Motivated social memory

Belonging needs moderate the own-group bias in face recognition

Jay Van Bavel, Jillian K. Swencionis, Rachel C. O'Connor, William A. Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The current research examines why people have superior recognition memory for own-group members compared to other-group members. In two studies, we provide evidence for one motivational mechanism underlying own-group bias-social belonging needs. In Study 1, participants assigned to a minimal group had superior memory for own-group compared to other-group faces, replicating previous research on the own-group bias. This pattern was moderated by participants' need to belong: participants who reported a higher (versus lower) need to belong showed greater own-group memory bias. In Study 2, participants who were socially excluded had superior memory for own-university compared to other-university faces than participants who were selected to work alone by a computer. Together, these studies suggest that chronic belonging needs and social exclusion motivate own-group bias (124 words).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-713
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Fingerprint

trend
Group
group membership
Research
university
Facial Recognition
exclusion
evidence
Recognition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Face perception
  • Intergroup
  • Memory
  • Motivation
  • Need to belong
  • Ostracism
  • Own-group bias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Motivated social memory : Belonging needs moderate the own-group bias in face recognition. / Van Bavel, Jay; Swencionis, Jillian K.; O'Connor, Rachel C.; Cunningham, William A.

In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 48, No. 3, 05.2012, p. 707-713.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Bavel, Jay ; Swencionis, Jillian K. ; O'Connor, Rachel C. ; Cunningham, William A. / Motivated social memory : Belonging needs moderate the own-group bias in face recognition. In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2012 ; Vol. 48, No. 3. pp. 707-713.
@article{1f0db82f335b477f89a388232407d5ec,
title = "Motivated social memory: Belonging needs moderate the own-group bias in face recognition",
abstract = "The current research examines why people have superior recognition memory for own-group members compared to other-group members. In two studies, we provide evidence for one motivational mechanism underlying own-group bias-social belonging needs. In Study 1, participants assigned to a minimal group had superior memory for own-group compared to other-group faces, replicating previous research on the own-group bias. This pattern was moderated by participants' need to belong: participants who reported a higher (versus lower) need to belong showed greater own-group memory bias. In Study 2, participants who were socially excluded had superior memory for own-university compared to other-university faces than participants who were selected to work alone by a computer. Together, these studies suggest that chronic belonging needs and social exclusion motivate own-group bias (124 words).",
keywords = "Face perception, Intergroup, Memory, Motivation, Need to belong, Ostracism, Own-group bias",
author = "{Van Bavel}, Jay and Swencionis, {Jillian K.} and O'Connor, {Rachel C.} and Cunningham, {William A.}",
year = "2012",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.jesp.2012.01.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "707--713",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-1031",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Motivated social memory

T2 - Belonging needs moderate the own-group bias in face recognition

AU - Van Bavel, Jay

AU - Swencionis, Jillian K.

AU - O'Connor, Rachel C.

AU - Cunningham, William A.

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - The current research examines why people have superior recognition memory for own-group members compared to other-group members. In two studies, we provide evidence for one motivational mechanism underlying own-group bias-social belonging needs. In Study 1, participants assigned to a minimal group had superior memory for own-group compared to other-group faces, replicating previous research on the own-group bias. This pattern was moderated by participants' need to belong: participants who reported a higher (versus lower) need to belong showed greater own-group memory bias. In Study 2, participants who were socially excluded had superior memory for own-university compared to other-university faces than participants who were selected to work alone by a computer. Together, these studies suggest that chronic belonging needs and social exclusion motivate own-group bias (124 words).

AB - The current research examines why people have superior recognition memory for own-group members compared to other-group members. In two studies, we provide evidence for one motivational mechanism underlying own-group bias-social belonging needs. In Study 1, participants assigned to a minimal group had superior memory for own-group compared to other-group faces, replicating previous research on the own-group bias. This pattern was moderated by participants' need to belong: participants who reported a higher (versus lower) need to belong showed greater own-group memory bias. In Study 2, participants who were socially excluded had superior memory for own-university compared to other-university faces than participants who were selected to work alone by a computer. Together, these studies suggest that chronic belonging needs and social exclusion motivate own-group bias (124 words).

KW - Face perception

KW - Intergroup

KW - Memory

KW - Motivation

KW - Need to belong

KW - Ostracism

KW - Own-group bias

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84858074376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84858074376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jesp.2012.01.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jesp.2012.01.006

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 707

EP - 713

JO - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

SN - 0022-1031

IS - 3

ER -