Numerical comparison of two schemes for the generation of ELF and VLF waves in the HF heater-modulated polar electrojet

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Abstract

Generation of ELF and VLF waves in the HF heater modulated polar electrojet is numerically studied. Illuminated by an amplitude modulated HF heater, the electron temperature of the electrojet is modulated accordingly. This, in turn, causes the modulation of the conductivity and thus the current of the electrojet. Emissions are then produced at the modulation frequency and its harmonics. The present work extends the previous one on a thermal instability to its nonlinear saturation regime. Two heater modulation schemes are considered. One modulates the heater by a rectangular periodic pulse. The other one uses two overlapping heater waves (beat wave scheme) having a frequency difference equal to the desired modulation frequency. It is essentially equivalent to a sinusoidal amplitude modulation. The nonlinear evolutions of the generated ELF and VLF waves are determined numerically. Their spectra are also evaluated. The results show that the signal quality of the second (beat wave) scheme is better. The field intensity of the emission at the fundamental modulation frequency is found to increase with the modulation frequency, consistent with the Tromso observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number97JA02535
Pages (from-to)4063-4069
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume103
Issue numberA3
StatePublished - 1998

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electrojets
electrojet
heaters
Frequency modulation
frequency modulation
synchronism
Modulation
modulation
thermal instability
Amplitude modulation
Electron temperature
conductivity
comparison
heater
saturation
electron energy
harmonics
electron
causes
pulses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Oceanography

Cite this

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title = "Numerical comparison of two schemes for the generation of ELF and VLF waves in the HF heater-modulated polar electrojet",
abstract = "Generation of ELF and VLF waves in the HF heater modulated polar electrojet is numerically studied. Illuminated by an amplitude modulated HF heater, the electron temperature of the electrojet is modulated accordingly. This, in turn, causes the modulation of the conductivity and thus the current of the electrojet. Emissions are then produced at the modulation frequency and its harmonics. The present work extends the previous one on a thermal instability to its nonlinear saturation regime. Two heater modulation schemes are considered. One modulates the heater by a rectangular periodic pulse. The other one uses two overlapping heater waves (beat wave scheme) having a frequency difference equal to the desired modulation frequency. It is essentially equivalent to a sinusoidal amplitude modulation. The nonlinear evolutions of the generated ELF and VLF waves are determined numerically. Their spectra are also evaluated. The results show that the signal quality of the second (beat wave) scheme is better. The field intensity of the emission at the fundamental modulation frequency is found to increase with the modulation frequency, consistent with the Tromso observations.",
author = "Spencer Kuo",
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T1 - Numerical comparison of two schemes for the generation of ELF and VLF waves in the HF heater-modulated polar electrojet

AU - Kuo, Spencer

PY - 1998

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N2 - Generation of ELF and VLF waves in the HF heater modulated polar electrojet is numerically studied. Illuminated by an amplitude modulated HF heater, the electron temperature of the electrojet is modulated accordingly. This, in turn, causes the modulation of the conductivity and thus the current of the electrojet. Emissions are then produced at the modulation frequency and its harmonics. The present work extends the previous one on a thermal instability to its nonlinear saturation regime. Two heater modulation schemes are considered. One modulates the heater by a rectangular periodic pulse. The other one uses two overlapping heater waves (beat wave scheme) having a frequency difference equal to the desired modulation frequency. It is essentially equivalent to a sinusoidal amplitude modulation. The nonlinear evolutions of the generated ELF and VLF waves are determined numerically. Their spectra are also evaluated. The results show that the signal quality of the second (beat wave) scheme is better. The field intensity of the emission at the fundamental modulation frequency is found to increase with the modulation frequency, consistent with the Tromso observations.

AB - Generation of ELF and VLF waves in the HF heater modulated polar electrojet is numerically studied. Illuminated by an amplitude modulated HF heater, the electron temperature of the electrojet is modulated accordingly. This, in turn, causes the modulation of the conductivity and thus the current of the electrojet. Emissions are then produced at the modulation frequency and its harmonics. The present work extends the previous one on a thermal instability to its nonlinear saturation regime. Two heater modulation schemes are considered. One modulates the heater by a rectangular periodic pulse. The other one uses two overlapping heater waves (beat wave scheme) having a frequency difference equal to the desired modulation frequency. It is essentially equivalent to a sinusoidal amplitude modulation. The nonlinear evolutions of the generated ELF and VLF waves are determined numerically. Their spectra are also evaluated. The results show that the signal quality of the second (beat wave) scheme is better. The field intensity of the emission at the fundamental modulation frequency is found to increase with the modulation frequency, consistent with the Tromso observations.

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