Nonpharmacological interventions for preschoolers with ADHD

The case for specialized parent training

Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke, Margaret Thompson, Howard Abikoff, Rachel Klein, Laurie Miller Brotman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The past decade witnessed an increased use of stimulants for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in preschool children. However, the reluctance of parents of preschoolers to place their young children on stimulants () coupled with the paucity of information regarding the long-term effects of stimulants in preschoolers makes the development and testing of nonpharmacological treatments for preschoolers with ADHD a major public health priority. This article addresses this issue. First, we highlight issues relating to the existence of ADHD in preschoolers as a clinically significant condition and the need for effective treatment. Second, we examine issues related to the use of pharmacological therapies in this age group in terms of efficacy, side effects, and acceptability. Third, we discuss existing nonpharmacological interventions for preschoolers and highlight the potential value of parent training in particular. Finally, we introduce one candidate intervention, the New Forest Parenting Package, and present initial evidence for its clinical value as well as data on potential barriers and limitations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-153
Number of pages12
JournalInfants and Young Children
Volume19
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2006

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parents training
ADHD
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
preschool child
Health Priorities
age group
Parenting
parents
Preschool Children
Therapeutics
candidacy
public health
Public Health
Age Groups
Parents
present
Pharmacology
evidence
Values

Keywords

  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Behavior modification
  • Preschoolers
  • Psychosocial treatments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Nonpharmacological interventions for preschoolers with ADHD : The case for specialized parent training. / Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J S; Thompson, Margaret; Abikoff, Howard; Klein, Rachel; Brotman, Laurie Miller.

In: Infants and Young Children, Vol. 19, No. 2, 04.2006, p. 142-153.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J S ; Thompson, Margaret ; Abikoff, Howard ; Klein, Rachel ; Brotman, Laurie Miller. / Nonpharmacological interventions for preschoolers with ADHD : The case for specialized parent training. In: Infants and Young Children. 2006 ; Vol. 19, No. 2. pp. 142-153.
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