Neuroimaging of person perception

A social-visual interface

Jeffrey A. Brooks, Jonathan Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The visual system is able to extract an enormous amount of socially relevant information from the face, including social categories, personality traits, and emotion. While facial features may be directly tied to certain perceptions, emerging research suggests that top-down social cognitive factors (e.g., stereotypes, social-conceptual knowledge, prejudice) considerably influence and shape the perceptual process. The rapid integration of higher-order social cognitive processes into visual perception can give rise to systematic biases in face perception and may potentially act as a mediating factor for intergroup behavioral and evaluative biases. Drawing on neuroimaging evidence, we review the ways that top-down social cognitive factors shape visual perception of facial features. This emerging work in social and affective neuroscience builds upon work on predictive coding and perceptual priors in cognitive neuroscience and visual cognition, suggesting domain-general mechanisms that underlie a social-visual interface through which social cognition affects visual perception.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeuroscience Letters
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Social Perception
Visual Perception
Neuroimaging
Cognition
Neurosciences
Personality
Emotions
Research

Keywords

  • Anterior temporal lobe
  • Emotion perception
  • Face processing
  • Fusiform cortex
  • Neuroimaging
  • Orbitofrontal cortex
  • Social perception
  • Stereotypes
  • Top-down effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Neuroimaging of person perception : A social-visual interface. / Brooks, Jeffrey A.; Freeman, Jonathan.

In: Neuroscience Letters, 01.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e292e6f321fc41e78e9b57e4bc0b6883,
title = "Neuroimaging of person perception: A social-visual interface",
abstract = "The visual system is able to extract an enormous amount of socially relevant information from the face, including social categories, personality traits, and emotion. While facial features may be directly tied to certain perceptions, emerging research suggests that top-down social cognitive factors (e.g., stereotypes, social-conceptual knowledge, prejudice) considerably influence and shape the perceptual process. The rapid integration of higher-order social cognitive processes into visual perception can give rise to systematic biases in face perception and may potentially act as a mediating factor for intergroup behavioral and evaluative biases. Drawing on neuroimaging evidence, we review the ways that top-down social cognitive factors shape visual perception of facial features. This emerging work in social and affective neuroscience builds upon work on predictive coding and perceptual priors in cognitive neuroscience and visual cognition, suggesting domain-general mechanisms that underlie a social-visual interface through which social cognition affects visual perception.",
keywords = "Anterior temporal lobe, Emotion perception, Face processing, Fusiform cortex, Neuroimaging, Orbitofrontal cortex, Social perception, Stereotypes, Top-down effects",
author = "Brooks, {Jeffrey A.} and Jonathan Freeman",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.neulet.2017.12.046",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Neuroscience Letters",
issn = "0304-3940",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neuroimaging of person perception

T2 - A social-visual interface

AU - Brooks, Jeffrey A.

AU - Freeman, Jonathan

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - The visual system is able to extract an enormous amount of socially relevant information from the face, including social categories, personality traits, and emotion. While facial features may be directly tied to certain perceptions, emerging research suggests that top-down social cognitive factors (e.g., stereotypes, social-conceptual knowledge, prejudice) considerably influence and shape the perceptual process. The rapid integration of higher-order social cognitive processes into visual perception can give rise to systematic biases in face perception and may potentially act as a mediating factor for intergroup behavioral and evaluative biases. Drawing on neuroimaging evidence, we review the ways that top-down social cognitive factors shape visual perception of facial features. This emerging work in social and affective neuroscience builds upon work on predictive coding and perceptual priors in cognitive neuroscience and visual cognition, suggesting domain-general mechanisms that underlie a social-visual interface through which social cognition affects visual perception.

AB - The visual system is able to extract an enormous amount of socially relevant information from the face, including social categories, personality traits, and emotion. While facial features may be directly tied to certain perceptions, emerging research suggests that top-down social cognitive factors (e.g., stereotypes, social-conceptual knowledge, prejudice) considerably influence and shape the perceptual process. The rapid integration of higher-order social cognitive processes into visual perception can give rise to systematic biases in face perception and may potentially act as a mediating factor for intergroup behavioral and evaluative biases. Drawing on neuroimaging evidence, we review the ways that top-down social cognitive factors shape visual perception of facial features. This emerging work in social and affective neuroscience builds upon work on predictive coding and perceptual priors in cognitive neuroscience and visual cognition, suggesting domain-general mechanisms that underlie a social-visual interface through which social cognition affects visual perception.

KW - Anterior temporal lobe

KW - Emotion perception

KW - Face processing

KW - Fusiform cortex

KW - Neuroimaging

KW - Orbitofrontal cortex

KW - Social perception

KW - Stereotypes

KW - Top-down effects

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85039174197&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85039174197&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.neulet.2017.12.046

DO - 10.1016/j.neulet.2017.12.046

M3 - Article

JO - Neuroscience Letters

JF - Neuroscience Letters

SN - 0304-3940

ER -