Online 222 Rn removal by cryogenic distillation in the XENON100 experiment

XENON Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We describe the purification of xenon from traces of the radioactive noble gas radon using a cryogenic distillation column. The distillation column was integrated into the gas purification loop of the XENON100 detector for online radon removal. This enabled us to significantly reduce the constant 222Rn background originating from radon emanation. After inserting an auxiliary 222Rn emanation source in the gas loop, we determined a radon reduction factor of R>27 (95% C.L.) for the distillation column by monitoring the 222Rn activity concentration inside the XENON100 detector.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number358
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Fingerprint

distillation
Radon
radon
Distillation
Cryogenics
cryogenics
Distillation columns
purification
Experiments
Gas fuel purification
Detectors
detectors
Xenon
Inert gases
gases
xenon
Purification
rare gases
Monitoring
Gases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Online 222 Rn removal by cryogenic distillation in the XENON100 experiment. / XENON Collaboration.

In: European Physical Journal C, Vol. 77, No. 6, 358, 01.06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9a923d5013b54ed580ad55a6709287e8,
title = "Online 222 Rn removal by cryogenic distillation in the XENON100 experiment",
abstract = "We describe the purification of xenon from traces of the radioactive noble gas radon using a cryogenic distillation column. The distillation column was integrated into the gas purification loop of the XENON100 detector for online radon removal. This enabled us to significantly reduce the constant 222Rn background originating from radon emanation. After inserting an auxiliary 222Rn emanation source in the gas loop, we determined a radon reduction factor of R>27 (95{\%} C.L.) for the distillation column by monitoring the 222Rn activity concentration inside the XENON100 detector.",
author = "{XENON Collaboration} and E. Aprile and J. Aalbers and F. Agostini and M. Alfonsi and Amaro, {F. D.} and M. Anthony and Francesco Arneodo and P. Barrow and L. Baudis and B. Bauermeister and {Lotfi Benabderrhmane}, Mohamed and T. Berger and Breur, {P. A.} and A. Brown and E. Brown and S. Bruenner and G. Bruno and R. Budnik and L. B{\"u}tikofer and J. Calv{\'e}n and Cardoso, {J. M.R.} and M. Cervantes and D. Cichon and D. Coderre and Colijn, {A. P.} and J. Conrad and Cussonneau, {J. P.} and Decowski, {M. P.} and {de Perio}, P. and Gangi, {P. Di} and Giovanni, {A. Di} and S. Diglio and E. Duchovni and G. Eurin and J. Fei and Ferella, {A. D.} and A. Fieguth and D. Franco and W. Fulgione and {Gallo Rosso}, A. and M. Galloway and F. Gao and M. Garbini and C. Geis and Goetzke, {L. W.} and L. Grandi and Z. Greene and C. Grignon and C. Hasterok and E. Hogenbirk",
year = "2017",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-4902-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "77",
journal = "European Physical Journal C",
issn = "1434-6044",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Online 222 Rn removal by cryogenic distillation in the XENON100 experiment

AU - XENON Collaboration

AU - Aprile, E.

AU - Aalbers, J.

AU - Agostini, F.

AU - Alfonsi, M.

AU - Amaro, F. D.

AU - Anthony, M.

AU - Arneodo, Francesco

AU - Barrow, P.

AU - Baudis, L.

AU - Bauermeister, B.

AU - Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed

AU - Berger, T.

AU - Breur, P. A.

AU - Brown, A.

AU - Brown, E.

AU - Bruenner, S.

AU - Bruno, G.

AU - Budnik, R.

AU - Bütikofer, L.

AU - Calvén, J.

AU - Cardoso, J. M.R.

AU - Cervantes, M.

AU - Cichon, D.

AU - Coderre, D.

AU - Colijn, A. P.

AU - Conrad, J.

AU - Cussonneau, J. P.

AU - Decowski, M. P.

AU - de Perio, P.

AU - Gangi, P. Di

AU - Giovanni, A. Di

AU - Diglio, S.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Eurin, G.

AU - Fei, J.

AU - Ferella, A. D.

AU - Fieguth, A.

AU - Franco, D.

AU - Fulgione, W.

AU - Gallo Rosso, A.

AU - Galloway, M.

AU - Gao, F.

AU - Garbini, M.

AU - Geis, C.

AU - Goetzke, L. W.

AU - Grandi, L.

AU - Greene, Z.

AU - Grignon, C.

AU - Hasterok, C.

AU - Hogenbirk, E.

PY - 2017/6/1

Y1 - 2017/6/1

N2 - We describe the purification of xenon from traces of the radioactive noble gas radon using a cryogenic distillation column. The distillation column was integrated into the gas purification loop of the XENON100 detector for online radon removal. This enabled us to significantly reduce the constant 222Rn background originating from radon emanation. After inserting an auxiliary 222Rn emanation source in the gas loop, we determined a radon reduction factor of R>27 (95% C.L.) for the distillation column by monitoring the 222Rn activity concentration inside the XENON100 detector.

AB - We describe the purification of xenon from traces of the radioactive noble gas radon using a cryogenic distillation column. The distillation column was integrated into the gas purification loop of the XENON100 detector for online radon removal. This enabled us to significantly reduce the constant 222Rn background originating from radon emanation. After inserting an auxiliary 222Rn emanation source in the gas loop, we determined a radon reduction factor of R>27 (95% C.L.) for the distillation column by monitoring the 222Rn activity concentration inside the XENON100 detector.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020169522&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85020169522&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-4902-x

DO - 10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-4902-x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85020169522

VL - 77

JO - European Physical Journal C

JF - European Physical Journal C

SN - 1434-6044

IS - 6

M1 - 358

ER -