Motivation: History of the Concept

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Originally, motivation was analyzed as a singular determinant of human thoughts, feelings, and actions. It was quickly recognized, however, that motivation operates in concert with other determinants (e.g., cognition, affect, habits). This insight has allowed the psychology of motivation to progress to a very sophisticated level to answer to the question as to which of the human needs are to be differentiated and how these needs manage to guide and energize people. It has also promoted considering the concept of goals (on top of incentives and expectations) which allowed a better understanding of action control; willpower is nowadays analyzed in terms of the effective (effortful and/or automatic) self-regulation of goal pursuit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages936-939
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015

Fingerprint

history
determinants
self-regulation
habits
cognition
psychology
incentive

Keywords

  • Attributions
  • Expectancies
  • Goal setting
  • Goal striving
  • Goals
  • Human needs
  • Implementation intentions
  • Incentives
  • Mental contrasting
  • Personal projects
  • Priming
  • Quasineeds
  • Self-efficacy beliefs
  • Self-regulation
  • Willpower

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Gollwitzer, P., & Oettingen, G. (2015). Motivation: History of the Concept. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition (pp. 936-939). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.03102-0

Motivation : History of the Concept. / Gollwitzer, Peter; Oettingen, Gabriele.

International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2015. p. 936-939.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Gollwitzer, P & Oettingen, G 2015, Motivation: History of the Concept. in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 936-939. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.03102-0
Gollwitzer P, Oettingen G. Motivation: History of the Concept. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc. 2015. p. 936-939 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.03102-0
Gollwitzer, Peter ; Oettingen, Gabriele. / Motivation : History of the Concept. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2015. pp. 936-939
@inbook{74f58625d6ec4e4eb2d3f7b08c5782ed,
title = "Motivation: History of the Concept",
abstract = "Originally, motivation was analyzed as a singular determinant of human thoughts, feelings, and actions. It was quickly recognized, however, that motivation operates in concert with other determinants (e.g., cognition, affect, habits). This insight has allowed the psychology of motivation to progress to a very sophisticated level to answer to the question as to which of the human needs are to be differentiated and how these needs manage to guide and energize people. It has also promoted considering the concept of goals (on top of incentives and expectations) which allowed a better understanding of action control; willpower is nowadays analyzed in terms of the effective (effortful and/or automatic) self-regulation of goal pursuit.",
keywords = "Attributions, Expectancies, Goal setting, Goal striving, Goals, Human needs, Implementation intentions, Incentives, Mental contrasting, Personal projects, Priming, Quasineeds, Self-efficacy beliefs, Self-regulation, Willpower",
author = "Peter Gollwitzer and Gabriele Oettingen",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.03102-0",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780080970868",
pages = "936--939",
booktitle = "International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Motivation

T2 - History of the Concept

AU - Gollwitzer, Peter

AU - Oettingen, Gabriele

PY - 2015/3/26

Y1 - 2015/3/26

N2 - Originally, motivation was analyzed as a singular determinant of human thoughts, feelings, and actions. It was quickly recognized, however, that motivation operates in concert with other determinants (e.g., cognition, affect, habits). This insight has allowed the psychology of motivation to progress to a very sophisticated level to answer to the question as to which of the human needs are to be differentiated and how these needs manage to guide and energize people. It has also promoted considering the concept of goals (on top of incentives and expectations) which allowed a better understanding of action control; willpower is nowadays analyzed in terms of the effective (effortful and/or automatic) self-regulation of goal pursuit.

AB - Originally, motivation was analyzed as a singular determinant of human thoughts, feelings, and actions. It was quickly recognized, however, that motivation operates in concert with other determinants (e.g., cognition, affect, habits). This insight has allowed the psychology of motivation to progress to a very sophisticated level to answer to the question as to which of the human needs are to be differentiated and how these needs manage to guide and energize people. It has also promoted considering the concept of goals (on top of incentives and expectations) which allowed a better understanding of action control; willpower is nowadays analyzed in terms of the effective (effortful and/or automatic) self-regulation of goal pursuit.

KW - Attributions

KW - Expectancies

KW - Goal setting

KW - Goal striving

KW - Goals

KW - Human needs

KW - Implementation intentions

KW - Incentives

KW - Mental contrasting

KW - Personal projects

KW - Priming

KW - Quasineeds

KW - Self-efficacy beliefs

KW - Self-regulation

KW - Willpower

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85043437455&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85043437455&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.03102-0

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.03102-0

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85043437455

SN - 9780080970868

SP - 936

EP - 939

BT - International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition

PB - Elsevier Inc.

ER -