On the origin of the solid-state thermochromism and thermal fatigue of polycyclic overcrowded enes

Pance Naumov, Nobuo Ishizawa, Jun Wang, Ljupčo Pejov, Martin Pumera, Sang Cheol Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aimed at unraveling the relative contribution of the folding, twisting and bending in the mechanism of the solid-state thermochromism of overcrowded polycyclic aromatic enes (PAEs), the structures of two typical heteromeric and homomeric representatives, 2-(thioxanthen-9-ylidene)indane-1,3-dione (1) and 9,9′-bi-9(10H)-anthracenylidene-10,10′-dione (bianthrone, 2), were studied by temperature-resolved single crystal X-ray diffraction (120-530 K) and solid-state UV-visible spectroscopy. Aside from negligibly small unfolding of the tricyclic moiety of 1, this first direct diffraction study of the high-temperature structures of solid PAEs did not unravel any significant and detectable changes in the time- and space-averaged intramolecular structures, thus, showing that the PAE-type thermochromism is not due to phase transitions or to major and permanent molecular distortions of a large portion of the material that would be caused by folding, twisting and/or bending. Instead, the experimental observations and theoretical modeling indicated that the color change is probably due to a dynamic process, where the absorption spectrum changes as a result of enhanced thermal oscillations of the two halves of the molecules around the central bridge. In addition to the reversible coloration, we also observed irreversible processes of thermal fatigue that afford stable chemical products that absorb in the visible region. We showed that the stable products are conductive and they act electrocatalytically toward oxidation of several biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8563-8570
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume115
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 4 2011

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thermal fatigue
Thermal fatigue
twisting
Dione
folding
intramolecular structures
solid state
color
irreversible processes
biomarkers
products
diffraction
Biomarkers
absorption spectra
oscillations
oxidation
Absorption spectra
single crystals
Diffraction
Phase transitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

On the origin of the solid-state thermochromism and thermal fatigue of polycyclic overcrowded enes. / Naumov, Pance; Ishizawa, Nobuo; Wang, Jun; Pejov, Ljupčo; Pumera, Martin; Lee, Sang Cheol.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 115, No. 30, 04.08.2011, p. 8563-8570.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Naumov, Pance ; Ishizawa, Nobuo ; Wang, Jun ; Pejov, Ljupčo ; Pumera, Martin ; Lee, Sang Cheol. / On the origin of the solid-state thermochromism and thermal fatigue of polycyclic overcrowded enes. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2011 ; Vol. 115, No. 30. pp. 8563-8570.
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