Multiple drug use and depression: Gender differences among African-Americans in a high-risk community

Min Qi Wang, Charles B. Collins, Ralph DiClemente, Gina Wingood, Connie L. Kohler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study compared gender differences associated with depression and multiple drug use (alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine) among African-Americans in a high-risk community. A street sample (N= 553) from four high-risk communities in Birmingham, Alabama, was collected through personal interviews. Interviewers asked respondents about their drug-use behavior in the past 30 days, as well as about their depressive symptoms during the past week. Two-way factorial analysis of variance and follow-up tests showed that depression scores were significantly higher for women than for men among all levels of drug use. This difference was greatest when drug use involved cocaine and/or crack.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-96
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alcohol and Drug Education
Volume43
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

Fingerprint

African Americans
drug use
gender-specific factors
Depression
Pharmaceutical Preparations
community
Crack Cocaine
Interviews
Cannabis
interview
Cocaine
analysis of variance
Analysis of Variance
alcohol
Alcohols
American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Multiple drug use and depression : Gender differences among African-Americans in a high-risk community. / Wang, Min Qi; Collins, Charles B.; DiClemente, Ralph; Wingood, Gina; Kohler, Connie L.

In: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, Vol. 43, No. 1, 01.12.1997, p. 87-96.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Min Qi ; Collins, Charles B. ; DiClemente, Ralph ; Wingood, Gina ; Kohler, Connie L. / Multiple drug use and depression : Gender differences among African-Americans in a high-risk community. In: Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education. 1997 ; Vol. 43, No. 1. pp. 87-96.
@article{000d2c90e1e044dd9a6688f4ae9dc4f2,
title = "Multiple drug use and depression: Gender differences among African-Americans in a high-risk community",
abstract = "This study compared gender differences associated with depression and multiple drug use (alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine) among African-Americans in a high-risk community. A street sample (N= 553) from four high-risk communities in Birmingham, Alabama, was collected through personal interviews. Interviewers asked respondents about their drug-use behavior in the past 30 days, as well as about their depressive symptoms during the past week. Two-way factorial analysis of variance and follow-up tests showed that depression scores were significantly higher for women than for men among all levels of drug use. This difference was greatest when drug use involved cocaine and/or crack.",
author = "Wang, {Min Qi} and Collins, {Charles B.} and Ralph DiClemente and Gina Wingood and Kohler, {Connie L.}",
year = "1997",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "43",
pages = "87--96",
journal = "Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education",
issn = "0090-1482",
publisher = "American Alcohol and Drug Information Foundation (Lansing)",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multiple drug use and depression

T2 - Gender differences among African-Americans in a high-risk community

AU - Wang, Min Qi

AU - Collins, Charles B.

AU - DiClemente, Ralph

AU - Wingood, Gina

AU - Kohler, Connie L.

PY - 1997/12/1

Y1 - 1997/12/1

N2 - This study compared gender differences associated with depression and multiple drug use (alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine) among African-Americans in a high-risk community. A street sample (N= 553) from four high-risk communities in Birmingham, Alabama, was collected through personal interviews. Interviewers asked respondents about their drug-use behavior in the past 30 days, as well as about their depressive symptoms during the past week. Two-way factorial analysis of variance and follow-up tests showed that depression scores were significantly higher for women than for men among all levels of drug use. This difference was greatest when drug use involved cocaine and/or crack.

AB - This study compared gender differences associated with depression and multiple drug use (alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine) among African-Americans in a high-risk community. A street sample (N= 553) from four high-risk communities in Birmingham, Alabama, was collected through personal interviews. Interviewers asked respondents about their drug-use behavior in the past 30 days, as well as about their depressive symptoms during the past week. Two-way factorial analysis of variance and follow-up tests showed that depression scores were significantly higher for women than for men among all levels of drug use. This difference was greatest when drug use involved cocaine and/or crack.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33846314968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33846314968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33846314968

VL - 43

SP - 87

EP - 96

JO - Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education

JF - Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education

SN - 0090-1482

IS - 1

ER -