Observation of TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula with Milagro using a new background rejection technique

R. Atkins, W. Benbow, D. Berley, E. Blaufuss, J. Bussons, D. G. Coyne, R. S. Delay, T. DeYoung, B. L. Dingus, D. E. Dorfan, R. W. Ellsworth, A. Falcone, L. Fleysher, R. Fleysher, G. Gisler, M. M. Gonzalez, J. A. Goodman, T. J. Haines, E. Hays, C. M. HoffmanL. A. Kelley, R. W. Laird, J. Mccullough, J. E. Mcenery, R. S. Miller, A. I. Mincer, M. F. Morales, P. Nemethy, D. Noyes, J. M. Ryan, F. W. Samuelson, M. Schneider, B. Shen, A. Shoup, G. Sinnis, A. J. Smith, G. W. Sullivan, O. T. Tumer, K. Wang, M. Wascko, D. A. Williams, S. Westerhoff, M. E. Wilson, X. Xu, G. B. Yodh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The recent advances in TeV gamma-ray astronomy are largely the result of the ability to differentiate between extensive air showers generated by gamma rays and hadronic cosmic rays. Air Cerenkov telescopes have developed and perfected the "imaging" technique over the past several decades. However, until now no background rejection method has been successfully used in an air shower array to detect a source of TeV gamma rays. We report on a method to differentiate hadronic air showers from electromagnetic air showers in the Milagro gamma-ray observatory, based on the ability to detect the energetic particles in an extensive air shower. The technique is used to detect TeV emission from the Crab Nebula. The flux from the Crab Nebula is estimated to be 2.68(±0.42stat ± 1.4sys) × 10 -7(E/1 TeV)-2.59 m-2 s-1 TeV -1, where the spectral index is assumed to be as given by the HEGRA collaboration.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)803-811
    Number of pages9
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume595
    Issue number2 I
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1 2003

    Fingerprint

    Crab nebula
    cosmic ray showers
    rejection
    crab
    gamma rays
    air
    gamma ray astronomy
    Gamma Ray Observatory
    energetic particles
    imaging techniques
    astronomy
    cosmic rays
    cosmic ray
    telescopes
    electromagnetism
    energetics
    observatory

    Keywords

    • Gamma rays: observations
    • Instrumentation: detectors
    • ISM: individual (Crab Nebula)
    • Stars: neutron
    • Supernova remnants

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Atkins, R., Benbow, W., Berley, D., Blaufuss, E., Bussons, J., Coyne, D. G., ... Yodh, G. B. (2003). Observation of TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula with Milagro using a new background rejection technique. Astrophysical Journal, 595(2 I), 803-811. https://doi.org/10.1086/377498

    Observation of TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula with Milagro using a new background rejection technique. / Atkins, R.; Benbow, W.; Berley, D.; Blaufuss, E.; Bussons, J.; Coyne, D. G.; Delay, R. S.; DeYoung, T.; Dingus, B. L.; Dorfan, D. E.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Falcone, A.; Fleysher, L.; Fleysher, R.; Gisler, G.; Gonzalez, M. M.; Goodman, J. A.; Haines, T. J.; Hays, E.; Hoffman, C. M.; Kelley, L. A.; Laird, R. W.; Mccullough, J.; Mcenery, J. E.; Miller, R. S.; Mincer, A. I.; Morales, M. F.; Nemethy, P.; Noyes, D.; Ryan, J. M.; Samuelson, F. W.; Schneider, M.; Shen, B.; Shoup, A.; Sinnis, G.; Smith, A. J.; Sullivan, G. W.; Tumer, O. T.; Wang, K.; Wascko, M.; Williams, D. A.; Westerhoff, S.; Wilson, M. E.; Xu, X.; Yodh, G. B.

    In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 595, No. 2 I, 01.10.2003, p. 803-811.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Atkins, R, Benbow, W, Berley, D, Blaufuss, E, Bussons, J, Coyne, DG, Delay, RS, DeYoung, T, Dingus, BL, Dorfan, DE, Ellsworth, RW, Falcone, A, Fleysher, L, Fleysher, R, Gisler, G, Gonzalez, MM, Goodman, JA, Haines, TJ, Hays, E, Hoffman, CM, Kelley, LA, Laird, RW, Mccullough, J, Mcenery, JE, Miller, RS, Mincer, AI, Morales, MF, Nemethy, P, Noyes, D, Ryan, JM, Samuelson, FW, Schneider, M, Shen, B, Shoup, A, Sinnis, G, Smith, AJ, Sullivan, GW, Tumer, OT, Wang, K, Wascko, M, Williams, DA, Westerhoff, S, Wilson, ME, Xu, X & Yodh, GB 2003, 'Observation of TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula with Milagro using a new background rejection technique', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 595, no. 2 I, pp. 803-811. https://doi.org/10.1086/377498
    Atkins, R. ; Benbow, W. ; Berley, D. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Bussons, J. ; Coyne, D. G. ; Delay, R. S. ; DeYoung, T. ; Dingus, B. L. ; Dorfan, D. E. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Falcone, A. ; Fleysher, L. ; Fleysher, R. ; Gisler, G. ; Gonzalez, M. M. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Haines, T. J. ; Hays, E. ; Hoffman, C. M. ; Kelley, L. A. ; Laird, R. W. ; Mccullough, J. ; Mcenery, J. E. ; Miller, R. S. ; Mincer, A. I. ; Morales, M. F. ; Nemethy, P. ; Noyes, D. ; Ryan, J. M. ; Samuelson, F. W. ; Schneider, M. ; Shen, B. ; Shoup, A. ; Sinnis, G. ; Smith, A. J. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Tumer, O. T. ; Wang, K. ; Wascko, M. ; Williams, D. A. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Wilson, M. E. ; Xu, X. ; Yodh, G. B. / Observation of TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula with Milagro using a new background rejection technique. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 595, No. 2 I. pp. 803-811.
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    AU - Bussons, J.

    AU - Coyne, D. G.

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