Observation of the cosmic-ray shadow of the Moon with IceCube

M. G. Aartsen, R. Abbasi, Y. Abdou, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, D. Altmann, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, M. Baker, S. W. Barwick, V. Baum, R. Bay, J. J. Beatty, S. Bechet, J. Becker Tjus, K. H. Becker, M. Bell, Mohamed Lotfi Benabderrhmane & 262 others S. Benzvi, J. Berdermann, P. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, A. Bernhard, D. Bertrand, D. Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, J. Blumenthal, D. J. Boersma, S. Bohaichuk, C. Bohm, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, L. Brayeur, H. P. Bretz, A. M. Brown, R. Bruijn, J. Brunner, M. Carson, J. Casey, M. Casier, D. Chirkin, A. Christov, B. Christy, K. Clark, F. Clevermann, S. Coenders, S. Cohen, D. F. Cowen, A. H. Cruz Silva, M. Danninger, J. Daughhetee, J. C. Davis, C. De Clercq, S. De Ridder, P. Desiati, M. De With, T. Deyoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, M. Dunkman, R. Eagan, B. Eberhardt, J. Eisch, R. W. Ellsworth, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, A. Fedynitch, J. Feintzeig, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, T. Fischer-Wasels, S. Flis, A. Franckowiak, R. Franke, K. Frantzen, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, G. Golup, J. G. Gonzalez, J. A. Goodman, D. Góra, D. T. Grandmont, D. Grant, A. Groß, C. Ha, A. Haj Ismail, P. Hallen, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, D. Heereman, D. Heinen, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, W. Huelsnitz, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, J. Jacobsen, K. Jagielski, G. S. Japaridze, K. Jero, O. Jlelati, B. Kaminsky, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, J. L. Kelley, J. Kiryluk, F. Kislat, J. Kläs, S. R. Klein, J. H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, M. Krasberg, K. Krings, G. Kroll, J. Kunnen, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, H. Landsman, M. J. Larson, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, M. Leuermann, J. Leute, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, F. McNally, K. Meagher, M. Merck, P. Mészáros, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, E. Middell, N. Milke, J. Miller, L. Mohrmann, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, H. Niederhausen, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, M. Olivo, A. O'Murchadha, L. Paul, J. A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, C. Pfendner, D. Pieloth, E. Pinat, N. Pirk, J. Posselt, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, L. Rädel, M. Rameez, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, R. Reimann, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, M. Richman, B. Riedel, J. P. Rodrigues, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, S. M. Saba, T. Salameh, H. G. Sander, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, K. Schatto, M. Scheel, F. Scheriau, T. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, A. Schönwald, A. Schukraft, L. Schulte, O. Schulz, D. Seckel, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, C. Sheremata, M. W.E. Smith., D. Soldin, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, E. A. Strahler, R. Ström, G. W. Sullivan, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, A. Tepe, S. Ter-Antonyan, G. Tešić, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, S. Toscano, M. Usner, D. Van Der Drift, N. Van Eijndhoven, A. Van Overloop, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, M. Vraeghe, C. Walck, T. Waldenmaier, M. Wallraff, R. Wasserman, Ch Weaver, M. Wellons, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, N. Whitehorn, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, D. R. Williams, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, C. Xu, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky, J. Ziemann, S. Zierke, M. Zoll

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We report on the observation of a significant deficit of cosmic rays from the direction of the Moon with the IceCube detector. The study of this "Moon shadow" is used to characterize the angular resolution and absolute pointing capabilities of the detector. The detection is based on data taken in two periods before the completion of the detector: between April 2008 and May 2009, when IceCube operated in a partial configuration with 40 detector strings deployed in the South Pole ice, and between May 2009 and May 2010 when the detector operated with 59 strings. Using two independent analysis methods, the Moon shadow has been observed to high significance (>6σ) in both detector configurations. The observed location of the shadow center is within 0.2° of its expected position when geomagnetic deflection effects are taken into account. This measurement validates the directional reconstruction capabilities of IceCube.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number102004
    JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
    Volume89
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 28 2014

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    moon
    cosmic rays
    detectors
    strings
    configurations
    angular resolution
    deflection
    ice
    poles

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

    Cite this

    Aartsen, M. G., Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., ... Zoll, M. (2014). Observation of the cosmic-ray shadow of the Moon with IceCube. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 89(10), [102004]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.89.102004

    Observation of the cosmic-ray shadow of the Moon with IceCube. / Aartsen, M. G.; Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Altmann, D.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker Tjus, J.; Becker, K. H.; Bell, M.; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed; Benzvi, S.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bernhard, A.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohaichuk, S.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brayeur, L.; Bretz, H. P.; Brown, A. M.; Bruijn, R.; Brunner, J.; Carson, M.; Casey, J.; Casier, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christov, A.; Christy, B.; Clark, K.; Clevermann, F.; Coenders, S.; Cohen, S.; Cowen, D. F.; Cruz Silva, A. H.; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; De Clercq, C.; De Ridder, S.; Desiati, P.; De With, M.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dunkman, M.; Eagan, R.; Eberhardt, B.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Flis, S.; Franckowiak, A.; Franke, R.; Frantzen, K.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Golup, G.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Goodman, J. A.; Góra, D.; Grandmont, D. T.; Grant, D.; Groß, A.; Ha, C.; Haj Ismail, A.; Hallen, P.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Heereman, D.; Heinen, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Jacobsen, J.; Jagielski, K.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jero, K.; Jlelati, O.; Kaminsky, B.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kiryluk, J.; Kislat, F.; Kläs, J.; Klein, S. R.; Köhne, J. H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krasberg, M.; Krings, K.; Kroll, G.; Kunnen, J.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Landsman, H.; Larson, M. J.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Leuermann, M.; Leute, J.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Mészáros, P.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Mohrmann, L.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Niederhausen, H.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Obertacke, A.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Olivo, M.; O'Murchadha, A.; Paul, L.; Pepper, J. A.; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Pfendner, C.; Pieloth, D.; Pinat, E.; Pirk, N.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rädel, L.; Rameez, M.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Reimann, R.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richman, M.; Riedel, B.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Saba, S. M.; Salameh, T.; Sander, H. G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Scheel, M.; Scheriau, F.; Schmidt, T.; Schmitz, M.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schulte, L.; Schulz, O.; Seckel, D.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Sheremata, C.; Smith., M. W.E.; Soldin, D.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Strahler, E. A.; Ström, R.; Sullivan, G. W.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Tepe, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Tešić, G.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Toscano, S.; Usner, M.; Van Der Drift, D.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Van Overloop, A.; Van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Vraeghe, M.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Wallraff, M.; Wasserman, R.; Weaver, Ch; Wellons, M.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Williams, D. R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, C.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Ziemann, J.; Zierke, S.; Zoll, M.

    In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 89, No. 10, 102004, 28.05.2014.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Aartsen, MG, Abbasi, R, Abdou, Y, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Altmann, D, Auffenberg, J, Bai, X, Baker, M, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beatty, JJ, Bechet, S, Becker Tjus, J, Becker, KH, Bell, M, Lotfi Benabderrhmane, M, Benzvi, S, Berdermann, J, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bernhard, A, Bertrand, D, Besson, DZ, Binder, G, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blumenthal, J, Boersma, DJ, Bohaichuk, S, Bohm, C, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Brayeur, L, Bretz, HP, Brown, AM, Bruijn, R, Brunner, J, Carson, M, Casey, J, Casier, M, Chirkin, D, Christov, A, Christy, B, Clark, K, Clevermann, F, Coenders, S, Cohen, S, Cowen, DF, Cruz Silva, AH, Danninger, M, Daughhetee, J, Davis, JC, De Clercq, C, De Ridder, S, Desiati, P, De With, M, Deyoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dunkman, M, Eagan, R, Eberhardt, B, Eisch, J, Ellsworth, RW, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fadiran, O, Fazely, AR, Fedynitch, A, Feintzeig, J, Feusels, T, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Fischer-Wasels, T, Flis, S, Franckowiak, A, Franke, R, Frantzen, K, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Gladstone, L, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Golup, G, Gonzalez, JG, Goodman, JA, Góra, D, Grandmont, DT, Grant, D, Groß, A, Ha, C, Haj Ismail, A, Hallen, P, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Heereman, D, Heinen, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Hickford, S, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Homeier, A, Hoshina, K, Huelsnitz, W, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hussain, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Jacobsen, J, Jagielski, K, Japaridze, GS, Jero, K, Jlelati, O, Kaminsky, B, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Kelley, JL, Kiryluk, J, Kislat, F, Kläs, J, Klein, SR, Köhne, JH, Kohnen, G, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krasberg, M, Krings, K, Kroll, G, Kunnen, J, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Landsman, H, Larson, MJ, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Leuermann, M, Leute, J, Lünemann, J, Madsen, J, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, HS, McNally, F, Meagher, K, Merck, M, Mészáros, P, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Middell, E, Milke, N, Miller, J, Mohrmann, L, Montaruli, T, Morse, R, Nahnhauer, R, Naumann, U, Niederhausen, H, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Obertacke, A, Odrowski, S, Olivas, A, Olivo, M, O'Murchadha, A, Paul, L, Pepper, JA, Pérez De Los Heros, C, Pfendner, C, Pieloth, D, Pinat, E, Pirk, N, Posselt, J, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rädel, L, Rameez, M, Rawlins, K, Redl, P, Reimann, R, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richman, M, Riedel, B, Rodrigues, JP, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ruzybayev, B, Ryckbosch, D, Saba, SM, Salameh, T, Sander, HG, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Schatto, K, Scheel, M, Scheriau, F, Schmidt, T, Schmitz, M, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schönwald, A, Schukraft, A, Schulte, L, Schulz, O, Seckel, D, Sestayo, Y, Seunarine, S, Sheremata, C, Smith., MWE, Soldin, D, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Strahler, EA, Ström, R, Sullivan, GW, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tamburro, A, Tepe, A, Ter-Antonyan, S, Tešić, G, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Toscano, S, Usner, M, Van Der Drift, D, Van Eijndhoven, N, Van Overloop, A, Van Santen, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Vraeghe, M, Walck, C, Waldenmaier, T, Wallraff, M, Wasserman, R, Weaver, C, Wellons, M, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whitehorn, N, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Williams, DR, Wissing, H, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woschnagg, K, Xu, C, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Zarzhitsky, P, Ziemann, J, Zierke, S & Zoll, M 2014, 'Observation of the cosmic-ray shadow of the Moon with IceCube', Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, vol. 89, no. 10, 102004. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.89.102004
    Aartsen, M. G. ; Abbasi, R. ; Abdou, Y. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Altmann, D. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Bai, X. ; Baker, M. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Bechet, S. ; Becker Tjus, J. ; Becker, K. H. ; Bell, M. ; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed ; Benzvi, S. ; Berdermann, J. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bernhard, A. ; Bertrand, D. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Binder, G. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blumenthal, J. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohaichuk, S. ; Bohm, C. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Brayeur, L. ; Bretz, H. P. ; Brown, A. M. ; Bruijn, R. ; Brunner, J. ; Carson, M. ; Casey, J. ; Casier, M. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christov, A. ; Christy, B. ; Clark, K. ; Clevermann, F. ; Coenders, S. ; Cohen, S. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Cruz Silva, A. H. ; Danninger, M. ; Daughhetee, J. ; Davis, J. C. ; De Clercq, C. ; De Ridder, S. ; Desiati, P. ; De With, M. ; Deyoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eagan, R. ; Eberhardt, B. ; Eisch, J. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fadiran, O. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Fedynitch, A. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Feusels, T. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Fischer-Wasels, T. ; Flis, S. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Franke, R. ; Frantzen, K. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Golup, G. ; Gonzalez, J. G. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Góra, D. ; Grandmont, D. T. ; Grant, D. ; Groß, A. ; Ha, C. ; Haj Ismail, A. ; Hallen, P. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Heereman, D. ; Heinen, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Hickford, S. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Homeier, A. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huelsnitz, W. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hussain, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Jagielski, K. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jero, K. ; Jlelati, O. ; Kaminsky, B. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Kelley, J. L. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kislat, F. ; Kläs, J. ; Klein, S. R. ; Köhne, J. H. ; Kohnen, G. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krasberg, M. ; Krings, K. ; Kroll, G. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Landsman, H. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Leuermann, M. ; Leute, J. ; Lünemann, J. ; Madsen, J. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. S. ; McNally, F. ; Meagher, K. ; Merck, M. ; Mészáros, P. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Middell, E. ; Milke, N. ; Miller, J. ; Mohrmann, L. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morse, R. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Naumann, U. ; Niederhausen, H. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Obertacke, A. ; Odrowski, S. ; Olivas, A. ; Olivo, M. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Paul, L. ; Pepper, J. A. ; Pérez De Los Heros, C. ; Pfendner, C. ; Pieloth, D. ; Pinat, E. ; Pirk, N. ; Posselt, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rädel, L. ; Rameez, M. ; Rawlins, K. ; Redl, P. ; Reimann, R. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richman, M. ; Riedel, B. ; Rodrigues, J. P. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ruzybayev, B. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Saba, S. M. ; Salameh, T. ; Sander, H. G. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Schatto, K. ; Scheel, M. ; Scheriau, F. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schmitz, M. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schönwald, A. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schulte, L. ; Schulz, O. ; Seckel, D. ; Sestayo, Y. ; Seunarine, S. ; Sheremata, C. ; Smith., M. W.E. ; Soldin, D. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Strahler, E. A. ; Ström, R. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tamburro, A. ; Tepe, A. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Tešić, G. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Toscano, S. ; Usner, M. ; Van Der Drift, D. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Van Overloop, A. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Vraeghe, M. ; Walck, C. ; Waldenmaier, T. ; Wallraff, M. ; Wasserman, R. ; Weaver, Ch ; Wellons, M. ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wissing, H. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, C. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zarzhitsky, P. ; Ziemann, J. ; Zierke, S. ; Zoll, M. / Observation of the cosmic-ray shadow of the Moon with IceCube. In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology. 2014 ; Vol. 89, No. 10.
    @article{7bb14e2dcf144f97bf34f4aa2c2a918d,
    title = "Observation of the cosmic-ray shadow of the Moon with IceCube",
    abstract = "We report on the observation of a significant deficit of cosmic rays from the direction of the Moon with the IceCube detector. The study of this {"}Moon shadow{"} is used to characterize the angular resolution and absolute pointing capabilities of the detector. The detection is based on data taken in two periods before the completion of the detector: between April 2008 and May 2009, when IceCube operated in a partial configuration with 40 detector strings deployed in the South Pole ice, and between May 2009 and May 2010 when the detector operated with 59 strings. Using two independent analysis methods, the Moon shadow has been observed to high significance (>6σ) in both detector configurations. The observed location of the shadow center is within 0.2° of its expected position when geomagnetic deflection effects are taken into account. This measurement validates the directional reconstruction capabilities of IceCube.",
    author = "Aartsen, {M. G.} and R. Abbasi and Y. Abdou and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and D. Altmann and J. Auffenberg and X. Bai and M. Baker and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and Beatty, {J. J.} and S. Bechet and {Becker Tjus}, J. and Becker, {K. H.} and M. Bell and {Lotfi Benabderrhmane}, Mohamed and S. Benzvi and J. Berdermann and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and A. Bernhard and D. Bertrand and Besson, {D. Z.} and G. Binder and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and J. Blumenthal and Boersma, {D. J.} and S. Bohaichuk and C. Bohm and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and L. Brayeur and Bretz, {H. P.} and Brown, {A. M.} and R. Bruijn and J. Brunner and M. Carson and J. Casey and M. Casier and D. Chirkin and A. Christov and B. Christy and K. Clark and F. Clevermann and S. Coenders and S. Cohen and Cowen, {D. F.} and {Cruz Silva}, {A. H.} and M. Danninger and J. Daughhetee and Davis, {J. C.} and {De Clercq}, C. and {De Ridder}, S. and P. Desiati and {De With}, M. and T. Deyoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and M. Dunkman and R. Eagan and B. Eberhardt and J. Eisch and Ellsworth, {R. W.} and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and O. Fadiran and Fazely, {A. R.} and A. Fedynitch and J. Feintzeig and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and T. Fischer-Wasels and S. Flis and A. Franckowiak and R. Franke and K. Frantzen and T. Fuchs and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and G. Golup and Gonzalez, {J. G.} and Goodman, {J. A.} and D. G{\'o}ra and Grandmont, {D. T.} and D. Grant and A. Gro{\ss} and C. Ha and {Haj Ismail}, A. and P. Hallen and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Hanson and D. Heereman and D. Heinen and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and S. Hickford and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and W. Huelsnitz and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and J. Jacobsen and K. Jagielski and Japaridze, {G. S.} and K. Jero and O. Jlelati and B. Kaminsky and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and Kelley, {J. L.} and J. Kiryluk and F. Kislat and J. Kl{\"a}s and Klein, {S. R.} and K{\"o}hne, {J. H.} and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and M. Krasberg and K. Krings and G. Kroll and J. Kunnen and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and H. Landsman and Larson, {M. J.} and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and M. Leuermann and J. Leute and J. L{\"u}nemann and J. Madsen and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and Matis, {H. S.} and F. McNally and K. Meagher and M. Merck and P. M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and E. Middell and N. Milke and J. Miller and L. Mohrmann and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and H. Niederhausen and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and A. Obertacke and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and M. Olivo and A. O'Murchadha and L. Paul and Pepper, {J. A.} and {P{\'e}rez De Los Heros}, C. and C. Pfendner and D. Pieloth and E. Pinat and N. Pirk and J. Posselt and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and L. R{\"a}del and M. Rameez and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and R. Reimann and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Ribordy and M. Richman and B. Riedel and Rodrigues, {J. P.} and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and Saba, {S. M.} and T. Salameh and Sander, {H. G.} and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and K. Schatto and M. Scheel and F. Scheriau and T. Schmidt and M. Schmitz and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and A. Sch{\"o}nwald and A. Schukraft and L. Schulte and O. Schulz and D. Seckel and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and C. Sheremata and Smith., {M. W.E.} and D. Soldin and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and Strahler, {E. A.} and R. Str{\"o}m and Sullivan, {G. W.} and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and A. Tepe and S. Ter-Antonyan and G. Tešić and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and S. Toscano and M. Usner and {Van Der Drift}, D. and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and {Van Overloop}, A. and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vehring and M. Voge and M. Vraeghe and C. Walck and T. Waldenmaier and M. Wallraff and R. Wasserman and Ch Weaver and M. Wellons and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and N. Whitehorn and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and Williams, {D. R.} and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and K. Woschnagg and C. Xu and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky and J. Ziemann and S. Zierke and M. Zoll",
    year = "2014",
    month = "5",
    day = "28",
    doi = "10.1103/PhysRevD.89.102004",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "89",
    journal = "Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology",
    issn = "1550-7998",
    number = "10",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Observation of the cosmic-ray shadow of the Moon with IceCube

    AU - Aartsen, M. G.

    AU - Abbasi, R.

    AU - Abdou, Y.

    AU - Ackermann, M.

    AU - Adams, J.

    AU - Aguilar, J. A.

    AU - Ahlers, M.

    AU - Altmann, D.

    AU - Auffenberg, J.

    AU - Bai, X.

    AU - Baker, M.

    AU - Barwick, S. W.

    AU - Baum, V.

    AU - Bay, R.

    AU - Beatty, J. J.

    AU - Bechet, S.

    AU - Becker Tjus, J.

    AU - Becker, K. H.

    AU - Bell, M.

    AU - Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed

    AU - Benzvi, S.

    AU - Berdermann, J.

    AU - Berghaus, P.

    AU - Berley, D.

    AU - Bernardini, E.

    AU - Bernhard, A.

    AU - Bertrand, D.

    AU - Besson, D. Z.

    AU - Binder, G.

    AU - Bindig, D.

    AU - Bissok, M.

    AU - Blaufuss, E.

    AU - Blumenthal, J.

    AU - Boersma, D. J.

    AU - Bohaichuk, S.

    AU - Bohm, C.

    AU - Bose, D.

    AU - Böser, S.

    AU - Botner, O.

    AU - Brayeur, L.

    AU - Bretz, H. P.

    AU - Brown, A. M.

    AU - Bruijn, R.

    AU - Brunner, J.

    AU - Carson, M.

    AU - Casey, J.

    AU - Casier, M.

    AU - Chirkin, D.

    AU - Christov, A.

    AU - Christy, B.

    AU - Clark, K.

    AU - Clevermann, F.

    AU - Coenders, S.

    AU - Cohen, S.

    AU - Cowen, D. F.

    AU - Cruz Silva, A. H.

    AU - Danninger, M.

    AU - Daughhetee, J.

    AU - Davis, J. C.

    AU - De Clercq, C.

    AU - De Ridder, S.

    AU - Desiati, P.

    AU - De With, M.

    AU - Deyoung, T.

    AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

    AU - Dunkman, M.

    AU - Eagan, R.

    AU - Eberhardt, B.

    AU - Eisch, J.

    AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

    AU - Euler, S.

    AU - Evenson, P. A.

    AU - Fadiran, O.

    AU - Fazely, A. R.

    AU - Fedynitch, A.

    AU - Feintzeig, J.

    AU - Feusels, T.

    AU - Filimonov, K.

    AU - Finley, C.

    AU - Fischer-Wasels, T.

    AU - Flis, S.

    AU - Franckowiak, A.

    AU - Franke, R.

    AU - Frantzen, K.

    AU - Fuchs, T.

    AU - Gaisser, T. K.

    AU - Gallagher, J.

    AU - Gerhardt, L.

    AU - Gladstone, L.

    AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

    AU - Goldschmidt, A.

    AU - Golup, G.

    AU - Gonzalez, J. G.

    AU - Goodman, J. A.

    AU - Góra, D.

    AU - Grandmont, D. T.

    AU - Grant, D.

    AU - Groß, A.

    AU - Ha, C.

    AU - Haj Ismail, A.

    AU - Hallen, P.

    AU - Hallgren, A.

    AU - Halzen, F.

    AU - Hanson, K.

    AU - Heereman, D.

    AU - Heinen, D.

    AU - Helbing, K.

    AU - Hellauer, R.

    AU - Hickford, S.

    AU - Hill, G. C.

    AU - Hoffman, K. D.

    AU - Hoffmann, R.

    AU - Homeier, A.

    AU - Hoshina, K.

    AU - Huelsnitz, W.

    AU - Hulth, P. O.

    AU - Hultqvist, K.

    AU - Hussain, S.

    AU - Ishihara, A.

    AU - Jacobi, E.

    AU - Jacobsen, J.

    AU - Jagielski, K.

    AU - Japaridze, G. S.

    AU - Jero, K.

    AU - Jlelati, O.

    AU - Kaminsky, B.

    AU - Kappes, A.

    AU - Karg, T.

    AU - Karle, A.

    AU - Kelley, J. L.

    AU - Kiryluk, J.

    AU - Kislat, F.

    AU - Kläs, J.

    AU - Klein, S. R.

    AU - Köhne, J. H.

    AU - Kohnen, G.

    AU - Kolanoski, H.

    AU - Köpke, L.

    AU - Kopper, C.

    AU - Kopper, S.

    AU - Koskinen, D. J.

    AU - Kowalski, M.

    AU - Krasberg, M.

    AU - Krings, K.

    AU - Kroll, G.

    AU - Kunnen, J.

    AU - Kurahashi, N.

    AU - Kuwabara, T.

    AU - Labare, M.

    AU - Landsman, H.

    AU - Larson, M. J.

    AU - Lesiak-Bzdak, M.

    AU - Leuermann, M.

    AU - Leute, J.

    AU - Lünemann, J.

    AU - Madsen, J.

    AU - Maruyama, R.

    AU - Mase, K.

    AU - Matis, H. S.

    AU - McNally, F.

    AU - Meagher, K.

    AU - Merck, M.

    AU - Mészáros, P.

    AU - Meures, T.

    AU - Miarecki, S.

    AU - Middell, E.

    AU - Milke, N.

    AU - Miller, J.

    AU - Mohrmann, L.

    AU - Montaruli, T.

    AU - Morse, R.

    AU - Nahnhauer, R.

    AU - Naumann, U.

    AU - Niederhausen, H.

    AU - Nowicki, S. C.

    AU - Nygren, D. R.

    AU - Obertacke, A.

    AU - Odrowski, S.

    AU - Olivas, A.

    AU - Olivo, M.

    AU - O'Murchadha, A.

    AU - Paul, L.

    AU - Pepper, J. A.

    AU - Pérez De Los Heros, C.

    AU - Pfendner, C.

    AU - Pieloth, D.

    AU - Pinat, E.

    AU - Pirk, N.

    AU - Posselt, J.

    AU - Price, P. B.

    AU - Przybylski, G. T.

    AU - Rädel, L.

    AU - Rameez, M.

    AU - Rawlins, K.

    AU - Redl, P.

    AU - Reimann, R.

    AU - Resconi, E.

    AU - Rhode, W.

    AU - Ribordy, M.

    AU - Richman, M.

    AU - Riedel, B.

    AU - Rodrigues, J. P.

    AU - Rott, C.

    AU - Ruhe, T.

    AU - Ruzybayev, B.

    AU - Ryckbosch, D.

    AU - Saba, S. M.

    AU - Salameh, T.

    AU - Sander, H. G.

    AU - Santander, M.

    AU - Sarkar, S.

    AU - Schatto, K.

    AU - Scheel, M.

    AU - Scheriau, F.

    AU - Schmidt, T.

    AU - Schmitz, M.

    AU - Schoenen, S.

    AU - Schöneberg, S.

    AU - Schönwald, A.

    AU - Schukraft, A.

    AU - Schulte, L.

    AU - Schulz, O.

    AU - Seckel, D.

    AU - Sestayo, Y.

    AU - Seunarine, S.

    AU - Sheremata, C.

    AU - Smith., M. W.E.

    AU - Soldin, D.

    AU - Spiczak, G. M.

    AU - Spiering, C.

    AU - Stamatikos, M.

    AU - Stanev, T.

    AU - Stasik, A.

    AU - Stezelberger, T.

    AU - Stokstad, R. G.

    AU - Stößl, A.

    AU - Strahler, E. A.

    AU - Ström, R.

    AU - Sullivan, G. W.

    AU - Taavola, H.

    AU - Taboada, I.

    AU - Tamburro, A.

    AU - Tepe, A.

    AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

    AU - Tešić, G.

    AU - Tilav, S.

    AU - Toale, P. A.

    AU - Toscano, S.

    AU - Usner, M.

    AU - Van Der Drift, D.

    AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

    AU - Van Overloop, A.

    AU - Van Santen, J.

    AU - Vehring, M.

    AU - Voge, M.

    AU - Vraeghe, M.

    AU - Walck, C.

    AU - Waldenmaier, T.

    AU - Wallraff, M.

    AU - Wasserman, R.

    AU - Weaver, Ch

    AU - Wellons, M.

    AU - Wendt, C.

    AU - Westerhoff, S.

    AU - Whitehorn, N.

    AU - Wiebe, K.

    AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

    AU - Williams, D. R.

    AU - Wissing, H.

    AU - Wolf, M.

    AU - Wood, T. R.

    AU - Woschnagg, K.

    AU - Xu, C.

    AU - Xu, D. L.

    AU - Xu, X. W.

    AU - Yanez, J. P.

    AU - Yodh, G.

    AU - Yoshida, S.

    AU - Zarzhitsky, P.

    AU - Ziemann, J.

    AU - Zierke, S.

    AU - Zoll, M.

    PY - 2014/5/28

    Y1 - 2014/5/28

    N2 - We report on the observation of a significant deficit of cosmic rays from the direction of the Moon with the IceCube detector. The study of this "Moon shadow" is used to characterize the angular resolution and absolute pointing capabilities of the detector. The detection is based on data taken in two periods before the completion of the detector: between April 2008 and May 2009, when IceCube operated in a partial configuration with 40 detector strings deployed in the South Pole ice, and between May 2009 and May 2010 when the detector operated with 59 strings. Using two independent analysis methods, the Moon shadow has been observed to high significance (>6σ) in both detector configurations. The observed location of the shadow center is within 0.2° of its expected position when geomagnetic deflection effects are taken into account. This measurement validates the directional reconstruction capabilities of IceCube.

    AB - We report on the observation of a significant deficit of cosmic rays from the direction of the Moon with the IceCube detector. The study of this "Moon shadow" is used to characterize the angular resolution and absolute pointing capabilities of the detector. The detection is based on data taken in two periods before the completion of the detector: between April 2008 and May 2009, when IceCube operated in a partial configuration with 40 detector strings deployed in the South Pole ice, and between May 2009 and May 2010 when the detector operated with 59 strings. Using two independent analysis methods, the Moon shadow has been observed to high significance (>6σ) in both detector configurations. The observed location of the shadow center is within 0.2° of its expected position when geomagnetic deflection effects are taken into account. This measurement validates the directional reconstruction capabilities of IceCube.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84901981447&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84901981447&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.102004

    DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.102004

    M3 - Article

    VL - 89

    JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

    JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

    SN - 1550-7998

    IS - 10

    M1 - 102004

    ER -