engines
plasma
supersonic combustion ramjet engines
Plant startup
Plasma jets
Gas supply
Supersonic flow
engine
Current voltage characteristics
plume
power supplies
Mach number
plumes
Ignition
energy
Capacitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Kuo, S., Bivolaru, D., Carter, C. D., Jacobsen, L., & Williams, S. (2003). Operational characteristics of a plasma torch in a supersonic cross flow. In 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit

Operational characteristics of a plasma torch in a supersonic cross flow. / Kuo, Spencer; Bivolaru, Daniel; Carter, Campbell D.; Jacobsen, Lance; Williams, Skip.

41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. 2003.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kuo, S, Bivolaru, D, Carter, CD, Jacobsen, L & Williams, S 2003, Operational characteristics of a plasma torch in a supersonic cross flow. in 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit 2003, Reno, NV, United States, 1/6/03.
Kuo S, Bivolaru D, Carter CD, Jacobsen L, Williams S. Operational characteristics of a plasma torch in a supersonic cross flow. In 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. 2003
Kuo, Spencer ; Bivolaru, Daniel ; Carter, Campbell D. ; Jacobsen, Lance ; Williams, Skip. / Operational characteristics of a plasma torch in a supersonic cross flow. 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. 2003.
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