New multi-layered zirconias

Composition, microstructure and translucency

Nantawan Kolakarnprasert, Marina R. Kaizer, Do Kyung Kim, Yu Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To fully realize the range of indication and clinical advantages of the new multi-layered zirconias, a comprehensive understanding of their chemical composition, microstructure, low temperature degradation (LTD) resistance, and translucency properties is paramount. Methods: A zirconia system (Katana, Kuraray Noritake), including 3 distinct grades of multi-layered zirconias, was selected for study: Ultra Translucent Multi-layered zirconia (UTML), Super Translucent Multi-layered zirconia (STML), and Multi-layered zirconia (ML). For different materials and their individual layers, the chemical composition, zirconia phase fractions, and microstructure were determined by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Also, their resistance to LTD and translucency properties were characterized. Results: Our findings revealed no major differences amongst layers, but the 3 materials were very distinct―UTML: 5Y-PSZ (5 mol% yttria-partially-stabilized zirconia) with ˜75 wt% cubic content and a 4.05 (±0.85) μm average grain size, STML: 4Y-PSZ with ˜65 wt% cubic content and a 2.81 (±0.17) μm average grain size, and ML: 3Y-PSZ with <50 wt% cubic content and a 0.63 (±0.03) μm average grain size. After water aging at 120 °C for 12 h, greater monoclinic content was found in ML. UTML and STML did not show detectable monoclinic phase. The translucency was similar among layers, and also between UTML and STML, which were superior to ML. Significance: For each multi-layered zirconia grades, the layers are only differed in pigment types and contents, which yield remarkably natural shade gradients. Also, despite the significant compositional difference between STML and UTML, both materials showed similar translucencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)797-806
Number of pages10
JournalDental Materials
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Fingerprint

Zirconia
Microstructure
Chemical analysis
zirconium oxide
Degradation
Temperature
Yttria stabilized zirconia
Pigments
Field emission
X-Ray Diffraction
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Aging of materials

Keywords

  • Chemical composition
  • Dental ceramics
  • Low temperature degradation
  • Microstructure
  • Multi-layered zirconia
  • Phase content
  • Translucency properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

New multi-layered zirconias : Composition, microstructure and translucency. / Kolakarnprasert, Nantawan; Kaizer, Marina R.; Kim, Do Kyung; Zhang, Yu.

In: Dental Materials, Vol. 35, No. 5, 01.05.2019, p. 797-806.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kolakarnprasert, Nantawan ; Kaizer, Marina R. ; Kim, Do Kyung ; Zhang, Yu. / New multi-layered zirconias : Composition, microstructure and translucency. In: Dental Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 35, No. 5. pp. 797-806.
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AB - Objectives: To fully realize the range of indication and clinical advantages of the new multi-layered zirconias, a comprehensive understanding of their chemical composition, microstructure, low temperature degradation (LTD) resistance, and translucency properties is paramount. Methods: A zirconia system (Katana, Kuraray Noritake), including 3 distinct grades of multi-layered zirconias, was selected for study: Ultra Translucent Multi-layered zirconia (UTML), Super Translucent Multi-layered zirconia (STML), and Multi-layered zirconia (ML). For different materials and their individual layers, the chemical composition, zirconia phase fractions, and microstructure were determined by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Also, their resistance to LTD and translucency properties were characterized. Results: Our findings revealed no major differences amongst layers, but the 3 materials were very distinct―UTML: 5Y-PSZ (5 mol% yttria-partially-stabilized zirconia) with ˜75 wt% cubic content and a 4.05 (±0.85) μm average grain size, STML: 4Y-PSZ with ˜65 wt% cubic content and a 2.81 (±0.17) μm average grain size, and ML: 3Y-PSZ with <50 wt% cubic content and a 0.63 (±0.03) μm average grain size. After water aging at 120 °C for 12 h, greater monoclinic content was found in ML. UTML and STML did not show detectable monoclinic phase. The translucency was similar among layers, and also between UTML and STML, which were superior to ML. Significance: For each multi-layered zirconia grades, the layers are only differed in pigment types and contents, which yield remarkably natural shade gradients. Also, despite the significant compositional difference between STML and UTML, both materials showed similar translucencies.

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