NIHAO V: Too big does not fail-reconciling the conflict between ΛCDM predictions and the circular velocities of nearby field galaxies

Aaron A. Dutton, Andrea Maccio, Jonas Frings, Liang Wang, Gregory S. Stinson, Camilla Penzo, Xi Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We compare the half-light circular velocities, V1/2, of dwarf galaxies in the Local Group to the predicted circular velocity curves of galaxies in the Numerical Investigations of Hundred Astrophysical Objects (NIHAO) suite of Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) simulations. We use a subset of 34 simulations in which the central galaxy has a stellar luminosity in the range 0.5×105 <LV/L⊙ <2×108. The NIHAOgalaxy simulations reproduce the relation between stellar mass and halo mass from abundance matching, as well as the observed half-light size versus luminosity relation. The corresponding dissipationless simulations overpredict the V1/2, recovering the problem known as too big to fail (TBTF). By contrast, the NIHAO simulations have expanded dark matter haloes, and provide an excellent match to the distribution of V1/2 for galaxies with LV ≥ 2 × 106 L⊙. For lower luminosities, our simulations predict very little halo response, and tend to overpredict the observed circular velocities. In the context of ΛCDM, this could signal the increased stochasticity of star formation in haloes below Mhalo ~ 1010M⊙, or the role of environmental effects. Thus, haloes that are 'TBTF', do not fail ΛCDM, but haloes that are 'too small to pass' (the galaxy formation threshold) provide a future test of ΛCDM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L74-L78
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Volume457
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2016

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halos
dark matter
astrophysics
galaxies
prediction
predictions
simulation
luminosity
stellar luminosity
galactic evolution
dwarf galaxies
stochasticity
stellar mass
environmental effect
set theory
cold
conflict
star formation
thresholds
curves

Keywords

  • Cosmology: theory
  • Dark matter
  • Galaxies: dwarf
  • Galaxies: haloes
  • Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • Local group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

NIHAO V : Too big does not fail-reconciling the conflict between ΛCDM predictions and the circular velocities of nearby field galaxies. / Dutton, Aaron A.; Maccio, Andrea; Frings, Jonas; Wang, Liang; Stinson, Gregory S.; Penzo, Camilla; Kang, Xi.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 457, No. 1, 07.01.2016, p. L74-L78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dutton, Aaron A. ; Maccio, Andrea ; Frings, Jonas ; Wang, Liang ; Stinson, Gregory S. ; Penzo, Camilla ; Kang, Xi. / NIHAO V : Too big does not fail-reconciling the conflict between ΛCDM predictions and the circular velocities of nearby field galaxies. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 457, No. 1. pp. L74-L78.
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AU - Penzo, Camilla

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AB - We compare the half-light circular velocities, V1/2, of dwarf galaxies in the Local Group to the predicted circular velocity curves of galaxies in the Numerical Investigations of Hundred Astrophysical Objects (NIHAO) suite of Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) simulations. We use a subset of 34 simulations in which the central galaxy has a stellar luminosity in the range 0.5×105 <LV/L⊙ <2×108. The NIHAOgalaxy simulations reproduce the relation between stellar mass and halo mass from abundance matching, as well as the observed half-light size versus luminosity relation. The corresponding dissipationless simulations overpredict the V1/2, recovering the problem known as too big to fail (TBTF). By contrast, the NIHAO simulations have expanded dark matter haloes, and provide an excellent match to the distribution of V1/2 for galaxies with LV ≥ 2 × 106 L⊙. For lower luminosities, our simulations predict very little halo response, and tend to overpredict the observed circular velocities. In the context of ΛCDM, this could signal the increased stochasticity of star formation in haloes below Mhalo ~ 1010M⊙, or the role of environmental effects. Thus, haloes that are 'TBTF', do not fail ΛCDM, but haloes that are 'too small to pass' (the galaxy formation threshold) provide a future test of ΛCDM.

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