Negative beliefs as a moderator of the intention-behavior relationship: Decisions to use performance-enhancing substances

Tonya Dodge, James J. Jaccard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The theory of reasoned action framework was used to examine performance-enhancing substance use among a sample of college athletes in a prospective longitudinal design. Results indicate that attitudes and subjective norms predicted intention to use the substances, and these intentions predicted actual substance use 6 weeks later. A statistically significant interaction emerged between negative beliefs and intentions predicting behavior such that as negative beliefs grew increasingly negative, the intention-behavior relationship became stronger. Practical and theoretical implications of the influence of negative information on the intention-behavior relationship are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-59
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

Fingerprint

Performance-Enhancing Substances
Athletes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

@article{e6b9bbc96c0d4f64b34640112ea04114,
title = "Negative beliefs as a moderator of the intention-behavior relationship: Decisions to use performance-enhancing substances",
abstract = "The theory of reasoned action framework was used to examine performance-enhancing substance use among a sample of college athletes in a prospective longitudinal design. Results indicate that attitudes and subjective norms predicted intention to use the substances, and these intentions predicted actual substance use 6 weeks later. A statistically significant interaction emerged between negative beliefs and intentions predicting behavior such that as negative beliefs grew increasingly negative, the intention-behavior relationship became stronger. Practical and theoretical implications of the influence of negative information on the intention-behavior relationship are discussed.",
author = "Tonya Dodge and Jaccard, {James J.}",
year = "2007",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.0021-9029.2007.00145.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "43--59",
journal = "Journal of Applied Social Psychology",
issn = "0021-9029",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Negative beliefs as a moderator of the intention-behavior relationship

T2 - Decisions to use performance-enhancing substances

AU - Dodge, Tonya

AU - Jaccard, James J.

PY - 2007/1

Y1 - 2007/1

N2 - The theory of reasoned action framework was used to examine performance-enhancing substance use among a sample of college athletes in a prospective longitudinal design. Results indicate that attitudes and subjective norms predicted intention to use the substances, and these intentions predicted actual substance use 6 weeks later. A statistically significant interaction emerged between negative beliefs and intentions predicting behavior such that as negative beliefs grew increasingly negative, the intention-behavior relationship became stronger. Practical and theoretical implications of the influence of negative information on the intention-behavior relationship are discussed.

AB - The theory of reasoned action framework was used to examine performance-enhancing substance use among a sample of college athletes in a prospective longitudinal design. Results indicate that attitudes and subjective norms predicted intention to use the substances, and these intentions predicted actual substance use 6 weeks later. A statistically significant interaction emerged between negative beliefs and intentions predicting behavior such that as negative beliefs grew increasingly negative, the intention-behavior relationship became stronger. Practical and theoretical implications of the influence of negative information on the intention-behavior relationship are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33846147027&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33846147027&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.0021-9029.2007.00145.x

DO - 10.1111/j.0021-9029.2007.00145.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33846147027

VL - 37

SP - 43

EP - 59

JO - Journal of Applied Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Social Psychology

SN - 0021-9029

IS - 1

ER -