Oblique effects in normally reared monkeys (Macaca nemestrina): Meridional variations in contrast sensitivity measured with operant techniques

Rick A. Williams, Ronald G. Boothe, Lynne Kiorpes, Davida Y. Teller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present paper describes a newly completed operant methodology for the assessment of spatial vision in pigtail macaque (Macaco nemestrina) monkeys. Automated techniques for the generation, calibration, and presentation of sinusoidal grating stimuli, and for control of the operant experiment, are described in detail. Contrast sensitivity functions have been obtained in four animals for gratings in vertical, oblique, and horizontal orientations. The data demonstrate that the monkey visual system, like that of humans, shows variations of contrast sensitivity with grating orientation at high spatial frequencies. One monkey showed a classical oblique effect, i.e. similar sensitivity for vertical and horizontal and a lower sensitivity for oblique gratings. The other three monkeys showed contrast sensitivity differences between horizontal and vertical gratings. The similarity of monkey and human contrast sensitivity variations and the implications of these results for use of the macaque monkey as an animal model for human vision are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1253-1266
Number of pages14
JournalVision research
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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