Naltrexone's effect on cue-elicited craving among alcoholics in treatment

Peter M. Monti, Damaris J. Rohsenow, Kent E. Hutchison, Robert M. Swift, Timothy I. Mueller, Suzanne M. Colby, Richard A. Brown, Suzy B. Gulliver, Alan Gordon, David B. Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Advancing knowledge of biobehavioral effects of interventions can result in improved treatments. Thus, a standardized laboratory cue reactivity assessment has been developed and validated to assess the cognitive and psychophysiological responses to a simulated high- risk situation: alcohol cues. The present study investigates the effects of a pharmacotherapy (naltrexone) on a laboratory-based, cue-elicited urge to drink among abstinent alcoholics in treatment. Methods: Alcohol-dependent subjects were randomized to 12 weeks of naltrexone or placebo after completing a partial hospital program. After ~1 week on medication, all received cue reactivity assessment. Results: Significantly fewer patients taking naltrexone reported any urge to drink during alcohol exposure than did those on placebo. Those with any urges reported no decrement in level of the urges. Mean arterial pressure decreased significantly for those on placebo, but not for those on naltrexone, whereas cue-elicited decreases in heart rate were not affected by the medication. Conclusions: The results have implications for models of relapse and naltrexone's effects. Cue reactivity methodology has utility for investigating hypothesized mediators of therapeutic effects of pharmacotherapies as well as behavioral treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1386-1394
Number of pages9
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume23
Issue number8
StatePublished - Sep 7 1999

Keywords

  • Alcoholics
  • Craving
  • Cue reactivity
  • Naltrexone
  • Urge to drink

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Monti, P. M., Rohsenow, D. J., Hutchison, K. E., Swift, R. M., Mueller, T. I., Colby, S. M., Brown, R. A., Gulliver, S. B., Gordon, A., & Abrams, D. B. (1999). Naltrexone's effect on cue-elicited craving among alcoholics in treatment. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 23(8), 1386-1394.