Near-intrinsic energy resolution for 30-662 keV gamma rays in a high pressure xenon electroluminescent TPC

V. Álvarez, F. I.G.M. Borges, S. Cárcel, J. Castel, S. Cebrián, A. Cervera, C. A.N. Conde, T. Dafni, T. H.V.T. Dias, J. Díaz, M. Egorov, R. Esteve, P. Evtoukhovitch, L. M.P. Fernandes, P. Ferrario, A. L. Ferreira, E. D.C. Freitas, V. M. Gehman, A. Gil, A. GoldschmidtH. Gómez, J. J. Gómez-Cadenas, D. González-Díaz, R. M. Gutiérrez, J. Hauptman, J. A. Hernando Morata, D. C. Herrera, F. J. Iguaz, I. G. Irastorza, M. A. Jinete, L. Labarga, I. Liubarsky, J. A.M. Lopes, D. Lorca, M. Losada, G. Luzón, A. Marí, J. Martín-Albo, A. Martínez, T. Miller, A. Moiseenko, F. Monrabal, C. M.B. Monteiro, F. J. Mora, L. M. Moutinho, J. Muñoz Vidal, H. Natal Da Luz, G. Navarro, M. Nebot-Guinot, D. Nygren, C. A.B. Oliveira, R. Palma, J. Pérez, J. L. Pérez Aparicio, J. Renner, L. Ripoll, A. Rodríguez, J. Rodríguez, F. P. Santos, J. M.F. Dos Santos, L. Segui, L. Serra, D. Shuman, A. Simón, C. Sofka, M. Sorel, J. F. Toledo, A. Tomás, J. Torrent, Z. Tsamalaidze, D. Vázquez, J. F.C.A. Veloso, J. A. Villar, R. C. Webb, J. T. White, N. Yahlali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present the design, data and results from the NEXT prototype for Double Beta and Dark Matter (NEXT-DBDM) detector, a high-pressure gaseous natural xenon electroluminescent time projection chamber (TPC) that was built at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. It is a prototype of the planned NEXT-100 136Xe neutrino-less double beta decay (0νββ) experiment with the main objectives of demonstrating near-intrinsic energy resolution at energies up to 662 keV and of optimizing the NEXT-100 detector design and operating parameters. Energy resolutions of ∼1% FWHM for 662 keV gamma rays were obtained at 10 and 15 atm and ∼5% FWHM for 30 keV fluorescence xenon X-rays. These results demonstrate that 0.5% FWHM resolutions for the 2459 keV hypothetical neutrino-less double beta decay peak are realizable. This energy resolution is a factor 7-20 better than that of the current leading 0νββ experiments using liquid xenon and thus represents a significant advancement. We present also first results from a track imaging system consisting of 64 silicon photo-multipliers recently installed in NEXT-DBDM that, along with the excellent energy resolution, demonstrates the key functionalities required for the NEXT-100 0νββ search.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-114
Number of pages14
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume708
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2013

Keywords

  • Electroluminescence
  • Energy resolution
  • High-pressure
  • Neutrinoless double beta decay
  • TPC
  • Xenon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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    Álvarez, V., Borges, F. I. G. M., Cárcel, S., Castel, J., Cebrián, S., Cervera, A., Conde, C. A. N., Dafni, T., Dias, T. H. V. T., Díaz, J., Egorov, M., Esteve, R., Evtoukhovitch, P., Fernandes, L. M. P., Ferrario, P., Ferreira, A. L., Freitas, E. D. C., Gehman, V. M., Gil, A., ... Yahlali, N. (2013). Near-intrinsic energy resolution for 30-662 keV gamma rays in a high pressure xenon electroluminescent TPC. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 708, 101-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2012.12.123