Observation of the top quark

S. Abachi, B. Abbott, M. Abolins, B. S. Acharya, I. Adam, D. L. Adams, M. Adams, S. Ahn, H. Aihara, J. Alitti, G. Alvarez, G. A. Alves, E. Amidi, N. Amos, E. W. Anderson, S. H. Aronson, R. Astur, R. E. Avery, A. Baden, V. BalamuraliJ. Balderston, B. Baldin, J. Bantly, J. F. Bartlett, K. Bazizi, J. Bendich, S. B. Beri, I. Bertram, V. A. Bezzubov, P. C. Bhat, V. Bhatnagar, M. Bhattacharjee, A. Bischoff, N. Biswas, G. Blazey, S. Blessing, A. Boehnlein, N. I. Bojko, F. Borcherding, J. Borders, C. Boswell, A. Brandt, R. Brock, A. Bross, D. Buchholz, V. S. Burtovoi, J. M. Butler, D. Casey, H. Castilla-Valdez, D. Chakraborty, S. M. Chang, S. V. Chekulaev, L. P. Chen, W. Chen, L. Chevalier, S. Chopra, B. C. Choudhary, J. H. Christenson, M. Chung, D. Claes, A. R. Clark, W. G. Cobau, J. Cochran, W. E. Cooper, C. Cretsinger, D. Cullen-Vidal, M. Cummings, D. Cutts, O. I. Dahl, K. De, M. Demarteau, R. Demina, K. Denisenko, N. Denisenko, D. Denisov, S. P. Denisov, W. Dharmaratna, H. T. Diehl, M. Diesburg, G. Di Loreto, R. Dixon, P. Draper, J. Drinkard, Y. Ducros, S. R. Dugad, S. Durston-Johnson, D. Edmunds, A. O. Efimov, J. Ellison, V. D. Elvira, R. Engelmann, S. Eno, G. Eppley, P. Ermolov, O. V. Eroshin, V. N. Evdokimov, S. Fahey, T. Fahland, M. Fatyga, M. K. Fatyga, J. Featherly, S. Feher, D. Fein, T. Ferbel, G. Finocchiaro, H. E. Fisk, Yu Fisyak, E. Flattum, G. E. Forden, M. Fortner, K. C. Frame, P. Franzini, S. Fredriksen, S. Fuess, A. N. Galjaev, E. Gallas, C. S. Gao, S. Gao, T. L. Geld, R. J. Genik, K. Genser, C. E. Gerber, B. Gibbard, M. Glaubman, V. Glebov, S. Glenn, J. F. Glicenstein, B. Gobbi, M. Goforth, A. Goldschmidt, B. Gomez, P. I. Goncharov, H. Gordon, L. T. Goss, N. Graf, P. D. Grannis, D. R. Green, J. Green, H. Greenlee, G. Griffin, N. Grossman, P. Grudberg, S. Grünendahl, J. A. Guida, J. M. Guida, W. Guryn, S. N. Gurzhiev, Y. E. Gutnikov, N. J. Hadley, H. Haggerty, S. Hagopian, V. Hagopian, K. S. Hahn, R. E. Hall, S. Hansen, R. Hatcher, J. M. Hauptman, D. Hedin, A. P. Heinson, U. Heintz, R. Hernandez-Montoya, T. Heuring, R. Hirosky, J. D. Hobbs, B. Hoeneisen, J. S. Hoftun, F. Hsieh, Ting Hu, Tong Hu, T. Huehn, S. Igarashi, A. S. Ito, E. James, J. Jaques, S. A. Jerger, J. Z Y Jiang, T. Joffe-Minor, H. Johari, K. Johns, M. Johnson, H. Johnstad, A. Jonckheere, H. Jöstlein, S. Y. Jun, C. K. Jung, S. Kahn, J. S. Kang, R. Kehoe, M. Kelly, A. Kernan, L. Kerth, C. L. Kim, S. K. Kim, A. Klatchko, B. Klima, B. I. Klochkov, C. Klopfenstein, V. I. Klyukhin, V. I. Kochetkov, J. M. Kohli, D. Koltick, A. V. Kostritskiy, J. Kotcher, J. Kourlas, A. V. Kozelov, E. A. Kozlovski, M. R. Krishnaswamy, S. Krzywdzinski, S. Kunori, S. Lami, G. Landsberg, R. E. Lanou, J. F. Lebrat, J. Lee-Franzini, A. Leflat, H. Li, J. Li, Y. K. Li, Q. Z. Li-Demarteau, J. G R Lima, D. Lincoln, S. L. Linn, J. Linnemann, R. Lipton, Y. C. Liu, F. Lobkowicz, S. C. Loken, S. Lökös, L. Lueking, A. L. Lyon, A. K A MacIel, R. J. Madaras, R. Madden, I. V. Mandrichenko, Ph Mangeot, S. Mani, B. Mansoulié, H. S. Mao, S. Margulies, R. Markeloff, L. Markosky, T. Marshall, M. I. Martin, M. Marx, B. May, A. A. Mayorov, R. McCarthy, T. McKibben, J. McKinley, H. L. Melanson, J. R T De Mello Neto, K. W. Merritt, H. Miettinen, A. Milder, C. Milner, A. Mincer, J. M. De Miranda, C. S. Mishra, M. Mohammadi-Baarmand, N. Mokhov, N. K. Mondal, H. E. Montgomery, P. Mooney, M. Mudan, C. Murphy, C. T. Murphy, F. Nang, M. Narain, V. S. Narasimham, A. Narayanan, H. A. Neal, J. P. Negret, E. Neis, P. Nemethy, D. Neić, D. Norman, L. Oesch, V. Oguri, E. Oltman, N. Oshima, D. Owen, P. Padley, M. Pang, A. Para, C. H. Park, Y. M. Park, R. Partridge, N. Parua, M. Paterno, J. Perkins, A. Peryshkin, M. Peters, H. Piekarz, Y. Pischalnikov, A. Pluquet, V. M. Podstavkov, B. G. Pope, H. B. Prosper, S. Protopopescu, D. Pueljić, J. Qian, P. Z. Quintas, R. Raja, S. Rajagopalan, O. Ramirez, M. V S Rao, P. A. Rapidis, L. Rasmussen, A. L. Read, S. Reucroft, M. Rijssenbeek, T. Rockwell, N. A. Roe, J. M R Roldan, P. Rubinov, R. Ruchti, S. Rusin, J. Rutherfoord, A. Santoro, L. Sawyer, R. D. Schamberger, H. Schellman, D. Schmid, J. Sculli, E. Shabalina, C. Shaffer, H. C. Shankar, R. K. Shivpuri, M. Shupe, J. B. Singh, V. Sirotenko, W. Smart, A. Smith, R. P. Smith, R. Snihur, G. R. Snow, S. Snyder, J. Solomon, P. M. Sood, M. Sosebee, M. Souza, A. L. Spadafora, R. W. Stephens, M. L. Stevenson, D. Stewart, F. Stocker, D. A. Stoianova, D. Stoker, K. Streets, M. Strovink, A. Taketani, P. Tamburello, J. Tarazi, M. Tartaglia, T. L. Taylor, J. Teiger, J. Thompson, T. G. Trippe, P. M. Tuts, N. Varelas, E. W. Varnes, P. R G Virador, D. Vititoe, A. A. Volkov, E. Von Goeler, A. P. Vorobiev, H. D. Wahl, J. Wang, L. Z. Wang, J. Warchol, M. Wayne, H. Weerts, W. A. Wenzel, A. White, J. T. White, J. A. Wightman, J. Wilcox, S. Willis, S. J. Wimpenny, J. V D Wirjawan, Z. Wolf, J. Womersley, E. Won, D. R. Wood, H. Xu, R. Yamada, P. Yamin, C. Yanagisawa, J. Yang, T. Yasuda, C. Yoshikawa, S. Youssef, J. Yu, Y. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. H. Zhou, Q. Zhu, Y. S. Zhu, Z. H. Zhu, D. Zieminska, A. Zieminski, A. Zinchenko, A. Zylberstejn

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The D0 Collaboration reports on a search for the standard model top quark in pp̄ collisions at s=1.8TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron with an integrated luminosity of approximately 50 pb-1. We have searched for tt̄ production in the dilepton and single-lepton decay channels with and without tagging of b-quark jets. We observed 17 events with an expected background of 3.8±0.6 events. The probability for an upward fluctuation of the background to produce the observed signal is 2×10-6 (equivalent to 4.6 standard deviations). The kinematic properties of the excess events are consistent with top quark decay. We conclude that we have observed the top quark and measured its mass to be 199-21+19 (stat) ±22 (syst) GeV/c2 and its production cross section to be 6.4±2.2 pb.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2632-2637
    Number of pages6
    JournalPhysical Review Letters
    Volume74
    Issue number14
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1995

    Fingerprint

    quarks
    decay
    marking
    leptons
    standard deviation
    kinematics
    luminosity
    collisions
    cross sections

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Abachi, S., Abbott, B., Abolins, M., Acharya, B. S., Adam, I., Adams, D. L., ... Zylberstejn, A. (1995). Observation of the top quark. Physical Review Letters, 74(14), 2632-2637. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2632

    Observation of the top quark. / Abachi, S.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B. S.; Adam, I.; Adams, D. L.; Adams, M.; Ahn, S.; Aihara, H.; Alitti, J.; Alvarez, G.; Alves, G. A.; Amidi, E.; Amos, N.; Anderson, E. W.; Aronson, S. H.; Astur, R.; Avery, R. E.; Baden, A.; Balamurali, V.; Balderston, J.; Baldin, B.; Bantly, J.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bazizi, K.; Bendich, J.; Beri, S. B.; Bertram, I.; Bezzubov, V. A.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatnagar, V.; Bhattacharjee, M.; Bischoff, A.; Biswas, N.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Boehnlein, A.; Bojko, N. I.; Borcherding, F.; Borders, J.; Boswell, C.; Brandt, A.; Brock, R.; Bross, A.; Buchholz, D.; Burtovoi, V. S.; Butler, J. M.; Casey, D.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Chakraborty, D.; Chang, S. M.; Chekulaev, S. V.; Chen, L. P.; Chen, W.; Chevalier, L.; Chopra, S.; Choudhary, B. C.; Christenson, J. H.; Chung, M.; Claes, D.; Clark, A. R.; Cobau, W. G.; Cochran, J.; Cooper, W. E.; Cretsinger, C.; Cullen-Vidal, D.; Cummings, M.; Cutts, D.; Dahl, O. I.; De, K.; Demarteau, M.; Demina, R.; Denisenko, K.; Denisenko, N.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Dharmaratna, W.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Di Loreto, G.; Dixon, R.; Draper, P.; Drinkard, J.; Ducros, Y.; Dugad, S. R.; Durston-Johnson, S.; Edmunds, D.; Efimov, A. O.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Engelmann, R.; Eno, S.; Eppley, G.; Ermolov, P.; Eroshin, O. V.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Fahey, S.; Fahland, T.; Fatyga, M.; Fatyga, M. K.; Featherly, J.; Feher, S.; Fein, D.; Ferbel, T.; Finocchiaro, G.; Fisk, H. E.; Fisyak, Yu; Flattum, E.; Forden, G. E.; Fortner, M.; Frame, K. C.; Franzini, P.; Fredriksen, S.; Fuess, S.; Galjaev, A. N.; Gallas, E.; Gao, C. S.; Gao, S.; Geld, T. L.; Genik, R. J.; Genser, K.; Gerber, C. E.; Gibbard, B.; Glaubman, M.; Glebov, V.; Glenn, S.; Glicenstein, J. F.; Gobbi, B.; Goforth, M.; Goldschmidt, A.; Gomez, B.; Goncharov, P. I.; Gordon, H.; Goss, L. T.; Graf, N.; Grannis, P. D.; Green, D. R.; Green, J.; Greenlee, H.; Griffin, G.; Grossman, N.; Grudberg, P.; Grünendahl, S.; Guida, J. A.; Guida, J. M.; Guryn, W.; Gurzhiev, S. N.; Gutnikov, Y. E.; Hadley, N. J.; Haggerty, H.; Hagopian, S.; Hagopian, V.; Hahn, K. S.; Hall, R. E.; Hansen, S.; Hatcher, R.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hedin, D.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hernandez-Montoya, R.; Heuring, T.; Hirosky, R.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hoftun, J. S.; Hsieh, F.; Hu, Ting; Hu, Tong; Huehn, T.; Igarashi, S.; Ito, A. S.; James, E.; Jaques, J.; Jerger, S. A.; Jiang, J. Z Y; Joffe-Minor, T.; Johari, H.; Johns, K.; Johnson, M.; Johnstad, H.; Jonckheere, A.; Jöstlein, H.; Jun, S. Y.; Jung, C. K.; Kahn, S.; Kang, J. S.; Kehoe, R.; Kelly, M.; Kernan, A.; Kerth, L.; Kim, C. L.; Kim, S. K.; Klatchko, A.; Klima, B.; Klochkov, B. I.; Klopfenstein, C.; Klyukhin, V. I.; Kochetkov, V. I.; Kohli, J. M.; Koltick, D.; Kostritskiy, A. V.; Kotcher, J.; Kourlas, J.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kozlovski, E. A.; Krishnaswamy, M. R.; Krzywdzinski, S.; Kunori, S.; Lami, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lanou, R. E.; Lebrat, J. F.; Lee-Franzini, J.; Leflat, A.; Li, H.; Li, J.; Li, Y. K.; Li-Demarteau, Q. Z.; Lima, J. G R; Lincoln, D.; Linn, S. L.; Linnemann, J.; Lipton, R.; Liu, Y. C.; Lobkowicz, F.; Loken, S. C.; Lökös, S.; Lueking, L.; Lyon, A. L.; MacIel, A. K A; Madaras, R. J.; Madden, R.; Mandrichenko, I. V.; Mangeot, Ph; Mani, S.; Mansoulié, B.; Mao, H. S.; Margulies, S.; Markeloff, R.; Markosky, L.; Marshall, T.; Martin, M. I.; Marx, M.; May, B.; Mayorov, A. A.; McCarthy, R.; McKibben, T.; McKinley, J.; Melanson, H. L.; De Mello Neto, J. R T; Merritt, K. W.; Miettinen, H.; Milder, A.; Milner, C.; Mincer, A.; De Miranda, J. M.; Mishra, C. S.; Mohammadi-Baarmand, M.; Mokhov, N.; Mondal, N. K.; Montgomery, H. E.; Mooney, P.; Mudan, M.; Murphy, C.; Murphy, C. T.; Nang, F.; Narain, M.; Narasimham, V. S.; Narayanan, A.; Neal, H. A.; Negret, J. P.; Neis, E.; Nemethy, P.; Neić, D.; Norman, D.; Oesch, L.; Oguri, V.; Oltman, E.; Oshima, N.; Owen, D.; Padley, P.; Pang, M.; Para, A.; Park, C. H.; Park, Y. M.; Partridge, R.; Parua, N.; Paterno, M.; Perkins, J.; Peryshkin, A.; Peters, M.; Piekarz, H.; Pischalnikov, Y.; Pluquet, A.; Podstavkov, V. M.; Pope, B. G.; Prosper, H. B.; Protopopescu, S.; Pueljić, D.; Qian, J.; Quintas, P. Z.; Raja, R.; Rajagopalan, S.; Ramirez, O.; Rao, M. V S; Rapidis, P. A.; Rasmussen, L.; Read, A. L.; Reucroft, S.; Rijssenbeek, M.; Rockwell, T.; Roe, N. A.; Roldan, J. M R; Rubinov, P.; Ruchti, R.; Rusin, S.; Rutherfoord, J.; Santoro, A.; Sawyer, L.; Schamberger, R. D.; Schellman, H.; Schmid, D.; Sculli, J.; Shabalina, E.; Shaffer, C.; Shankar, H. C.; Shivpuri, R. K.; Shupe, M.; Singh, J. B.; Sirotenko, V.; Smart, W.; Smith, A.; Smith, R. P.; Snihur, R.; Snow, G. R.; Snyder, S.; Solomon, J.; Sood, P. M.; Sosebee, M.; Souza, M.; Spadafora, A. L.; Stephens, R. W.; Stevenson, M. L.; Stewart, D.; Stocker, F.; Stoianova, D. A.; Stoker, D.; Streets, K.; Strovink, M.; Taketani, A.; Tamburello, P.; Tarazi, J.; Tartaglia, M.; Taylor, T. L.; Teiger, J.; Thompson, J.; Trippe, T. G.; Tuts, P. M.; Varelas, N.; Varnes, E. W.; Virador, P. R G; Vititoe, D.; Volkov, A. A.; Von Goeler, E.; Vorobiev, A. P.; Wahl, H. D.; Wang, J.; Wang, L. Z.; Warchol, J.; Wayne, M.; Weerts, H.; Wenzel, W. A.; White, A.; White, J. T.; Wightman, J. A.; Wilcox, J.; Willis, S.; Wimpenny, S. J.; Wirjawan, J. V D; Wolf, Z.; Womersley, J.; Won, E.; Wood, D. R.; Xu, H.; Yamada, R.; Yamin, P.; Yanagisawa, C.; Yang, J.; Yasuda, T.; Yoshikawa, C.; Youssef, S.; Yu, J.; Yu, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhou, Y. H.; Zhu, Q.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. H.; Zieminska, D.; Zieminski, A.; Zinchenko, A.; Zylberstejn, A.

    In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 74, No. 14, 1995, p. 2632-2637.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abachi, S, Abbott, B, Abolins, M, Acharya, BS, Adam, I, Adams, DL, Adams, M, Ahn, S, Aihara, H, Alitti, J, Alvarez, G, Alves, GA, Amidi, E, Amos, N, Anderson, EW, Aronson, SH, Astur, R, Avery, RE, Baden, A, Balamurali, V, Balderston, J, Baldin, B, Bantly, J, Bartlett, JF, Bazizi, K, Bendich, J, Beri, SB, Bertram, I, Bezzubov, VA, Bhat, PC, Bhatnagar, V, Bhattacharjee, M, Bischoff, A, Biswas, N, Blazey, G, Blessing, S, Boehnlein, A, Bojko, NI, Borcherding, F, Borders, J, Boswell, C, Brandt, A, Brock, R, Bross, A, Buchholz, D, Burtovoi, VS, Butler, JM, Casey, D, Castilla-Valdez, H, Chakraborty, D, Chang, SM, Chekulaev, SV, Chen, LP, Chen, W, Chevalier, L, Chopra, S, Choudhary, BC, Christenson, JH, Chung, M, Claes, D, Clark, AR, Cobau, WG, Cochran, J, Cooper, WE, Cretsinger, C, Cullen-Vidal, D, Cummings, M, Cutts, D, Dahl, OI, De, K, Demarteau, M, Demina, R, Denisenko, K, Denisenko, N, Denisov, D, Denisov, SP, Dharmaratna, W, Diehl, HT, Diesburg, M, Di Loreto, G, Dixon, R, Draper, P, Drinkard, J, Ducros, Y, Dugad, SR, Durston-Johnson, S, Edmunds, D, Efimov, AO, Ellison, J, Elvira, VD, Engelmann, R, Eno, S, Eppley, G, Ermolov, P, Eroshin, OV, Evdokimov, VN, Fahey, S, Fahland, T, Fatyga, M, Fatyga, MK, Featherly, J, Feher, S, Fein, D, Ferbel, T, Finocchiaro, G, Fisk, HE, Fisyak, Y, Flattum, E, Forden, GE, Fortner, M, Frame, KC, Franzini, P, Fredriksen, S, Fuess, S, Galjaev, AN, Gallas, E, Gao, CS, Gao, S, Geld, TL, Genik, RJ, Genser, K, Gerber, CE, Gibbard, B, Glaubman, M, Glebov, V, Glenn, S, Glicenstein, JF, Gobbi, B, Goforth, M, Goldschmidt, A, Gomez, B, Goncharov, PI, Gordon, H, Goss, LT, Graf, N, Grannis, PD, Green, DR, Green, J, Greenlee, H, Griffin, G, Grossman, N, Grudberg, P, Grünendahl, S, Guida, JA, Guida, JM, Guryn, W, Gurzhiev, SN, Gutnikov, YE, Hadley, NJ, Haggerty, H, Hagopian, S, Hagopian, V, Hahn, KS, Hall, RE, Hansen, S, Hatcher, R, Hauptman, JM, Hedin, D, Heinson, AP, Heintz, U, Hernandez-Montoya, R, Heuring, T, Hirosky, R, Hobbs, JD, Hoeneisen, B, Hoftun, JS, Hsieh, F, Hu, T, Hu, T, Huehn, T, Igarashi, S, Ito, AS, James, E, Jaques, J, Jerger, SA, Jiang, JZY, Joffe-Minor, T, Johari, H, Johns, K, Johnson, M, Johnstad, H, Jonckheere, A, Jöstlein, H, Jun, SY, Jung, CK, Kahn, S, Kang, JS, Kehoe, R, Kelly, M, Kernan, A, Kerth, L, Kim, CL, Kim, SK, Klatchko, A, Klima, B, Klochkov, BI, Klopfenstein, C, Klyukhin, VI, Kochetkov, VI, Kohli, JM, Koltick, D, Kostritskiy, AV, Kotcher, J, Kourlas, J, Kozelov, AV, Kozlovski, EA, Krishnaswamy, MR, Krzywdzinski, S, Kunori, S, Lami, S, Landsberg, G, Lanou, RE, Lebrat, JF, Lee-Franzini, J, Leflat, A, Li, H, Li, J, Li, YK, Li-Demarteau, QZ, Lima, JGR, Lincoln, D, Linn, SL, Linnemann, J, Lipton, R, Liu, YC, Lobkowicz, F, Loken, SC, Lökös, S, Lueking, L, Lyon, AL, MacIel, AKA, Madaras, RJ, Madden, R, Mandrichenko, IV, Mangeot, P, Mani, S, Mansoulié, B, Mao, HS, Margulies, S, Markeloff, R, Markosky, L, Marshall, T, Martin, MI, Marx, M, May, B, Mayorov, AA, McCarthy, R, McKibben, T, McKinley, J, Melanson, HL, De Mello Neto, JRT, Merritt, KW, Miettinen, H, Milder, A, Milner, C, Mincer, A, De Miranda, JM, Mishra, CS, Mohammadi-Baarmand, M, Mokhov, N, Mondal, NK, Montgomery, HE, Mooney, P, Mudan, M, Murphy, C, Murphy, CT, Nang, F, Narain, M, Narasimham, VS, Narayanan, A, Neal, HA, Negret, JP, Neis, E, Nemethy, P, Neić, D, Norman, D, Oesch, L, Oguri, V, Oltman, E, Oshima, N, Owen, D, Padley, P, Pang, M, Para, A, Park, CH, Park, YM, Partridge, R, Parua, N, Paterno, M, Perkins, J, Peryshkin, A, Peters, M, Piekarz, H, Pischalnikov, Y, Pluquet, A, Podstavkov, VM, Pope, BG, Prosper, HB, Protopopescu, S, Pueljić, D, Qian, J, Quintas, PZ, Raja, R, Rajagopalan, S, Ramirez, O, Rao, MVS, Rapidis, PA, Rasmussen, L, Read, AL, Reucroft, S, Rijssenbeek, M, Rockwell, T, Roe, NA, Roldan, JMR, Rubinov, P, Ruchti, R, Rusin, S, Rutherfoord, J, Santoro, A, Sawyer, L, Schamberger, RD, Schellman, H, Schmid, D, Sculli, J, Shabalina, E, Shaffer, C, Shankar, HC, Shivpuri, RK, Shupe, M, Singh, JB, Sirotenko, V, Smart, W, Smith, A, Smith, RP, Snihur, R, Snow, GR, Snyder, S, Solomon, J, Sood, PM, Sosebee, M, Souza, M, Spadafora, AL, Stephens, RW, Stevenson, ML, Stewart, D, Stocker, F, Stoianova, DA, Stoker, D, Streets, K, Strovink, M, Taketani, A, Tamburello, P, Tarazi, J, Tartaglia, M, Taylor, TL, Teiger, J, Thompson, J, Trippe, TG, Tuts, PM, Varelas, N, Varnes, EW, Virador, PRG, Vititoe, D, Volkov, AA, Von Goeler, E, Vorobiev, AP, Wahl, HD, Wang, J, Wang, LZ, Warchol, J, Wayne, M, Weerts, H, Wenzel, WA, White, A, White, JT, Wightman, JA, Wilcox, J, Willis, S, Wimpenny, SJ, Wirjawan, JVD, Wolf, Z, Womersley, J, Won, E, Wood, DR, Xu, H, Yamada, R, Yamin, P, Yanagisawa, C, Yang, J, Yasuda, T, Yoshikawa, C, Youssef, S, Yu, J, Yu, Y, Zhang, Y, Zhou, YH, Zhu, Q, Zhu, YS, Zhu, ZH, Zieminska, D, Zieminski, A, Zinchenko, A & Zylberstejn, A 1995, 'Observation of the top quark', Physical Review Letters, vol. 74, no. 14, pp. 2632-2637. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2632
    Abachi S, Abbott B, Abolins M, Acharya BS, Adam I, Adams DL et al. Observation of the top quark. Physical Review Letters. 1995;74(14):2632-2637. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2632
    Abachi, S. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Acharya, B. S. ; Adam, I. ; Adams, D. L. ; Adams, M. ; Ahn, S. ; Aihara, H. ; Alitti, J. ; Alvarez, G. ; Alves, G. A. ; Amidi, E. ; Amos, N. ; Anderson, E. W. ; Aronson, S. H. ; Astur, R. ; Avery, R. E. ; Baden, A. ; Balamurali, V. ; Balderston, J. ; Baldin, B. ; Bantly, J. ; Bartlett, J. F. ; Bazizi, K. ; Bendich, J. ; Beri, S. B. ; Bertram, I. ; Bezzubov, V. A. ; Bhat, P. C. ; Bhatnagar, V. ; Bhattacharjee, M. ; Bischoff, A. ; Biswas, N. ; Blazey, G. ; Blessing, S. ; Boehnlein, A. ; Bojko, N. I. ; Borcherding, F. ; Borders, J. ; Boswell, C. ; Brandt, A. ; Brock, R. ; Bross, A. ; Buchholz, D. ; Burtovoi, V. S. ; Butler, J. M. ; Casey, D. ; Castilla-Valdez, H. ; Chakraborty, D. ; Chang, S. M. ; Chekulaev, S. V. ; Chen, L. P. ; Chen, W. ; Chevalier, L. ; Chopra, S. ; Choudhary, B. C. ; Christenson, J. H. ; Chung, M. ; Claes, D. ; Clark, A. R. ; Cobau, W. G. ; Cochran, J. ; Cooper, W. E. ; Cretsinger, C. ; Cullen-Vidal, D. ; Cummings, M. ; Cutts, D. ; Dahl, O. I. ; De, K. ; Demarteau, M. ; Demina, R. ; Denisenko, K. ; Denisenko, N. ; Denisov, D. ; Denisov, S. P. ; Dharmaratna, W. ; Diehl, H. T. ; Diesburg, M. ; Di Loreto, G. ; Dixon, R. ; Draper, P. ; Drinkard, J. ; Ducros, Y. ; Dugad, S. R. ; Durston-Johnson, S. ; Edmunds, D. ; Efimov, A. O. ; Ellison, J. ; Elvira, V. D. ; Engelmann, R. ; Eno, S. ; Eppley, G. ; Ermolov, P. ; Eroshin, O. V. ; Evdokimov, V. N. ; Fahey, S. ; Fahland, T. ; Fatyga, M. ; Fatyga, M. K. ; Featherly, J. ; Feher, S. ; Fein, D. ; Ferbel, T. ; Finocchiaro, G. ; Fisk, H. E. ; Fisyak, Yu ; Flattum, E. ; Forden, G. E. ; Fortner, M. ; Frame, K. C. ; Franzini, P. ; Fredriksen, S. ; Fuess, S. ; Galjaev, A. N. ; Gallas, E. ; Gao, C. S. ; Gao, S. ; Geld, T. L. ; Genik, R. J. ; Genser, K. ; Gerber, C. E. ; Gibbard, B. ; Glaubman, M. ; Glebov, V. ; Glenn, S. ; Glicenstein, J. F. ; Gobbi, B. ; Goforth, M. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Gomez, B. ; Goncharov, P. I. ; Gordon, H. ; Goss, L. T. ; Graf, N. ; Grannis, P. D. ; Green, D. R. ; Green, J. ; Greenlee, H. ; Griffin, G. ; Grossman, N. ; Grudberg, P. ; Grünendahl, S. ; Guida, J. A. ; Guida, J. M. ; Guryn, W. ; Gurzhiev, S. N. ; Gutnikov, Y. E. ; Hadley, N. J. ; Haggerty, H. ; Hagopian, S. ; Hagopian, V. ; Hahn, K. S. ; Hall, R. E. ; Hansen, S. ; Hatcher, R. ; Hauptman, J. M. ; Hedin, D. ; Heinson, A. P. ; Heintz, U. ; Hernandez-Montoya, R. ; Heuring, T. ; Hirosky, R. ; Hobbs, J. D. ; Hoeneisen, B. ; Hoftun, J. S. ; Hsieh, F. ; Hu, Ting ; Hu, Tong ; Huehn, T. ; Igarashi, S. ; Ito, A. S. ; James, E. ; Jaques, J. ; Jerger, S. A. ; Jiang, J. Z Y ; Joffe-Minor, T. ; Johari, H. ; Johns, K. ; Johnson, M. ; Johnstad, H. ; Jonckheere, A. ; Jöstlein, H. ; Jun, S. Y. ; Jung, C. K. ; Kahn, S. ; Kang, J. S. ; Kehoe, R. ; Kelly, M. ; Kernan, A. ; Kerth, L. ; Kim, C. L. ; Kim, S. K. ; Klatchko, A. ; Klima, B. ; Klochkov, B. I. ; Klopfenstein, C. ; Klyukhin, V. I. ; Kochetkov, V. I. ; Kohli, J. M. ; Koltick, D. ; Kostritskiy, A. V. ; Kotcher, J. ; Kourlas, J. ; Kozelov, A. V. ; Kozlovski, E. A. ; Krishnaswamy, M. R. ; Krzywdzinski, S. ; Kunori, S. ; Lami, S. ; Landsberg, G. ; Lanou, R. E. ; Lebrat, J. F. ; Lee-Franzini, J. ; Leflat, A. ; Li, H. ; Li, J. ; Li, Y. K. ; Li-Demarteau, Q. Z. ; Lima, J. G R ; Lincoln, D. ; Linn, S. L. ; Linnemann, J. ; Lipton, R. ; Liu, Y. C. ; Lobkowicz, F. ; Loken, S. C. ; Lökös, S. ; Lueking, L. ; Lyon, A. L. ; MacIel, A. K A ; Madaras, R. J. ; Madden, R. ; Mandrichenko, I. V. ; Mangeot, Ph ; Mani, S. ; Mansoulié, B. ; Mao, H. S. ; Margulies, S. ; Markeloff, R. ; Markosky, L. ; Marshall, T. ; Martin, M. I. ; Marx, M. ; May, B. ; Mayorov, A. A. ; McCarthy, R. ; McKibben, T. ; McKinley, J. ; Melanson, H. L. ; De Mello Neto, J. R T ; Merritt, K. W. ; Miettinen, H. ; Milder, A. ; Milner, C. ; Mincer, A. ; De Miranda, J. M. ; Mishra, C. S. ; Mohammadi-Baarmand, M. ; Mokhov, N. ; Mondal, N. K. ; Montgomery, H. E. ; Mooney, P. ; Mudan, M. ; Murphy, C. ; Murphy, C. T. ; Nang, F. ; Narain, M. ; Narasimham, V. S. ; Narayanan, A. ; Neal, H. A. ; Negret, J. P. ; Neis, E. ; Nemethy, P. ; Neić, D. ; Norman, D. ; Oesch, L. ; Oguri, V. ; Oltman, E. ; Oshima, N. ; Owen, D. ; Padley, P. ; Pang, M. ; Para, A. ; Park, C. H. ; Park, Y. M. ; Partridge, R. ; Parua, N. ; Paterno, M. ; Perkins, J. ; Peryshkin, A. ; Peters, M. ; Piekarz, H. ; Pischalnikov, Y. ; Pluquet, A. ; Podstavkov, V. M. ; Pope, B. G. ; Prosper, H. B. ; Protopopescu, S. ; Pueljić, D. ; Qian, J. ; Quintas, P. Z. ; Raja, R. ; Rajagopalan, S. ; Ramirez, O. ; Rao, M. V S ; Rapidis, P. A. ; Rasmussen, L. ; Read, A. L. ; Reucroft, S. ; Rijssenbeek, M. ; Rockwell, T. ; Roe, N. A. ; Roldan, J. M R ; Rubinov, P. ; Ruchti, R. ; Rusin, S. ; Rutherfoord, J. ; Santoro, A. ; Sawyer, L. ; Schamberger, R. D. ; Schellman, H. ; Schmid, D. ; Sculli, J. ; Shabalina, E. ; Shaffer, C. ; Shankar, H. C. ; Shivpuri, R. K. ; Shupe, M. ; Singh, J. B. ; Sirotenko, V. ; Smart, W. ; Smith, A. ; Smith, R. P. ; Snihur, R. ; Snow, G. R. ; Snyder, S. ; Solomon, J. ; Sood, P. M. ; Sosebee, M. ; Souza, M. ; Spadafora, A. L. ; Stephens, R. W. ; Stevenson, M. L. ; Stewart, D. ; Stocker, F. ; Stoianova, D. A. ; Stoker, D. ; Streets, K. ; Strovink, M. ; Taketani, A. ; Tamburello, P. ; Tarazi, J. ; Tartaglia, M. ; Taylor, T. L. ; Teiger, J. ; Thompson, J. ; Trippe, T. G. ; Tuts, P. M. ; Varelas, N. ; Varnes, E. W. ; Virador, P. R G ; Vititoe, D. ; Volkov, A. A. ; Von Goeler, E. ; Vorobiev, A. P. ; Wahl, H. D. ; Wang, J. ; Wang, L. Z. ; Warchol, J. ; Wayne, M. ; Weerts, H. ; Wenzel, W. A. ; White, A. ; White, J. T. ; Wightman, J. A. ; Wilcox, J. ; Willis, S. ; Wimpenny, S. J. ; Wirjawan, J. V D ; Wolf, Z. ; Womersley, J. ; Won, E. ; Wood, D. R. ; Xu, H. ; Yamada, R. ; Yamin, P. ; Yanagisawa, C. ; Yang, J. ; Yasuda, T. ; Yoshikawa, C. ; Youssef, S. ; Yu, J. ; Yu, Y. ; Zhang, Y. ; Zhou, Y. H. ; Zhu, Q. ; Zhu, Y. S. ; Zhu, Z. H. ; Zieminska, D. ; Zieminski, A. ; Zinchenko, A. ; Zylberstejn, A. / Observation of the top quark. In: Physical Review Letters. 1995 ; Vol. 74, No. 14. pp. 2632-2637.
    @article{82b8c70c30fa489caf0d557cd9c71505,
    title = "Observation of the top quark",
    abstract = "The D0 Collaboration reports on a search for the standard model top quark in pp̄ collisions at s=1.8TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron with an integrated luminosity of approximately 50 pb-1. We have searched for tt̄ production in the dilepton and single-lepton decay channels with and without tagging of b-quark jets. We observed 17 events with an expected background of 3.8±0.6 events. The probability for an upward fluctuation of the background to produce the observed signal is 2×10-6 (equivalent to 4.6 standard deviations). The kinematic properties of the excess events are consistent with top quark decay. We conclude that we have observed the top quark and measured its mass to be 199-21+19 (stat) ±22 (syst) GeV/c2 and its production cross section to be 6.4±2.2 pb.",
    author = "S. Abachi and B. Abbott and M. Abolins and Acharya, {B. S.} and I. Adam and Adams, {D. L.} and M. Adams and S. Ahn and H. Aihara and J. Alitti and G. Alvarez and Alves, {G. A.} and E. Amidi and N. Amos and Anderson, {E. W.} and Aronson, {S. H.} and R. Astur and Avery, {R. E.} and A. Baden and V. Balamurali and J. Balderston and B. Baldin and J. Bantly and Bartlett, {J. F.} and K. Bazizi and J. Bendich and Beri, {S. B.} and I. Bertram and Bezzubov, {V. A.} and Bhat, {P. C.} and V. Bhatnagar and M. Bhattacharjee and A. Bischoff and N. Biswas and G. Blazey and S. Blessing and A. Boehnlein and Bojko, {N. I.} and F. Borcherding and J. Borders and C. Boswell and A. Brandt and R. Brock and A. Bross and D. Buchholz and Burtovoi, {V. S.} and Butler, {J. M.} and D. Casey and H. Castilla-Valdez and D. Chakraborty and Chang, {S. M.} and Chekulaev, {S. V.} and Chen, {L. P.} and W. Chen and L. Chevalier and S. Chopra and Choudhary, {B. C.} and Christenson, {J. H.} and M. Chung and D. Claes and Clark, {A. R.} and Cobau, {W. G.} and J. Cochran and Cooper, {W. E.} and C. Cretsinger and D. Cullen-Vidal and M. Cummings and D. Cutts and Dahl, {O. I.} and K. De and M. Demarteau and R. Demina and K. Denisenko and N. Denisenko and D. Denisov and Denisov, {S. P.} and W. Dharmaratna and Diehl, {H. T.} and M. Diesburg and {Di Loreto}, G. and R. Dixon and P. Draper and J. Drinkard and Y. Ducros and Dugad, {S. R.} and S. Durston-Johnson and D. Edmunds and Efimov, {A. O.} and J. Ellison and Elvira, {V. D.} and R. Engelmann and S. Eno and G. Eppley and P. Ermolov and Eroshin, {O. V.} and Evdokimov, {V. N.} and S. Fahey and T. Fahland and M. Fatyga and Fatyga, {M. K.} and J. Featherly and S. Feher and D. Fein and T. Ferbel and G. Finocchiaro and Fisk, {H. E.} and Yu Fisyak and E. Flattum and Forden, {G. E.} and M. Fortner and Frame, {K. C.} and P. Franzini and S. Fredriksen and S. Fuess and Galjaev, {A. N.} and E. Gallas and Gao, {C. S.} and S. Gao and Geld, {T. L.} and Genik, {R. J.} and K. Genser and Gerber, {C. E.} and B. Gibbard and M. Glaubman and V. Glebov and S. Glenn and Glicenstein, {J. F.} and B. Gobbi and M. Goforth and A. Goldschmidt and B. Gomez and Goncharov, {P. I.} and H. Gordon and Goss, {L. T.} and N. Graf and Grannis, {P. D.} and Green, {D. R.} and J. Green and H. Greenlee and G. Griffin and N. Grossman and P. Grudberg and S. Gr{\"u}nendahl and Guida, {J. A.} and Guida, {J. M.} and W. Guryn and Gurzhiev, {S. N.} and Gutnikov, {Y. E.} and Hadley, {N. J.} and H. Haggerty and S. Hagopian and V. Hagopian and Hahn, {K. S.} and Hall, {R. E.} and S. Hansen and R. Hatcher and Hauptman, {J. M.} and D. Hedin and Heinson, {A. P.} and U. Heintz and R. Hernandez-Montoya and T. Heuring and R. Hirosky and Hobbs, {J. D.} and B. Hoeneisen and Hoftun, {J. S.} and F. Hsieh and Ting Hu and Tong Hu and T. Huehn and S. Igarashi and Ito, {A. S.} and E. James and J. Jaques and Jerger, {S. A.} and Jiang, {J. Z Y} and T. Joffe-Minor and H. Johari and K. Johns and M. Johnson and H. Johnstad and A. Jonckheere and H. J{\"o}stlein and Jun, {S. Y.} and Jung, {C. K.} and S. Kahn and Kang, {J. S.} and R. Kehoe and M. Kelly and A. Kernan and L. Kerth and Kim, {C. L.} and Kim, {S. K.} and A. Klatchko and B. Klima and Klochkov, {B. I.} and C. Klopfenstein and Klyukhin, {V. I.} and Kochetkov, {V. I.} and Kohli, {J. M.} and D. Koltick and Kostritskiy, {A. V.} and J. Kotcher and J. Kourlas and Kozelov, {A. V.} and Kozlovski, {E. A.} and Krishnaswamy, {M. R.} and S. Krzywdzinski and S. Kunori and S. Lami and G. Landsberg and Lanou, {R. E.} and Lebrat, {J. F.} and J. Lee-Franzini and A. Leflat and H. Li and J. Li and Li, {Y. K.} and Li-Demarteau, {Q. Z.} and Lima, {J. G R} and D. Lincoln and Linn, {S. L.} and J. Linnemann and R. Lipton and Liu, {Y. C.} and F. Lobkowicz and Loken, {S. C.} and S. L{\"o}k{\"o}s and L. Lueking and Lyon, {A. L.} and MacIel, {A. K A} and Madaras, {R. J.} and R. Madden and Mandrichenko, {I. V.} and Ph Mangeot and S. Mani and B. Mansouli{\'e} and Mao, {H. S.} and S. Margulies and R. Markeloff and L. Markosky and T. Marshall and Martin, {M. I.} and M. Marx and B. May and Mayorov, {A. A.} and R. McCarthy and T. McKibben and J. McKinley and Melanson, {H. L.} and {De Mello Neto}, {J. R T} and Merritt, {K. W.} and H. Miettinen and A. Milder and C. Milner and A. Mincer and {De Miranda}, {J. M.} and Mishra, {C. S.} and M. Mohammadi-Baarmand and N. Mokhov and Mondal, {N. K.} and Montgomery, {H. E.} and P. Mooney and M. Mudan and C. Murphy and Murphy, {C. T.} and F. Nang and M. Narain and Narasimham, {V. S.} and A. Narayanan and Neal, {H. A.} and Negret, {J. P.} and E. Neis and P. Nemethy and D. Neić and D. Norman and L. Oesch and V. Oguri and E. Oltman and N. Oshima and D. Owen and P. Padley and M. Pang and A. Para and Park, {C. H.} and Park, {Y. M.} and R. Partridge and N. Parua and M. Paterno and J. Perkins and A. Peryshkin and M. Peters and H. Piekarz and Y. Pischalnikov and A. Pluquet and Podstavkov, {V. M.} and Pope, {B. G.} and Prosper, {H. B.} and S. Protopopescu and D. Pueljić and J. Qian and Quintas, {P. Z.} and R. Raja and S. Rajagopalan and O. Ramirez and Rao, {M. V S} and Rapidis, {P. A.} and L. Rasmussen and Read, {A. L.} and S. Reucroft and M. Rijssenbeek and T. Rockwell and Roe, {N. A.} and Roldan, {J. M R} and P. Rubinov and R. Ruchti and S. Rusin and J. Rutherfoord and A. Santoro and L. Sawyer and Schamberger, {R. D.} and H. Schellman and D. Schmid and J. Sculli and E. Shabalina and C. Shaffer and Shankar, {H. C.} and Shivpuri, {R. K.} and M. Shupe and Singh, {J. B.} and V. Sirotenko and W. Smart and A. Smith and Smith, {R. P.} and R. Snihur and Snow, {G. R.} and S. Snyder and J. Solomon and Sood, {P. M.} and M. Sosebee and M. Souza and Spadafora, {A. L.} and Stephens, {R. W.} and Stevenson, {M. L.} and D. Stewart and F. Stocker and Stoianova, {D. A.} and D. Stoker and K. Streets and M. Strovink and A. Taketani and P. Tamburello and J. Tarazi and M. Tartaglia and Taylor, {T. L.} and J. Teiger and J. Thompson and Trippe, {T. G.} and Tuts, {P. M.} and N. Varelas and Varnes, {E. W.} and Virador, {P. R G} and D. Vititoe and Volkov, {A. A.} and {Von Goeler}, E. and Vorobiev, {A. P.} and Wahl, {H. D.} and J. Wang and Wang, {L. Z.} and J. Warchol and M. Wayne and H. Weerts and Wenzel, {W. A.} and A. White and White, {J. T.} and Wightman, {J. A.} and J. Wilcox and S. Willis and Wimpenny, {S. J.} and Wirjawan, {J. V D} and Z. Wolf and J. Womersley and E. Won and Wood, {D. R.} and H. Xu and R. Yamada and P. Yamin and C. Yanagisawa and J. Yang and T. Yasuda and C. Yoshikawa and S. Youssef and J. Yu and Y. Yu and Y. Zhang and Zhou, {Y. H.} and Q. Zhu and Zhu, {Y. S.} and Zhu, {Z. H.} and D. Zieminska and A. Zieminski and A. Zinchenko and A. Zylberstejn",
    year = "1995",
    doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2632",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "74",
    pages = "2632--2637",
    journal = "Physical Review Letters",
    issn = "0031-9007",
    publisher = "American Physical Society",
    number = "14",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Observation of the top quark

    AU - Abachi, S.

    AU - Abbott, B.

    AU - Abolins, M.

    AU - Acharya, B. S.

    AU - Adam, I.

    AU - Adams, D. L.

    AU - Adams, M.

    AU - Ahn, S.

    AU - Aihara, H.

    AU - Alitti, J.

    AU - Alvarez, G.

    AU - Alves, G. A.

    AU - Amidi, E.

    AU - Amos, N.

    AU - Anderson, E. W.

    AU - Aronson, S. H.

    AU - Astur, R.

    AU - Avery, R. E.

    AU - Baden, A.

    AU - Balamurali, V.

    AU - Balderston, J.

    AU - Baldin, B.

    AU - Bantly, J.

    AU - Bartlett, J. F.

    AU - Bazizi, K.

    AU - Bendich, J.

    AU - Beri, S. B.

    AU - Bertram, I.

    AU - Bezzubov, V. A.

    AU - Bhat, P. C.

    AU - Bhatnagar, V.

    AU - Bhattacharjee, M.

    AU - Bischoff, A.

    AU - Biswas, N.

    AU - Blazey, G.

    AU - Blessing, S.

    AU - Boehnlein, A.

    AU - Bojko, N. I.

    AU - Borcherding, F.

    AU - Borders, J.

    AU - Boswell, C.

    AU - Brandt, A.

    AU - Brock, R.

    AU - Bross, A.

    AU - Buchholz, D.

    AU - Burtovoi, V. S.

    AU - Butler, J. M.

    AU - Casey, D.

    AU - Castilla-Valdez, H.

    AU - Chakraborty, D.

    AU - Chang, S. M.

    AU - Chekulaev, S. V.

    AU - Chen, L. P.

    AU - Chen, W.

    AU - Chevalier, L.

    AU - Chopra, S.

    AU - Choudhary, B. C.

    AU - Christenson, J. H.

    AU - Chung, M.

    AU - Claes, D.

    AU - Clark, A. R.

    AU - Cobau, W. G.

    AU - Cochran, J.

    AU - Cooper, W. E.

    AU - Cretsinger, C.

    AU - Cullen-Vidal, D.

    AU - Cummings, M.

    AU - Cutts, D.

    AU - Dahl, O. I.

    AU - De, K.

    AU - Demarteau, M.

    AU - Demina, R.

    AU - Denisenko, K.

    AU - Denisenko, N.

    AU - Denisov, D.

    AU - Denisov, S. P.

    AU - Dharmaratna, W.

    AU - Diehl, H. T.

    AU - Diesburg, M.

    AU - Di Loreto, G.

    AU - Dixon, R.

    AU - Draper, P.

    AU - Drinkard, J.

    AU - Ducros, Y.

    AU - Dugad, S. R.

    AU - Durston-Johnson, S.

    AU - Edmunds, D.

    AU - Efimov, A. O.

    AU - Ellison, J.

    AU - Elvira, V. D.

    AU - Engelmann, R.

    AU - Eno, S.

    AU - Eppley, G.

    AU - Ermolov, P.

    AU - Eroshin, O. V.

    AU - Evdokimov, V. N.

    AU - Fahey, S.

    AU - Fahland, T.

    AU - Fatyga, M.

    AU - Fatyga, M. K.

    AU - Featherly, J.

    AU - Feher, S.

    AU - Fein, D.

    AU - Ferbel, T.

    AU - Finocchiaro, G.

    AU - Fisk, H. E.

    AU - Fisyak, Yu

    AU - Flattum, E.

    AU - Forden, G. E.

    AU - Fortner, M.

    AU - Frame, K. C.

    AU - Franzini, P.

    AU - Fredriksen, S.

    AU - Fuess, S.

    AU - Galjaev, A. N.

    AU - Gallas, E.

    AU - Gao, C. S.

    AU - Gao, S.

    AU - Geld, T. L.

    AU - Genik, R. J.

    AU - Genser, K.

    AU - Gerber, C. E.

    AU - Gibbard, B.

    AU - Glaubman, M.

    AU - Glebov, V.

    AU - Glenn, S.

    AU - Glicenstein, J. F.

    AU - Gobbi, B.

    AU - Goforth, M.

    AU - Goldschmidt, A.

    AU - Gomez, B.

    AU - Goncharov, P. I.

    AU - Gordon, H.

    AU - Goss, L. T.

    AU - Graf, N.

    AU - Grannis, P. D.

    AU - Green, D. R.

    AU - Green, J.

    AU - Greenlee, H.

    AU - Griffin, G.

    AU - Grossman, N.

    AU - Grudberg, P.

    AU - Grünendahl, S.

    AU - Guida, J. A.

    AU - Guida, J. M.

    AU - Guryn, W.

    AU - Gurzhiev, S. N.

    AU - Gutnikov, Y. E.

    AU - Hadley, N. J.

    AU - Haggerty, H.

    AU - Hagopian, S.

    AU - Hagopian, V.

    AU - Hahn, K. S.

    AU - Hall, R. E.

    AU - Hansen, S.

    AU - Hatcher, R.

    AU - Hauptman, J. M.

    AU - Hedin, D.

    AU - Heinson, A. P.

    AU - Heintz, U.

    AU - Hernandez-Montoya, R.

    AU - Heuring, T.

    AU - Hirosky, R.

    AU - Hobbs, J. D.

    AU - Hoeneisen, B.

    AU - Hoftun, J. S.

    AU - Hsieh, F.

    AU - Hu, Ting

    AU - Hu, Tong

    AU - Huehn, T.

    AU - Igarashi, S.

    AU - Ito, A. S.

    AU - James, E.

    AU - Jaques, J.

    AU - Jerger, S. A.

    AU - Jiang, J. Z Y

    AU - Joffe-Minor, T.

    AU - Johari, H.

    AU - Johns, K.

    AU - Johnson, M.

    AU - Johnstad, H.

    AU - Jonckheere, A.

    AU - Jöstlein, H.

    AU - Jun, S. Y.

    AU - Jung, C. K.

    AU - Kahn, S.

    AU - Kang, J. S.

    AU - Kehoe, R.

    AU - Kelly, M.

    AU - Kernan, A.

    AU - Kerth, L.

    AU - Kim, C. L.

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    PY - 1995

    Y1 - 1995

    N2 - The D0 Collaboration reports on a search for the standard model top quark in pp̄ collisions at s=1.8TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron with an integrated luminosity of approximately 50 pb-1. We have searched for tt̄ production in the dilepton and single-lepton decay channels with and without tagging of b-quark jets. We observed 17 events with an expected background of 3.8±0.6 events. The probability for an upward fluctuation of the background to produce the observed signal is 2×10-6 (equivalent to 4.6 standard deviations). The kinematic properties of the excess events are consistent with top quark decay. We conclude that we have observed the top quark and measured its mass to be 199-21+19 (stat) ±22 (syst) GeV/c2 and its production cross section to be 6.4±2.2 pb.

    AB - The D0 Collaboration reports on a search for the standard model top quark in pp̄ collisions at s=1.8TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron with an integrated luminosity of approximately 50 pb-1. We have searched for tt̄ production in the dilepton and single-lepton decay channels with and without tagging of b-quark jets. We observed 17 events with an expected background of 3.8±0.6 events. The probability for an upward fluctuation of the background to produce the observed signal is 2×10-6 (equivalent to 4.6 standard deviations). The kinematic properties of the excess events are consistent with top quark decay. We conclude that we have observed the top quark and measured its mass to be 199-21+19 (stat) ±22 (syst) GeV/c2 and its production cross section to be 6.4±2.2 pb.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=4244105738&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=4244105738&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2632

    DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2632

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:4244105738

    VL - 74

    SP - 2632

    EP - 2637

    JO - Physical Review Letters

    JF - Physical Review Letters

    SN - 0031-9007

    IS - 14

    ER -