Neural correlates of binding lyrics and melodies for the encoding of new songs

Irene Alonso, Lila Davachi, Romain Valabrègue, Virginie Lambrecq, Sophie Dupont, Séverine Samson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Songs naturally bind lyrics and melody into a unified representation. Using a subsequent memory paradigm, we examined the neural processes associated with binding lyrics and melodies during song encoding. Participants were presented with songs in two conditions: a unified condition (melodies sung with lyrics), and a separate condition (melodies sung with the syllable "la"). In both cases, written lyrics were displayed and participants were instructed to memorize them by repeating them covertly or by generating mental images of the songs. We expected the unified condition to recruit the posterior superior temporal gyrus, known to be involved in perceptual integration of songs, as well as the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG). Conversely, we hypothesized that the separate condition would engage a larger network including the hippocampus to bind lyrics and melodies of songs, and the basal ganglia and the cerebellum to ensure the correct sequence coupling of verbal and musical information in time. Binding lyrics and melodies in the unified condition revealed activation of the left IFG, bilateral middle temporal gyrus (MTG), and left motor cortex, suggesting a strong linguistic processing for this condition. Binding in the separate compared to the unified condition revealed greater activity in the right hippocampus as well as other areas including the left caudate, left cerebellum, and right IFG. This study provides novel evidence for the role of the right hippocampus in binding lyrics and melodies in songs. Results are discussed in light of studies of binding in the visual domain and highlight the role of regions involved in timing and synchronization such as the basal ganglia and the cerebellum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-345
Number of pages13
JournalNeuroImage
Volume127
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2016

Fingerprint

Music
Prefrontal Cortex
Cerebellum
Hippocampus
Basal Ganglia
Motor Cortex
Temporal Lobe
Linguistics

Keywords

  • Basal ganglia
  • Binding
  • Hippocampus
  • IFG
  • Lyrics
  • Melodies
  • Memory
  • Songs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Neurology

Cite this

Alonso, I., Davachi, L., Valabrègue, R., Lambrecq, V., Dupont, S., & Samson, S. (2016). Neural correlates of binding lyrics and melodies for the encoding of new songs. NeuroImage, 127, 333-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.12.018

Neural correlates of binding lyrics and melodies for the encoding of new songs. / Alonso, Irene; Davachi, Lila; Valabrègue, Romain; Lambrecq, Virginie; Dupont, Sophie; Samson, Séverine.

In: NeuroImage, Vol. 127, 15.02.2016, p. 333-345.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alonso, I, Davachi, L, Valabrègue, R, Lambrecq, V, Dupont, S & Samson, S 2016, 'Neural correlates of binding lyrics and melodies for the encoding of new songs', NeuroImage, vol. 127, pp. 333-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.12.018
Alonso I, Davachi L, Valabrègue R, Lambrecq V, Dupont S, Samson S. Neural correlates of binding lyrics and melodies for the encoding of new songs. NeuroImage. 2016 Feb 15;127:333-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.12.018
Alonso, Irene ; Davachi, Lila ; Valabrègue, Romain ; Lambrecq, Virginie ; Dupont, Sophie ; Samson, Séverine. / Neural correlates of binding lyrics and melodies for the encoding of new songs. In: NeuroImage. 2016 ; Vol. 127. pp. 333-345.
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