Neighborhood determinants of mood and anxiety disorders among men who have sex with men in New York City

Magdalena Cerdá, Vijay Nandi, Victoria Frye, James E. Egan, Andrew Rundle, James W. Quinn, Daniel Sheehan, Donald R. Hoover, Danielle C. Ompad, Hong van Tieu, Emily Greene, Beryl Koblin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: We examined the relationship between economic, physical, and social characteristics of neighborhoods, where men who have sex with men (MSM) lived and socialized, and symptom scores of depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Methods: Participants came from a cross-sectional study of a population-based sample of New York City MSM recruited in 2010–2012 (n = 1126). Archival and survey-based data were obtained on neighborhoods, where the men lived and where they socialized most often. Results: MSM who socialized in neighborhoods with more economic deprivation and greater general neighborhood attachment experienced higher GAD symptoms. The relationship between general attachment to neighborhoods where MSM socialized and mental health depended on the level of gay community attachment: in neighborhoods characterized by greater gay community attachment, general neighborhood attachment was negatively associated with GAD symptoms, while in low gay community attachment neighborhoods, general neighborhood attachment had a positive association with GAD symptoms. Conclusions: This study illustrates the downsides of having deep ties to social neighborhoods when they occur in the absence of broader access to ties with the community of one’s sexual identity. Interventions that help MSM cross the spatial boundaries of their social neighborhoods and promote integration of MSM into the broader gay community may contribute to the reduction of elevated rates of depression and anxiety in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 5 2017

Fingerprint

Anxiety Disorders
Mood Disorders
mood
determinants
anxiety
community
Economics
Depression
deprivation
cross-sectional study
economics
Population
Mental Health
mental health
Anxiety
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Neighborhood environment
  • New York City

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Neighborhood determinants of mood and anxiety disorders among men who have sex with men in New York City. / Cerdá, Magdalena; Nandi, Vijay; Frye, Victoria; Egan, James E.; Rundle, Andrew; Quinn, James W.; Sheehan, Daniel; Hoover, Donald R.; Ompad, Danielle C.; van Tieu, Hong; Greene, Emily; Koblin, Beryl.

In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 05.04.2017, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cerdá, M, Nandi, V, Frye, V, Egan, JE, Rundle, A, Quinn, JW, Sheehan, D, Hoover, DR, Ompad, DC, van Tieu, H, Greene, E & Koblin, B 2017, 'Neighborhood determinants of mood and anxiety disorders among men who have sex with men in New York City', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-017-1379-8
Cerdá, Magdalena ; Nandi, Vijay ; Frye, Victoria ; Egan, James E. ; Rundle, Andrew ; Quinn, James W. ; Sheehan, Daniel ; Hoover, Donald R. ; Ompad, Danielle C. ; van Tieu, Hong ; Greene, Emily ; Koblin, Beryl. / Neighborhood determinants of mood and anxiety disorders among men who have sex with men in New York City. In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2017 ; pp. 1-12.
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AU - Quinn, James W.

AU - Sheehan, Daniel

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