One mirror effect

The regularities of recognition memory

Andrew Hilford, Murray Glanzer, Kisok Kim, Laurence Maloney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The mirror effect is a pattern of results generally found in two-condition recognition memory experiments that is consistent with normative signal detection theory as a model of recognition. However, the claim has been made that there is a distinct mirror effect, the “strength mirror effect,” that differs from the normative one. This claim is based on experiments on recognition memory in which repetition or study time is varied to produce differences in accuracy, where typically the ordinary mirror effect pattern is absent. If this claim is correct, it has major implications for theories of recognition memory. Therefore, a full examination of the data that support the claim was called for. To do that, we replicated the basic demonstration of the no-mirror-effect data and analyzed it further in a series of experiments. The analysis showed the following: (1) Whether or not the mirror effect occurs is determined by whether the experimenter furnishes effective discriminanda that distinguish the weak and strong conditions for the participant. (2) Once Finding 1 is taken into account, no adjustments of or additions to the normative signal detection theory explanations are necessary. (3) There is only one mirror effect, and no separate “strength mirror effect.”.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMemory and Cognition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Recognition (Psychology)
Regularity
Mirror Effect
Recognition Memory
Psychological Signal Detection
Experiment
Signal Detection Theory
Experimenter

Keywords

  • Likelihood ratio
  • Mirror effect
  • Recognition memory
  • Signal detection theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

One mirror effect : The regularities of recognition memory. / Hilford, Andrew; Glanzer, Murray; Kim, Kisok; Maloney, Laurence.

In: Memory and Cognition, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9c1bd3ec51204bc3a28f170ad24912be,
title = "One mirror effect: The regularities of recognition memory",
abstract = "The mirror effect is a pattern of results generally found in two-condition recognition memory experiments that is consistent with normative signal detection theory as a model of recognition. However, the claim has been made that there is a distinct mirror effect, the “strength mirror effect,” that differs from the normative one. This claim is based on experiments on recognition memory in which repetition or study time is varied to produce differences in accuracy, where typically the ordinary mirror effect pattern is absent. If this claim is correct, it has major implications for theories of recognition memory. Therefore, a full examination of the data that support the claim was called for. To do that, we replicated the basic demonstration of the no-mirror-effect data and analyzed it further in a series of experiments. The analysis showed the following: (1) Whether or not the mirror effect occurs is determined by whether the experimenter furnishes effective discriminanda that distinguish the weak and strong conditions for the participant. (2) Once Finding 1 is taken into account, no adjustments of or additions to the normative signal detection theory explanations are necessary. (3) There is only one mirror effect, and no separate “strength mirror effect.”.",
keywords = "Likelihood ratio, Mirror effect, Recognition memory, Signal detection theory",
author = "Andrew Hilford and Murray Glanzer and Kisok Kim and Laurence Maloney",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3758/s13421-018-0864-y",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Memory and Cognition",
issn = "0090-502X",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - One mirror effect

T2 - The regularities of recognition memory

AU - Hilford, Andrew

AU - Glanzer, Murray

AU - Kim, Kisok

AU - Maloney, Laurence

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - The mirror effect is a pattern of results generally found in two-condition recognition memory experiments that is consistent with normative signal detection theory as a model of recognition. However, the claim has been made that there is a distinct mirror effect, the “strength mirror effect,” that differs from the normative one. This claim is based on experiments on recognition memory in which repetition or study time is varied to produce differences in accuracy, where typically the ordinary mirror effect pattern is absent. If this claim is correct, it has major implications for theories of recognition memory. Therefore, a full examination of the data that support the claim was called for. To do that, we replicated the basic demonstration of the no-mirror-effect data and analyzed it further in a series of experiments. The analysis showed the following: (1) Whether or not the mirror effect occurs is determined by whether the experimenter furnishes effective discriminanda that distinguish the weak and strong conditions for the participant. (2) Once Finding 1 is taken into account, no adjustments of or additions to the normative signal detection theory explanations are necessary. (3) There is only one mirror effect, and no separate “strength mirror effect.”.

AB - The mirror effect is a pattern of results generally found in two-condition recognition memory experiments that is consistent with normative signal detection theory as a model of recognition. However, the claim has been made that there is a distinct mirror effect, the “strength mirror effect,” that differs from the normative one. This claim is based on experiments on recognition memory in which repetition or study time is varied to produce differences in accuracy, where typically the ordinary mirror effect pattern is absent. If this claim is correct, it has major implications for theories of recognition memory. Therefore, a full examination of the data that support the claim was called for. To do that, we replicated the basic demonstration of the no-mirror-effect data and analyzed it further in a series of experiments. The analysis showed the following: (1) Whether or not the mirror effect occurs is determined by whether the experimenter furnishes effective discriminanda that distinguish the weak and strong conditions for the participant. (2) Once Finding 1 is taken into account, no adjustments of or additions to the normative signal detection theory explanations are necessary. (3) There is only one mirror effect, and no separate “strength mirror effect.”.

KW - Likelihood ratio

KW - Mirror effect

KW - Recognition memory

KW - Signal detection theory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85054571193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85054571193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/s13421-018-0864-y

DO - 10.3758/s13421-018-0864-y

M3 - Article

JO - Memory and Cognition

JF - Memory and Cognition

SN - 0090-502X

ER -