Neighborhood perceptions and hypertension among low-income black women

a qualitative study

Maliyhah Al-Bayan, Nadia Islam, Shawneaqua Edwards, Dustin Duncan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The majority of studies examining the role of neighborhoods and hypertension-related outcomes have been quantitative in nature and very few studies have examined specific disadvantaged populations, including low-income housing residents. The objective of this study was to use qualitative interviews to explore low-income Black women's perceptions of their neighborhoods and to understand how those perceptions may affect their health, especially as it relates to blood pressure.

METHODS: Seventeen Black female participants, living in public housing communities in New York City, completed one semi-structured, audiotaped interview in July of 2014. All interviews were transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes using N'Vivo 10 software.

RESULTS: Three major themes emerged: (1) social connectedness, (2) stress factors, and (3) availability of food options. For example, factors that caused stress varied throughout the study population. Sources of stress included family members, employment, and uncleanliness within the neighborhood. Many participants attributed their stress to personal issues, such as lack of employment and relationships. In addition, the general consensus among many participants was that there should be a greater density of healthy food options in their neighborhoods. Some believed that the pricing of fresh foods in the neighborhoods should better reflect the financial status of the residents in the community.

CONCLUSIONS: Various neighborhood influences, including neighborhood disorder and lack of healthy food options, are factors that appear to increase Black women's risk of developing high blood pressure. Implications of this research include the need to develop interventions that promote good neighborhood infrastructure (e.g. healthy food stores to encourage good nutrition habits and well-lit walking paths to encourage daily exercise), in addition to interventions that increase hypertension awareness in low-income neighborhoods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1075
Number of pages1
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume16
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 12 2016

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Hypertension
Food
Interviews
Public Housing
Vulnerable Populations
Poverty
Walking
Habits
Consensus
Software
Exercise
Blood Pressure
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health
Research
Population

Keywords

  • Black women
  • Blood pressure
  • Hypertension
  • Low-income housing
  • Neighborhoods
  • Qualitative research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Neighborhood perceptions and hypertension among low-income black women : a qualitative study. / Al-Bayan, Maliyhah; Islam, Nadia; Edwards, Shawneaqua; Duncan, Dustin.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 1, 12.10.2016, p. 1075.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Bayan, Maliyhah ; Islam, Nadia ; Edwards, Shawneaqua ; Duncan, Dustin. / Neighborhood perceptions and hypertension among low-income black women : a qualitative study. In: BMC Public Health. 2016 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 1075.
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