Observation and applications of single-electron charge signals in the XENON100 experiment

E. Aprile, M. Alfonsi, K. Arisaka, Francesco Arneodo, C. Balan, L. Baudis, B. Bauermeister, A. Behrens, P. Beltrame, K. Bokeloh, A. Brown, E. Brown, S. Bruenner, G. Bruno, R. Budnik, J. M.R. Cardoso, W. T. Chen, B. Choi, A. P. Colijn, H. Contreras & 60 others J. P. Cussonneau, M. P. Decowski, E. Duchovni, S. Fattori, A. D. Ferella, W. Fulgione, F. Gao, M. Garbini, C. Ghag, K. L. Giboni, L. W. Goetzke, C. Grignon, E. Gross, W. Hampel, R. Itay, F. Kaether, G. Kessler, A. Kish, J. Lamblin, H. Landsman, R. F. Lang, M. Le Calloch, C. Levy, K. E. Lim, Q. Lin, S. Lindemann, M. Lindner, J. A.M. Lopes, K. Lung, T. Marrodán Undagoitia, F. V. Massoli, A. J.Melgarejo Fernandez, Y. Meng, M. Messina, A. Molinario, J. Naganoma, K. Ni, U. Oberlack, S. E.A. Orrigo, E. Pantic, R. Persiani, F. Piastra, G. Plante, N. Priel, A. Rizzo, S. Rosendahl, J. M.F.Dos Santos, G. Sartorelli, J. Schreiner, M. Schumann, L. Scotto Lavina, M. Selvi, P. Shagin, H. Simgen, A. Teymourian, D. Thers, O. Vitells, H. Wang, M. Weber, C. Weinheimer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The XENON100 dark matter experiment uses liquid xenon in a time projection chamber (TPC) to measure xenon nuclear recoils resulting from the scattering of dark matter weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). In this paper, we report the observation of single-electron charge signals which are not related to WIMP interactions. These signals, which show the excellent sensitivity of the detector to small charge signals, are explained as being due to the photoionization of impurities in the liquid xenon and of the metal components inside the TPC. They are used as a unique calibration source to characterize the detector. We explain how we can infer crucial parameters for the XENON100 experiment: the secondary-scintillation gain, the extraction yield from the liquid to the gas phase and the electron drift velocity.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number035201
    JournalJournal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
    Volume41
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2014

    Fingerprint

    xenon
    weakly interacting massive particles
    dark matter
    liquids
    chambers
    projection
    electrons
    detectors
    particle interactions
    scintillation
    photoionization
    vapor phases
    impurities
    sensitivity
    scattering
    metals

    Keywords

    • double phase TPC
    • photoionization
    • single electron
    • xenon

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

    Cite this

    Observation and applications of single-electron charge signals in the XENON100 experiment. / Aprile, E.; Alfonsi, M.; Arisaka, K.; Arneodo, Francesco; Balan, C.; Baudis, L.; Bauermeister, B.; Behrens, A.; Beltrame, P.; Bokeloh, K.; Brown, A.; Brown, E.; Bruenner, S.; Bruno, G.; Budnik, R.; Cardoso, J. M.R.; Chen, W. T.; Choi, B.; Colijn, A. P.; Contreras, H.; Cussonneau, J. P.; Decowski, M. P.; Duchovni, E.; Fattori, S.; Ferella, A. D.; Fulgione, W.; Gao, F.; Garbini, M.; Ghag, C.; Giboni, K. L.; Goetzke, L. W.; Grignon, C.; Gross, E.; Hampel, W.; Itay, R.; Kaether, F.; Kessler, G.; Kish, A.; Lamblin, J.; Landsman, H.; Lang, R. F.; Le Calloch, M.; Levy, C.; Lim, K. E.; Lin, Q.; Lindemann, S.; Lindner, M.; Lopes, J. A.M.; Lung, K.; Undagoitia, T. Marrodán; Massoli, F. V.; Fernandez, A. J.Melgarejo; Meng, Y.; Messina, M.; Molinario, A.; Naganoma, J.; Ni, K.; Oberlack, U.; Orrigo, S. E.A.; Pantic, E.; Persiani, R.; Piastra, F.; Plante, G.; Priel, N.; Rizzo, A.; Rosendahl, S.; Santos, J. M.F.Dos; Sartorelli, G.; Schreiner, J.; Schumann, M.; Lavina, L. Scotto; Selvi, M.; Shagin, P.; Simgen, H.; Teymourian, A.; Thers, D.; Vitells, O.; Wang, H.; Weber, M.; Weinheimer, C.

    In: Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 41, No. 3, 035201, 01.03.2014.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Aprile, E, Alfonsi, M, Arisaka, K, Arneodo, F, Balan, C, Baudis, L, Bauermeister, B, Behrens, A, Beltrame, P, Bokeloh, K, Brown, A, Brown, E, Bruenner, S, Bruno, G, Budnik, R, Cardoso, JMR, Chen, WT, Choi, B, Colijn, AP, Contreras, H, Cussonneau, JP, Decowski, MP, Duchovni, E, Fattori, S, Ferella, AD, Fulgione, W, Gao, F, Garbini, M, Ghag, C, Giboni, KL, Goetzke, LW, Grignon, C, Gross, E, Hampel, W, Itay, R, Kaether, F, Kessler, G, Kish, A, Lamblin, J, Landsman, H, Lang, RF, Le Calloch, M, Levy, C, Lim, KE, Lin, Q, Lindemann, S, Lindner, M, Lopes, JAM, Lung, K, Undagoitia, TM, Massoli, FV, Fernandez, AJM, Meng, Y, Messina, M, Molinario, A, Naganoma, J, Ni, K, Oberlack, U, Orrigo, SEA, Pantic, E, Persiani, R, Piastra, F, Plante, G, Priel, N, Rizzo, A, Rosendahl, S, Santos, JMFD, Sartorelli, G, Schreiner, J, Schumann, M, Lavina, LS, Selvi, M, Shagin, P, Simgen, H, Teymourian, A, Thers, D, Vitells, O, Wang, H, Weber, M & Weinheimer, C 2014, 'Observation and applications of single-electron charge signals in the XENON100 experiment', Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, vol. 41, no. 3, 035201. https://doi.org/10.1088/0954-3899/41/3/035201
    Aprile, E. ; Alfonsi, M. ; Arisaka, K. ; Arneodo, Francesco ; Balan, C. ; Baudis, L. ; Bauermeister, B. ; Behrens, A. ; Beltrame, P. ; Bokeloh, K. ; Brown, A. ; Brown, E. ; Bruenner, S. ; Bruno, G. ; Budnik, R. ; Cardoso, J. M.R. ; Chen, W. T. ; Choi, B. ; Colijn, A. P. ; Contreras, H. ; Cussonneau, J. P. ; Decowski, M. P. ; Duchovni, E. ; Fattori, S. ; Ferella, A. D. ; Fulgione, W. ; Gao, F. ; Garbini, M. ; Ghag, C. ; Giboni, K. L. ; Goetzke, L. W. ; Grignon, C. ; Gross, E. ; Hampel, W. ; Itay, R. ; Kaether, F. ; Kessler, G. ; Kish, A. ; Lamblin, J. ; Landsman, H. ; Lang, R. F. ; Le Calloch, M. ; Levy, C. ; Lim, K. E. ; Lin, Q. ; Lindemann, S. ; Lindner, M. ; Lopes, J. A.M. ; Lung, K. ; Undagoitia, T. Marrodán ; Massoli, F. V. ; Fernandez, A. J.Melgarejo ; Meng, Y. ; Messina, M. ; Molinario, A. ; Naganoma, J. ; Ni, K. ; Oberlack, U. ; Orrigo, S. E.A. ; Pantic, E. ; Persiani, R. ; Piastra, F. ; Plante, G. ; Priel, N. ; Rizzo, A. ; Rosendahl, S. ; Santos, J. M.F.Dos ; Sartorelli, G. ; Schreiner, J. ; Schumann, M. ; Lavina, L. Scotto ; Selvi, M. ; Shagin, P. ; Simgen, H. ; Teymourian, A. ; Thers, D. ; Vitells, O. ; Wang, H. ; Weber, M. ; Weinheimer, C. / Observation and applications of single-electron charge signals in the XENON100 experiment. In: Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics. 2014 ; Vol. 41, No. 3.
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    AU - Arisaka, K.

    AU - Arneodo, Francesco

    AU - Balan, C.

    AU - Baudis, L.

    AU - Bauermeister, B.

    AU - Behrens, A.

    AU - Beltrame, P.

    AU - Bokeloh, K.

    AU - Brown, A.

    AU - Brown, E.

    AU - Bruenner, S.

    AU - Bruno, G.

    AU - Budnik, R.

    AU - Cardoso, J. M.R.

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    AU - Choi, B.

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    AU - Ferella, A. D.

    AU - Fulgione, W.

    AU - Gao, F.

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    AU - Ghag, C.

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    AU - Molinario, A.

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    AU - Ni, K.

    AU - Oberlack, U.

    AU - Orrigo, S. E.A.

    AU - Pantic, E.

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    AU - Piastra, F.

    AU - Plante, G.

    AU - Priel, N.

    AU - Rizzo, A.

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    AU - Santos, J. M.F.Dos

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    AU - Schreiner, J.

    AU - Schumann, M.

    AU - Lavina, L. Scotto

    AU - Selvi, M.

    AU - Shagin, P.

    AU - Simgen, H.

    AU - Teymourian, A.

    AU - Thers, D.

    AU - Vitells, O.

    AU - Wang, H.

    AU - Weber, M.

    AU - Weinheimer, C.

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    KW - double phase TPC

    KW - photoionization

    KW - single electron

    KW - xenon

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