Occupational feminization and pay: Assessing causal dynamics using 1950-2000 U.S. Census data

Asaf Levanon, Paula England, University Of Pennsylvania Paul Allison

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Occupations with a greater share of females pay less than, those with a lower share, controlling for education, and skill. This association is explained by two dominant views: devaluation and queuing. The former views the pay offered in an, occupation to affect its female proportion, due to employers' preference for men- a gendered labor queue. The latter argues that the proportion of females in an occupation affects pay, owing to devaluation of work done by women. Only a few past studies used longitudinal data, which is needed to test the theories. We use fixed-effects models, thus controlling for stable characteristics of occupations, and U.S. Census data from 1950 through 2000. We find substantial evidence for the devaluation view, but only scant evidence for the queuing view.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)865-891
    Number of pages27
    JournalSocial Forces
    Volume88
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 2009

    Fingerprint

    devaluation
    occupation
    census
    evidence
    employer
    labor
    Causal
    Feminization
    Census
    education
    Proportion
    Fixed Effects
    Longitudinal Data
    Labor
    Employers
    Education

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science
    • History
    • Anthropology

    Cite this

    Occupational feminization and pay : Assessing causal dynamics using 1950-2000 U.S. Census data. / Levanon, Asaf; England, Paula; Paul Allison, University Of Pennsylvania.

    In: Social Forces, Vol. 88, No. 2, 12.2009, p. 865-891.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Levanon, Asaf ; England, Paula ; Paul Allison, University Of Pennsylvania. / Occupational feminization and pay : Assessing causal dynamics using 1950-2000 U.S. Census data. In: Social Forces. 2009 ; Vol. 88, No. 2. pp. 865-891.
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