New Jersey Turnpike time-of-day pricing initiative's behavioral impacts: Observed role of travel distance on underlying elasticities

José Holguín-Veras, Ning Xu, Qian Wang, Kaan Ozbay, Juan C. Zorrilla, Mecit Cetin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This paper discusses the key findings of a research project aimed at assessing the behavioral impacts of the time-of-day pricing implementation on the New Jersey Turnpike. Analysis of data collected by the authors, including behavioral and travel patterns before and after the time-of-day pricing initiative, revealed the following: (a) about 7.0% of individual drivers (6.6 % of car trips) changed behavior as a consequence of the time-of-day pricing initiative, which translated into market elasticities for toll changes of -0.398 with the number of individuals used as the unit of demand and of -0.545 with the number of trips per month used; (6) users responded to time-of-day pricing by implementing multidimensional strategies, including changes in facility usage, time of travel, productivity of car travel, and mode or occupancy; (c) users traveling relatively shorter distances exhibited more elastic behavior than those traveling long distances; and (d) only around 5% had more than one-half hour of flexibility and traveled during peak hours (they could be the target of the time-of-day pricing initiative because of the flexibility to shift to off-peak periods).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBehavioral Responses to Policy and System Changes
Pages53-61
Number of pages9
Edition2010
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Publication series

NameTransportation Research Record
Number2010
ISSN (Print)03611981

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Elasticity
Costs
Railroad cars
Productivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Holguín-Veras, J., Xu, N., Wang, Q., Ozbay, K., Zorrilla, J. C., & Cetin, M. (2007). New Jersey Turnpike time-of-day pricing initiative's behavioral impacts: Observed role of travel distance on underlying elasticities. In Behavioral Responses to Policy and System Changes (2010 ed., pp. 53-61). (Transportation Research Record; No. 2010). https://doi.org/10.3141/2010-07

New Jersey Turnpike time-of-day pricing initiative's behavioral impacts : Observed role of travel distance on underlying elasticities. / Holguín-Veras, José; Xu, Ning; Wang, Qian; Ozbay, Kaan; Zorrilla, Juan C.; Cetin, Mecit.

Behavioral Responses to Policy and System Changes. 2010. ed. 2007. p. 53-61 (Transportation Research Record; No. 2010).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Holguín-Veras, J, Xu, N, Wang, Q, Ozbay, K, Zorrilla, JC & Cetin, M 2007, New Jersey Turnpike time-of-day pricing initiative's behavioral impacts: Observed role of travel distance on underlying elasticities. in Behavioral Responses to Policy and System Changes. 2010 edn, Transportation Research Record, no. 2010, pp. 53-61. https://doi.org/10.3141/2010-07
Holguín-Veras J, Xu N, Wang Q, Ozbay K, Zorrilla JC, Cetin M. New Jersey Turnpike time-of-day pricing initiative's behavioral impacts: Observed role of travel distance on underlying elasticities. In Behavioral Responses to Policy and System Changes. 2010 ed. 2007. p. 53-61. (Transportation Research Record; 2010). https://doi.org/10.3141/2010-07
Holguín-Veras, José ; Xu, Ning ; Wang, Qian ; Ozbay, Kaan ; Zorrilla, Juan C. ; Cetin, Mecit. / New Jersey Turnpike time-of-day pricing initiative's behavioral impacts : Observed role of travel distance on underlying elasticities. Behavioral Responses to Policy and System Changes. 2010. ed. 2007. pp. 53-61 (Transportation Research Record; 2010).
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