Neurobiology of infant attachment: attachment despite adversity and parental programming of emotionality

Rosemarie E. Perry, Clancy Blair, Regina M. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


We review recent findings related to the neurobiology of infant attachment, emphasizing the role of parenting quality in attachment formation and emotional development. Current findings suggest that the development of brain structures important for emotional expression and regulation (amygdala, prefrontal cortex, hippocampus) is deeply associated with the quality of care received in infancy, with sensitive caregiving providing regulation vital for programming these structures, ultimately shaping the development of emotion into adulthood. Evidence indicates that without sensitive caregiving, infants fail to develop mechanisms needed for later-life emotion and emotion regulation. Research suggests that a sensitive period exists in early life for parental shaping of emotional development, although further cross-species research is needed to discern its age limits, and thus inform interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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