Neutrino analysis of the 2010 September crab nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the crab using IceCube

R. Abbasi, Y. Abdou, T. Abu-Zayyad, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, M. Baker, S. W. Barwick, R. Bay, J. L. Bazo Alba, K. Beattie, J. J. Beatty, S. Bechet, J. K. Becker, K. H. Becker, Mohamed Lotfi BenabderrhmaneS. Benzvi, J. Berdermann, P. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. Bertrand, D. Z. Besson, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, J. Blumenthal, D. J. Boersma, C. Bohm, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, A. M. Brown, S. Buitink, K. S. Caballero-Mora, M. Carson, D. Chirkin, B. Christy, J. Clem, F. Clevermann, S. Cohen, C. Colnard, D. F. Cowen, M. V. D'Agostino, M. Danninger, J. Daughhetee, J. C. Davis, C. De Clercq, L. Demirörs, T. Denger, O. Depaepe, F. Descamps, P. Desiati, G. De Vries-Uiterweerd, T. Deyoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, M. Dierckxsens, J. Dreyer, J. P. Dumm, R. Ehrlich, J. Eisch, R. W. Ellsworth, O. Engdegård, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, A. Fedynitch, J. Feintzeig, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, T. Fischer-Wasels, M. M. Foerster, B. D. Fox, A. Franckowiak, R. Franke, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, J. A. Goodman, D. Gora, D. Grant, T. Griesel, A. Groß, S. Grullon, M. Gurtner, C. Ha, A. Hajismail, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Han, K. Hanson, D. Heinen, K. Helbing, P. Herquet, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, D. Hubert, W. Huelsnitz, J. P. Hülß, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, J. Jacobsen, G. S. Japaridze, H. Johansson, J. M. Joseph, K. H. Kampert, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, P. Kenny, J. Kiryluk, F. Kislat, S. R. Klein, J. H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, T. Kowarik, M. Krasberg, T. Krings, G. Kroll, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, S. Lafebre, K. Laihem, H. Landsman, M. J. Larson, R. Lauer, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, P. Majumdar, A. Marotta, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, K. Meagher, M. Merck, P. Mészros, T. Meures, E. Middell, N. Milke, J. Miller, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, S. M. Movit, R. Nahnhauer, J. W. Nam, U. Naumann, P. Nießen, D. R. Nygren, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, M. Olivo, A. O'Murchadha, M. Ono, S. Panknin, L. Paul, C. Pérez De Los Heros, J. Petrovic, A. Piegsa, D. Pieloth, R. Porrata, J. Posselt, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, A. Rizzo, J. P. Rodrigues, P. Roth, F. Rothmaier, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, D. Rutledge, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, H. G. Sander, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, K. Schatto, T. Schmidt, A. Schönwald, A. Schukraft, A. Schultes, O. Schulz, M. Schunck, D. Seckel, B. Semburg, S. H. Seo, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, A. Silvestri, A. Slipak, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, G. Stephens, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stössl, S. Stoyanov, E. A. Strahler, T. Straszheim, M. Stür, G. W. Sullivan, Q. Swillens, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, A. Tepe, S. Ter-Antonyan, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, S. Toscano, D. Tosi, D. Turčan, N. Van Eijndhoven, J. Vandenbroucke, A. Van Overloop, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, C. Walck, T. Waldenmaier, M. Wallraff, M. Walter, Ch Weaver, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, N. Whitehorn, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, D. R. Williams, R. Wischnewski, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, C. Xu, X. W. Xu, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky, M. Zoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present the results of a search for high-energy muon neutrinos with the IceCube detector in coincidence with the Crab Nebula flare reported on 2010 September by various experiments. Due to the unusual flaring state of the otherwise steady source we performed a prompt analysis of the 79-string configuration data to search for neutrinos that might be emitted along with the observed γ-rays. We performed two different and complementary data selections of neutrino events in the time window of 10days around the flare. One event selection is optimized for discovery of E -2 ν neutrino spectrum typical of first-order Fermi acceleration. A similar event selection has also been applied to the 40-string data to derive the time-integrated limits to the neutrino emission from the Crab. The other event selection was optimized for discovery of neutrino spectra with softer spectral index andTeV energy cutoffs as observed for various Galactic sources in γ-rays. The 90% confidence level (CL) best upper limits on the Crab flux during the 10day flare are 4.73 × 10-11cm-2s -1TeV-1 for an E -2 ν neutrino spectrum and 2.50 × 10-10cm-2s-1TeV -1 for a softer neutrino spectra of E -2.7 ν, as indicated by Fermi measurements during the flare. In this paper, we also illustrate the impact of the time-integrated limit on the Crab neutrino steady emission. The limit obtained using 375.5days of the 40-string configuration is compared to existing models of neutrino production from the Crab and its impact on astrophysical parameters is discussed. The most optimistic predictions of some models are already rejected by the IceCube neutrino telescope with more than 90% CL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number45
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume745
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2012

Fingerprint

Crab nebula
crabs
flares
crab
neutrinos
strings
energy
confidence
rays
analysis
prediction
configurations
muons
experiment
astrophysics
cut-off
telescopes

Keywords

  • gamma rays: general
  • ISM: supernova remnants
  • neutrinos
  • pulsars: individual (Crab Pulsar)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Neutrino analysis of the 2010 September crab nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the crab using IceCube. / Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Abu-Zayyad, T.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Bay, R.; Bazo Alba, J. L.; Beattie, K.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker, J. K.; Becker, K. H.; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed; Benzvi, S.; Berdermann, J.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brown, A. M.; Buitink, S.; Caballero-Mora, K. S.; Carson, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christy, B.; Clem, J.; Clevermann, F.; Cohen, S.; Colnard, C.; Cowen, D. F.; D'Agostino, M. V.; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; De Clercq, C.; Demirörs, L.; Denger, T.; Depaepe, O.; Descamps, F.; Desiati, P.; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.; Deyoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dierckxsens, M.; Dreyer, J.; Dumm, J. P.; Ehrlich, R.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Engdegård, O.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Foerster, M. M.; Fox, B. D.; Franckowiak, A.; Franke, R.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Goodman, J. A.; Gora, D.; Grant, D.; Griesel, T.; Groß, A.; Grullon, S.; Gurtner, M.; Ha, C.; Hajismail, A.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Han, K.; Hanson, K.; Heinen, D.; Helbing, K.; Herquet, P.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Hubert, D.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hülß, J. P.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobsen, J.; Japaridze, G. S.; Johansson, H.; Joseph, J. M.; Kampert, K. H.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kenny, P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kislat, F.; Klein, S. R.; Köhne, J. H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Kowarik, T.; Krasberg, M.; Krings, T.; Kroll, G.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Lafebre, S.; Laihem, K.; Landsman, H.; Larson, M. J.; Lauer, R.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Majumdar, P.; Marotta, A.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Mészros, P.; Meures, T.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Movit, S. M.; Nahnhauer, R.; Nam, J. W.; Naumann, U.; Nießen, P.; Nygren, D. R.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; Olivo, M.; O'Murchadha, A.; Ono, M.; Panknin, S.; Paul, L.; Pérez De Los Heros, C.; Petrovic, J.; Piegsa, A.; Pieloth, D.; Porrata, R.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Rizzo, A.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Roth, P.; Rothmaier, F.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Rutledge, D.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Sander, H. G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Schmidt, T.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schultes, A.; Schulz, O.; Schunck, M.; Seckel, D.; Semburg, B.; Seo, S. H.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Silvestri, A.; Slipak, A.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stephens, G.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stössl, A.; Stoyanov, S.; Strahler, E. A.; Straszheim, T.; Stür, M.; Sullivan, G. W.; Swillens, Q.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Tepe, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Toscano, S.; Tosi, D.; Turčan, D.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Van Overloop, A.; Van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Wallraff, M.; Walter, M.; Weaver, Ch; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Williams, D. R.; Wischnewski, R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, C.; Xu, X. W.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Zoll, M.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 745, No. 1, 45, 20.01.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbasi, R, Abdou, Y, Abu-Zayyad, T, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Altmann, D, Andeen, K, Auffenberg, J, Bai, X, Baker, M, Barwick, SW, Bay, R, Bazo Alba, JL, Beattie, K, Beatty, JJ, Bechet, S, Becker, JK, Becker, KH, Lotfi Benabderrhmane, M, Benzvi, S, Berdermann, J, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bertrand, D, Besson, DZ, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blumenthal, J, Boersma, DJ, Bohm, C, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Brown, AM, Buitink, S, Caballero-Mora, KS, Carson, M, Chirkin, D, Christy, B, Clem, J, Clevermann, F, Cohen, S, Colnard, C, Cowen, DF, D'Agostino, MV, Danninger, M, Daughhetee, J, Davis, JC, De Clercq, C, Demirörs, L, Denger, T, Depaepe, O, Descamps, F, Desiati, P, De Vries-Uiterweerd, G, Deyoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dierckxsens, M, Dreyer, J, Dumm, JP, Ehrlich, R, Eisch, J, Ellsworth, RW, Engdegård, O, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fadiran, O, Fazely, AR, Fedynitch, A, Feintzeig, J, Feusels, T, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Fischer-Wasels, T, Foerster, MM, Fox, BD, Franckowiak, A, Franke, R, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Gladstone, L, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Goodman, JA, Gora, D, Grant, D, Griesel, T, Groß, A, Grullon, S, Gurtner, M, Ha, C, Hajismail, A, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Han, K, Hanson, K, Heinen, D, Helbing, K, Herquet, P, Hickford, S, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Homeier, A, Hoshina, K, Hubert, D, Huelsnitz, W, Hülß, JP, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hussain, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobsen, J, Japaridze, GS, Johansson, H, Joseph, JM, Kampert, KH, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Kenny, P, Kiryluk, J, Kislat, F, Klein, SR, Köhne, JH, Kohnen, G, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Kowarik, T, Krasberg, M, Krings, T, Kroll, G, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Lafebre, S, Laihem, K, Landsman, H, Larson, MJ, Lauer, R, Lünemann, J, Madsen, J, Majumdar, P, Marotta, A, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, HS, Meagher, K, Merck, M, Mészros, P, Meures, T, Middell, E, Milke, N, Miller, J, Montaruli, T, Morse, R, Movit, SM, Nahnhauer, R, Nam, JW, Naumann, U, Nießen, P, Nygren, DR, Odrowski, S, Olivas, A, Olivo, M, O'Murchadha, A, Ono, M, Panknin, S, Paul, L, Pérez De Los Heros, C, Petrovic, J, Piegsa, A, Pieloth, D, Porrata, R, Posselt, J, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rawlins, K, Redl, P, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Rizzo, A, Rodrigues, JP, Roth, P, Rothmaier, F, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Rutledge, D, Ruzybayev, B, Ryckbosch, D, Sander, HG, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Schatto, K, Schmidt, T, Schönwald, A, Schukraft, A, Schultes, A, Schulz, O, Schunck, M, Seckel, D, Semburg, B, Seo, SH, Sestayo, Y, Seunarine, S, Silvestri, A, Slipak, A, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stephens, G, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stössl, A, Stoyanov, S, Strahler, EA, Straszheim, T, Stür, M, Sullivan, GW, Swillens, Q, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tamburro, A, Tepe, A, Ter-Antonyan, S, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Toscano, S, Tosi, D, Turčan, D, Van Eijndhoven, N, Vandenbroucke, J, Van Overloop, A, Van Santen, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Walck, C, Waldenmaier, T, Wallraff, M, Walter, M, Weaver, C, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whitehorn, N, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Williams, DR, Wischnewski, R, Wissing, H, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woschnagg, K, Xu, C, Xu, XW, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Zarzhitsky, P & Zoll, M 2012, 'Neutrino analysis of the 2010 September crab nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the crab using IceCube', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 745, no. 1, 45. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/745/1/45
Abbasi, R. ; Abdou, Y. ; Abu-Zayyad, T. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Altmann, D. ; Andeen, K. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Bai, X. ; Baker, M. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Bay, R. ; Bazo Alba, J. L. ; Beattie, K. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Bechet, S. ; Becker, J. K. ; Becker, K. H. ; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed ; Benzvi, S. ; Berdermann, J. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bertrand, D. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blumenthal, J. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohm, C. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Brown, A. M. ; Buitink, S. ; Caballero-Mora, K. S. ; Carson, M. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christy, B. ; Clem, J. ; Clevermann, F. ; Cohen, S. ; Colnard, C. ; Cowen, D. F. ; D'Agostino, M. V. ; Danninger, M. ; Daughhetee, J. ; Davis, J. C. ; De Clercq, C. ; Demirörs, L. ; Denger, T. ; Depaepe, O. ; Descamps, F. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries-Uiterweerd, G. ; Deyoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dierckxsens, M. ; Dreyer, J. ; Dumm, J. P. ; Ehrlich, R. ; Eisch, J. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Engdegård, O. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fadiran, O. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Fedynitch, A. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Feusels, T. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Fischer-Wasels, T. ; Foerster, M. M. ; Fox, B. D. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Franke, R. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Gora, D. ; Grant, D. ; Griesel, T. ; Groß, A. ; Grullon, S. ; Gurtner, M. ; Ha, C. ; Hajismail, A. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Han, K. ; Hanson, K. ; Heinen, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Herquet, P. ; Hickford, S. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Homeier, A. ; Hoshina, K. ; Hubert, D. ; Huelsnitz, W. ; Hülß, J. P. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hussain, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Johansson, H. ; Joseph, J. M. ; Kampert, K. H. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Kenny, P. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kislat, F. ; Klein, S. R. ; Köhne, J. H. ; Kohnen, G. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Kowarik, T. ; Krasberg, M. ; Krings, T. ; Kroll, G. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Lafebre, S. ; Laihem, K. ; Landsman, H. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lauer, R. ; Lünemann, J. ; Madsen, J. ; Majumdar, P. ; Marotta, A. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. S. ; Meagher, K. ; Merck, M. ; Mészros, P. ; Meures, T. ; Middell, E. ; Milke, N. ; Miller, J. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morse, R. ; Movit, S. M. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Nam, J. W. ; Naumann, U. ; Nießen, P. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Odrowski, S. ; Olivas, A. ; Olivo, M. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Ono, M. ; Panknin, S. ; Paul, L. ; Pérez De Los Heros, C. ; Petrovic, J. ; Piegsa, A. ; Pieloth, D. ; Porrata, R. ; Posselt, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rawlins, K. ; Redl, P. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Rizzo, A. ; Rodrigues, J. P. ; Roth, P. ; Rothmaier, F. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Rutledge, D. ; Ruzybayev, B. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Sander, H. G. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Schatto, K. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schönwald, A. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schultes, A. ; Schulz, O. ; Schunck, M. ; Seckel, D. ; Semburg, B. ; Seo, S. H. ; Sestayo, Y. ; Seunarine, S. ; Silvestri, A. ; Slipak, A. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stephens, G. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stössl, A. ; Stoyanov, S. ; Strahler, E. A. ; Straszheim, T. ; Stür, M. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Swillens, Q. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tamburro, A. ; Tepe, A. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Toscano, S. ; Tosi, D. ; Turčan, D. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Vandenbroucke, J. ; Van Overloop, A. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Walck, C. ; Waldenmaier, T. ; Wallraff, M. ; Walter, M. ; Weaver, Ch ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wischnewski, R. ; Wissing, H. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, C. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zarzhitsky, P. ; Zoll, M. / Neutrino analysis of the 2010 September crab nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the crab using IceCube. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 745, No. 1.
@article{4c330f1cc4cf42d7a4ca018c4fbc18d3,
title = "Neutrino analysis of the 2010 September crab nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the crab using IceCube",
abstract = "We present the results of a search for high-energy muon neutrinos with the IceCube detector in coincidence with the Crab Nebula flare reported on 2010 September by various experiments. Due to the unusual flaring state of the otherwise steady source we performed a prompt analysis of the 79-string configuration data to search for neutrinos that might be emitted along with the observed γ-rays. We performed two different and complementary data selections of neutrino events in the time window of 10days around the flare. One event selection is optimized for discovery of E -2 ν neutrino spectrum typical of first-order Fermi acceleration. A similar event selection has also been applied to the 40-string data to derive the time-integrated limits to the neutrino emission from the Crab. The other event selection was optimized for discovery of neutrino spectra with softer spectral index andTeV energy cutoffs as observed for various Galactic sources in γ-rays. The 90{\%} confidence level (CL) best upper limits on the Crab flux during the 10day flare are 4.73 × 10-11cm-2s -1TeV-1 for an E -2 ν neutrino spectrum and 2.50 × 10-10cm-2s-1TeV -1 for a softer neutrino spectra of E -2.7 ν, as indicated by Fermi measurements during the flare. In this paper, we also illustrate the impact of the time-integrated limit on the Crab neutrino steady emission. The limit obtained using 375.5days of the 40-string configuration is compared to existing models of neutrino production from the Crab and its impact on astrophysical parameters is discussed. The most optimistic predictions of some models are already rejected by the IceCube neutrino telescope with more than 90{\%} CL.",
keywords = "gamma rays: general, ISM: supernova remnants, neutrinos, pulsars: individual (Crab Pulsar)",
author = "R. Abbasi and Y. Abdou and T. Abu-Zayyad and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and D. Altmann and K. Andeen and J. Auffenberg and X. Bai and M. Baker and Barwick, {S. W.} and R. Bay and {Bazo Alba}, {J. L.} and K. Beattie and Beatty, {J. J.} and S. Bechet and Becker, {J. K.} and Becker, {K. H.} and {Lotfi Benabderrhmane}, Mohamed and S. Benzvi and J. Berdermann and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and D. Bertrand and Besson, {D. Z.} and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and J. Blumenthal and Boersma, {D. J.} and C. Bohm and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and Brown, {A. M.} and S. Buitink and Caballero-Mora, {K. S.} and M. Carson and D. Chirkin and B. Christy and J. Clem and F. Clevermann and S. Cohen and C. Colnard and Cowen, {D. F.} and D'Agostino, {M. V.} and M. Danninger and J. Daughhetee and Davis, {J. C.} and {De Clercq}, C. and L. Demir{\"o}rs and T. Denger and O. Depaepe and F. Descamps and P. Desiati and {De Vries-Uiterweerd}, G. and T. Deyoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and M. Dierckxsens and J. Dreyer and Dumm, {J. P.} and R. Ehrlich and J. Eisch and Ellsworth, {R. W.} and O. Engdeg{\aa}rd and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and O. Fadiran and Fazely, {A. R.} and A. Fedynitch and J. Feintzeig and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and T. Fischer-Wasels and Foerster, {M. M.} and Fox, {B. D.} and A. Franckowiak and R. Franke and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and Goodman, {J. A.} and D. Gora and D. Grant and T. Griesel and A. Gro{\ss} and S. Grullon and M. Gurtner and C. Ha and A. Hajismail and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Han and K. Hanson and D. Heinen and K. Helbing and P. Herquet and S. Hickford and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and D. Hubert and W. Huelsnitz and H{\"u}l{\ss}, {J. P.} and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and J. Jacobsen and Japaridze, {G. S.} and H. Johansson and Joseph, {J. M.} and Kampert, {K. H.} and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and P. Kenny and J. Kiryluk and F. Kislat and Klein, {S. R.} and K{\"o}hne, {J. H.} and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and T. Kowarik and M. Krasberg and T. Krings and G. Kroll and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and S. Lafebre and K. Laihem and H. Landsman and Larson, {M. J.} and R. Lauer and J. L{\"u}nemann and J. Madsen and P. Majumdar and A. Marotta and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and Matis, {H. S.} and K. Meagher and M. Merck and P. M{\'e}szros and T. Meures and E. Middell and N. Milke and J. Miller and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and Movit, {S. M.} and R. Nahnhauer and Nam, {J. W.} and U. Naumann and P. Nie{\ss}en and Nygren, {D. R.} and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and M. Olivo and A. O'Murchadha and M. Ono and S. Panknin and L. Paul and {P{\'e}rez De Los Heros}, C. and J. Petrovic and A. Piegsa and D. Pieloth and R. Porrata and J. Posselt and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Ribordy and A. Rizzo and Rodrigues, {J. P.} and P. Roth and F. Rothmaier and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and D. Rutledge and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and Sander, {H. G.} and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and K. Schatto and T. Schmidt and A. Sch{\"o}nwald and A. Schukraft and A. Schultes and O. Schulz and M. Schunck and D. Seckel and B. Semburg and Seo, {S. H.} and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and A. Silvestri and A. Slipak and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and G. Stephens and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}ssl and S. Stoyanov and Strahler, {E. A.} and T. Straszheim and M. St{\"u}r and Sullivan, {G. W.} and Q. Swillens and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and A. Tepe and S. Ter-Antonyan and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and S. Toscano and D. Tosi and D. Turčan and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and J. Vandenbroucke and {Van Overloop}, A. and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vehring and M. Voge and C. Walck and T. Waldenmaier and M. Wallraff and M. Walter and Ch Weaver and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and N. Whitehorn and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and Williams, {D. R.} and R. Wischnewski and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and K. Woschnagg and C. Xu and Xu, {X. W.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky and M. Zoll",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1088/0004-637X/745/1/45",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "745",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neutrino analysis of the 2010 September crab nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the crab using IceCube

AU - Abbasi, R.

AU - Abdou, Y.

AU - Abu-Zayyad, T.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Ahlers, M.

AU - Altmann, D.

AU - Andeen, K.

AU - Auffenberg, J.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Baker, M.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Bay, R.

AU - Bazo Alba, J. L.

AU - Beattie, K.

AU - Beatty, J. J.

AU - Bechet, S.

AU - Becker, J. K.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed

AU - Benzvi, S.

AU - Berdermann, J.

AU - Berghaus, P.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bertrand, D.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Bindig, D.

AU - Bissok, M.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Blumenthal, J.

AU - Boersma, D. J.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Bose, D.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Brown, A. M.

AU - Buitink, S.

AU - Caballero-Mora, K. S.

AU - Carson, M.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Christy, B.

AU - Clem, J.

AU - Clevermann, F.

AU - Cohen, S.

AU - Colnard, C.

AU - Cowen, D. F.

AU - D'Agostino, M. V.

AU - Danninger, M.

AU - Daughhetee, J.

AU - Davis, J. C.

AU - De Clercq, C.

AU - Demirörs, L.

AU - Denger, T.

AU - Depaepe, O.

AU - Descamps, F.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - De Vries-Uiterweerd, G.

AU - Deyoung, T.

AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Dierckxsens, M.

AU - Dreyer, J.

AU - Dumm, J. P.

AU - Ehrlich, R.

AU - Eisch, J.

AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

AU - Engdegård, O.

AU - Euler, S.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fadiran, O.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Fedynitch, A.

AU - Feintzeig, J.

AU - Feusels, T.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finley, C.

AU - Fischer-Wasels, T.

AU - Foerster, M. M.

AU - Fox, B. D.

AU - Franckowiak, A.

AU - Franke, R.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Gladstone, L.

AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Goodman, J. A.

AU - Gora, D.

AU - Grant, D.

AU - Griesel, T.

AU - Groß, A.

AU - Grullon, S.

AU - Gurtner, M.

AU - Ha, C.

AU - Hajismail, A.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Han, K.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Heinen, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Herquet, P.

AU - Hickford, S.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hoffman, K. D.

AU - Homeier, A.

AU - Hoshina, K.

AU - Hubert, D.

AU - Huelsnitz, W.

AU - Hülß, J. P.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hussain, S.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Johansson, H.

AU - Joseph, J. M.

AU - Kampert, K. H.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Karg, T.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Kenny, P.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kislat, F.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Köhne, J. H.

AU - Kohnen, G.

AU - Kolanoski, H.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kopper, S.

AU - Koskinen, D. J.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Kowarik, T.

AU - Krasberg, M.

AU - Krings, T.

AU - Kroll, G.

AU - Kurahashi, N.

AU - Kuwabara, T.

AU - Labare, M.

AU - Lafebre, S.

AU - Laihem, K.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Larson, M. J.

AU - Lauer, R.

AU - Lünemann, J.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Majumdar, P.

AU - Marotta, A.

AU - Maruyama, R.

AU - Mase, K.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Merck, M.

AU - Mészros, P.

AU - Meures, T.

AU - Middell, E.

AU - Milke, N.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Movit, S. M.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Nam, J. W.

AU - Naumann, U.

AU - Nießen, P.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Odrowski, S.

AU - Olivas, A.

AU - Olivo, M.

AU - O'Murchadha, A.

AU - Ono, M.

AU - Panknin, S.

AU - Paul, L.

AU - Pérez De Los Heros, C.

AU - Petrovic, J.

AU - Piegsa, A.

AU - Pieloth, D.

AU - Porrata, R.

AU - Posselt, J.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Redl, P.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Ribordy, M.

AU - Rizzo, A.

AU - Rodrigues, J. P.

AU - Roth, P.

AU - Rothmaier, F.

AU - Rott, C.

AU - Ruhe, T.

AU - Rutledge, D.

AU - Ruzybayev, B.

AU - Ryckbosch, D.

AU - Sander, H. G.

AU - Santander, M.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Schatto, K.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schönwald, A.

AU - Schukraft, A.

AU - Schultes, A.

AU - Schulz, O.

AU - Schunck, M.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Semburg, B.

AU - Seo, S. H.

AU - Sestayo, Y.

AU - Seunarine, S.

AU - Silvestri, A.

AU - Slipak, A.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stamatikos, M.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Stephens, G.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Stössl, A.

AU - Stoyanov, S.

AU - Strahler, E. A.

AU - Straszheim, T.

AU - Stür, M.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Swillens, Q.

AU - Taavola, H.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Tamburro, A.

AU - Tepe, A.

AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Toale, P. A.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Tosi, D.

AU - Turčan, D.

AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

AU - Vandenbroucke, J.

AU - Van Overloop, A.

AU - Van Santen, J.

AU - Vehring, M.

AU - Voge, M.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Waldenmaier, T.

AU - Wallraff, M.

AU - Walter, M.

AU - Weaver, Ch

AU - Wendt, C.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Whitehorn, N.

AU - Wiebe, K.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Williams, D. R.

AU - Wischnewski, R.

AU - Wissing, H.

AU - Wolf, M.

AU - Wood, T. R.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Xu, C.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Zarzhitsky, P.

AU - Zoll, M.

PY - 2012/1/20

Y1 - 2012/1/20

N2 - We present the results of a search for high-energy muon neutrinos with the IceCube detector in coincidence with the Crab Nebula flare reported on 2010 September by various experiments. Due to the unusual flaring state of the otherwise steady source we performed a prompt analysis of the 79-string configuration data to search for neutrinos that might be emitted along with the observed γ-rays. We performed two different and complementary data selections of neutrino events in the time window of 10days around the flare. One event selection is optimized for discovery of E -2 ν neutrino spectrum typical of first-order Fermi acceleration. A similar event selection has also been applied to the 40-string data to derive the time-integrated limits to the neutrino emission from the Crab. The other event selection was optimized for discovery of neutrino spectra with softer spectral index andTeV energy cutoffs as observed for various Galactic sources in γ-rays. The 90% confidence level (CL) best upper limits on the Crab flux during the 10day flare are 4.73 × 10-11cm-2s -1TeV-1 for an E -2 ν neutrino spectrum and 2.50 × 10-10cm-2s-1TeV -1 for a softer neutrino spectra of E -2.7 ν, as indicated by Fermi measurements during the flare. In this paper, we also illustrate the impact of the time-integrated limit on the Crab neutrino steady emission. The limit obtained using 375.5days of the 40-string configuration is compared to existing models of neutrino production from the Crab and its impact on astrophysical parameters is discussed. The most optimistic predictions of some models are already rejected by the IceCube neutrino telescope with more than 90% CL.

AB - We present the results of a search for high-energy muon neutrinos with the IceCube detector in coincidence with the Crab Nebula flare reported on 2010 September by various experiments. Due to the unusual flaring state of the otherwise steady source we performed a prompt analysis of the 79-string configuration data to search for neutrinos that might be emitted along with the observed γ-rays. We performed two different and complementary data selections of neutrino events in the time window of 10days around the flare. One event selection is optimized for discovery of E -2 ν neutrino spectrum typical of first-order Fermi acceleration. A similar event selection has also been applied to the 40-string data to derive the time-integrated limits to the neutrino emission from the Crab. The other event selection was optimized for discovery of neutrino spectra with softer spectral index andTeV energy cutoffs as observed for various Galactic sources in γ-rays. The 90% confidence level (CL) best upper limits on the Crab flux during the 10day flare are 4.73 × 10-11cm-2s -1TeV-1 for an E -2 ν neutrino spectrum and 2.50 × 10-10cm-2s-1TeV -1 for a softer neutrino spectra of E -2.7 ν, as indicated by Fermi measurements during the flare. In this paper, we also illustrate the impact of the time-integrated limit on the Crab neutrino steady emission. The limit obtained using 375.5days of the 40-string configuration is compared to existing models of neutrino production from the Crab and its impact on astrophysical parameters is discussed. The most optimistic predictions of some models are already rejected by the IceCube neutrino telescope with more than 90% CL.

KW - gamma rays: general

KW - ISM: supernova remnants

KW - neutrinos

KW - pulsars: individual (Crab Pulsar)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862908584&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862908584&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0004-637X/745/1/45

DO - 10.1088/0004-637X/745/1/45

M3 - Article

VL - 745

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

M1 - 45

ER -