Neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality and morbidity burden in the Eastern Mediterranean region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Neonatal, Infant, and under-5 Mortality Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Although substantial reductions in under-5 mortality have been observed during the past 35 years, progress in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has been uneven. This paper provides an overview of child mortality and morbidity in the EMR based on the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. Methods: We used GBD 2015 study results to explore under-5 mortality and morbidity in EMR countries. Results: In 2015, 755,844 (95% uncertainty interval (UI) 712,064–801,565) children under 5 died in the EMR. In the early neonatal category, deaths in the EMR decreased by 22.4%, compared to 42.4% globally. The rate of years of life lost per 100,000 population under 5 decreased 54.38% from 177,537 (173,812–181,463) in 1990 to 80,985 (76,308–85,876) in 2015; the rate of years lived with disability decreased by 0.57% in the EMR compared to 9.97% globally. Conclusions: Our findings call for accelerated action to decrease child morbidity and mortality in the EMR. Governments and organizations should coordinate efforts to address this burden. Political commitment is needed to ensure that child health receives the resources needed to end preventable deaths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-77
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume63
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

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Mediterranean Region
Morbidity
Mortality
Child Mortality
Health Resources
Global Burden of Disease
Uncertainty
Organizations

Keywords

  • Burden of disease
  • Child mortality
  • Eastern Mediterranean Region
  • Infant mortality
  • Neonatal mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality and morbidity burden in the Eastern Mediterranean region : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. / GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Neonatal, Infant, and under-5 Mortality Collaborators.

In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 63, 01.05.2018, p. 63-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Neonatal, Infant, and under-5 Mortality Collaborators. / Neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality and morbidity burden in the Eastern Mediterranean region : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. In: International Journal of Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 63. pp. 63-77.
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abstract = "Objectives: Although substantial reductions in under-5 mortality have been observed during the past 35 years, progress in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has been uneven. This paper provides an overview of child mortality and morbidity in the EMR based on the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. Methods: We used GBD 2015 study results to explore under-5 mortality and morbidity in EMR countries. Results: In 2015, 755,844 (95{\%} uncertainty interval (UI) 712,064–801,565) children under 5 died in the EMR. In the early neonatal category, deaths in the EMR decreased by 22.4{\%}, compared to 42.4{\%} globally. The rate of years of life lost per 100,000 population under 5 decreased 54.38{\%} from 177,537 (173,812–181,463) in 1990 to 80,985 (76,308–85,876) in 2015; the rate of years lived with disability decreased by 0.57{\%} in the EMR compared to 9.97{\%} globally. Conclusions: Our findings call for accelerated action to decrease child morbidity and mortality in the EMR. Governments and organizations should coordinate efforts to address this burden. Political commitment is needed to ensure that child health receives the resources needed to end preventable deaths.",
keywords = "Burden of disease, Child mortality, Eastern Mediterranean Region, Infant mortality, Neonatal mortality",
author = "{GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Neonatal, Infant, and under-5 Mortality Collaborators} and Ibrahim Khalil and Michael Collison and Charbel Elbcheraoui and Raghid Charara and Maziar Moradi-Lakeh and Ashkan Afshin and Krohn, {Kristopher J.} and Farah Daoud and Adrienne Chew and Kassebaum, {Nicholas J.} and Danny Colombara and Leslie Cornaby and Rebecca Ehrenkranz and Foreman, {Kyle J.} and Maya Fraser and Joseph Frostad and Laura Kemmer and Kulikoff, {Xie Rachel} and Michael Kutz and Kyu, {Hmwe H.} and Patrick Liu and Joseph Mikesell and Grant Nguyen and Rao, {Puja C.} and Naris Silpakit and Amber Sligar and Alison Smith and Stanaway, {Jeffrey D.} and Johan {\"A}rnl{\"o}v and Abate, {Kalkidan Hassen} and Aliasghar Ahmadkiadaliri and Khurshid Alam and Deena Alasfoor and Raghib Ali and Reza Alizadeh-Navaei and Rajaa Al-Raddadi and Altirkawi, {Khalid A.} and Nelson Alvis-Guzman and Nahla Anber and Hossein Ansari and Antonio, {Carl Abelardo T.} and Palwasha Anwari and Al Artaman and Hamid Asayesh and Asgedom, {Solomon Weldegebreal} and Peter Azzopardi and Umar Bacha and Aleksandra Barac and Barker-Collo, {Suzanne L.} and {Des Jarlais}, Don",
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T1 - Neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality and morbidity burden in the Eastern Mediterranean region

T2 - findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

AU - GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Neonatal, Infant, and under-5 Mortality Collaborators

AU - Khalil, Ibrahim

AU - Collison, Michael

AU - Elbcheraoui, Charbel

AU - Charara, Raghid

AU - Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar

AU - Afshin, Ashkan

AU - Krohn, Kristopher J.

AU - Daoud, Farah

AU - Chew, Adrienne

AU - Kassebaum, Nicholas J.

AU - Colombara, Danny

AU - Cornaby, Leslie

AU - Ehrenkranz, Rebecca

AU - Foreman, Kyle J.

AU - Fraser, Maya

AU - Frostad, Joseph

AU - Kemmer, Laura

AU - Kulikoff, Xie Rachel

AU - Kutz, Michael

AU - Kyu, Hmwe H.

AU - Liu, Patrick

AU - Mikesell, Joseph

AU - Nguyen, Grant

AU - Rao, Puja C.

AU - Silpakit, Naris

AU - Sligar, Amber

AU - Smith, Alison

AU - Stanaway, Jeffrey D.

AU - Ärnlöv, Johan

AU - Abate, Kalkidan Hassen

AU - Ahmadkiadaliri, Aliasghar

AU - Alam, Khurshid

AU - Alasfoor, Deena

AU - Ali, Raghib

AU - Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza

AU - Al-Raddadi, Rajaa

AU - Altirkawi, Khalid A.

AU - Alvis-Guzman, Nelson

AU - Anber, Nahla

AU - Ansari, Hossein

AU - Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.

AU - Anwari, Palwasha

AU - Artaman, Al

AU - Asayesh, Hamid

AU - Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal

AU - Azzopardi, Peter

AU - Bacha, Umar

AU - Barac, Aleksandra

AU - Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.

AU - Des Jarlais, Don

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Objectives: Although substantial reductions in under-5 mortality have been observed during the past 35 years, progress in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has been uneven. This paper provides an overview of child mortality and morbidity in the EMR based on the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. Methods: We used GBD 2015 study results to explore under-5 mortality and morbidity in EMR countries. Results: In 2015, 755,844 (95% uncertainty interval (UI) 712,064–801,565) children under 5 died in the EMR. In the early neonatal category, deaths in the EMR decreased by 22.4%, compared to 42.4% globally. The rate of years of life lost per 100,000 population under 5 decreased 54.38% from 177,537 (173,812–181,463) in 1990 to 80,985 (76,308–85,876) in 2015; the rate of years lived with disability decreased by 0.57% in the EMR compared to 9.97% globally. Conclusions: Our findings call for accelerated action to decrease child morbidity and mortality in the EMR. Governments and organizations should coordinate efforts to address this burden. Political commitment is needed to ensure that child health receives the resources needed to end preventable deaths.

AB - Objectives: Although substantial reductions in under-5 mortality have been observed during the past 35 years, progress in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has been uneven. This paper provides an overview of child mortality and morbidity in the EMR based on the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. Methods: We used GBD 2015 study results to explore under-5 mortality and morbidity in EMR countries. Results: In 2015, 755,844 (95% uncertainty interval (UI) 712,064–801,565) children under 5 died in the EMR. In the early neonatal category, deaths in the EMR decreased by 22.4%, compared to 42.4% globally. The rate of years of life lost per 100,000 population under 5 decreased 54.38% from 177,537 (173,812–181,463) in 1990 to 80,985 (76,308–85,876) in 2015; the rate of years lived with disability decreased by 0.57% in the EMR compared to 9.97% globally. Conclusions: Our findings call for accelerated action to decrease child morbidity and mortality in the EMR. Governments and organizations should coordinate efforts to address this burden. Political commitment is needed to ensure that child health receives the resources needed to end preventable deaths.

KW - Burden of disease

KW - Child mortality

KW - Eastern Mediterranean Region

KW - Infant mortality

KW - Neonatal mortality

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U2 - 10.1007/s00038-017-0998-x

DO - 10.1007/s00038-017-0998-x

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 63

EP - 77

JO - International Journal of Public Health

JF - International Journal of Public Health

SN - 1661-8556

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