Nanocrystalline NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9 Composite Strings: Fabrication, Characterization and their Electrocatalytic Performance for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Shaheen Fatima Anis, Ahmad O. Mostafa, Nidal Hilal, Raed Hashaikeh

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Abstract

In this study, novel nano crystalline composite strings made from mixed nickel-tungsten oxides (NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9) have been fabricated. The NiWO4-WO3 fibers produced by the electrospinning method were post treated in an argon atmosphere at 800 °C which yielded NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9 nanocrystals attached together forming a string-like structure. The presence of WO2.9 phase was confirmed by both the XRD and TEM diffraction pattern analysis. String morphology and structure were found to change with different post treatment conditions such as by changing the calcination temperature from 550 °C under oxygen to 800 °C under pure argon atmosphere. This material was investigated for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M KOH electrolytes. These composite strings showed good electrocatalytic activity compared to the NiWO4-WO3 fibers reported previously (Anis et al. in J. Mater. Sci. 52:7269–7281, 2017). It was concluded that the presence of WO2.9 phase increases the electrocatalytic activity of the catalyst as compared to the NiWO4-WO3 fibers with overpotentials as low as 40 and 50 mV in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M KOH, respectively.

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Hydrogen
strings
Argon
Fabrication
fabrication
composite materials
Fibers
Composite materials
hydrogen
fibers
argon
Electrospinning
Nickel
atmospheres
Calcination
Nanocrystals
Diffraction patterns
Electrolytes
tungsten oxides
Tungsten

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

@article{b0016560c15a450a99511c117029d26a,
title = "Nanocrystalline NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9 Composite Strings: Fabrication, Characterization and their Electrocatalytic Performance for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction",
abstract = "In this study, novel nano crystalline composite strings made from mixed nickel-tungsten oxides (NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9) have been fabricated. The NiWO4-WO3 fibers produced by the electrospinning method were post treated in an argon atmosphere at 800 °C which yielded NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9 nanocrystals attached together forming a string-like structure. The presence of WO2.9 phase was confirmed by both the XRD and TEM diffraction pattern analysis. String morphology and structure were found to change with different post treatment conditions such as by changing the calcination temperature from 550 °C under oxygen to 800 °C under pure argon atmosphere. This material was investigated for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M KOH electrolytes. These composite strings showed good electrocatalytic activity compared to the NiWO4-WO3 fibers reported previously (Anis et al. in J. Mater. Sci. 52:7269–7281, 2017). It was concluded that the presence of WO2.9 phase increases the electrocatalytic activity of the catalyst as compared to the NiWO4-WO3 fibers with overpotentials as low as 40 and 50 mV in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M KOH, respectively.",
author = "Anis, {Shaheen Fatima} and Mostafa, {Ahmad O.} and Nidal Hilal and Raed Hashaikeh",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11661-019-05596-0",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science",
issn = "1073-5623",

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T1 - Nanocrystalline NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9 Composite Strings

T2 - Fabrication, Characterization and their Electrocatalytic Performance for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

AU - Anis, Shaheen Fatima

AU - Mostafa, Ahmad O.

AU - Hilal, Nidal

AU - Hashaikeh, Raed

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - In this study, novel nano crystalline composite strings made from mixed nickel-tungsten oxides (NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9) have been fabricated. The NiWO4-WO3 fibers produced by the electrospinning method were post treated in an argon atmosphere at 800 °C which yielded NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9 nanocrystals attached together forming a string-like structure. The presence of WO2.9 phase was confirmed by both the XRD and TEM diffraction pattern analysis. String morphology and structure were found to change with different post treatment conditions such as by changing the calcination temperature from 550 °C under oxygen to 800 °C under pure argon atmosphere. This material was investigated for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M KOH electrolytes. These composite strings showed good electrocatalytic activity compared to the NiWO4-WO3 fibers reported previously (Anis et al. in J. Mater. Sci. 52:7269–7281, 2017). It was concluded that the presence of WO2.9 phase increases the electrocatalytic activity of the catalyst as compared to the NiWO4-WO3 fibers with overpotentials as low as 40 and 50 mV in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M KOH, respectively.

AB - In this study, novel nano crystalline composite strings made from mixed nickel-tungsten oxides (NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9) have been fabricated. The NiWO4-WO3 fibers produced by the electrospinning method were post treated in an argon atmosphere at 800 °C which yielded NiWO4-WO3-WO2.9 nanocrystals attached together forming a string-like structure. The presence of WO2.9 phase was confirmed by both the XRD and TEM diffraction pattern analysis. String morphology and structure were found to change with different post treatment conditions such as by changing the calcination temperature from 550 °C under oxygen to 800 °C under pure argon atmosphere. This material was investigated for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M KOH electrolytes. These composite strings showed good electrocatalytic activity compared to the NiWO4-WO3 fibers reported previously (Anis et al. in J. Mater. Sci. 52:7269–7281, 2017). It was concluded that the presence of WO2.9 phase increases the electrocatalytic activity of the catalyst as compared to the NiWO4-WO3 fibers with overpotentials as low as 40 and 50 mV in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.1 M KOH, respectively.

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