More legislation, more violence? The impact of Dodd-Frank in the DRC

Nik Stoop, Marijke Verpoorten, Peter van der Windt

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The Dodd Frank Act was passed by the US Congress in July 2010 and included a provision—Section 1502—that aimed to break the link between conflict and minerals in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. To date there is only one rigorous quantitative analysis that investigates the impact of Dodd-Frank on local conflict events. Looking at the short-term impact (2011–2012), it finds that the policy backfired. This study builds on a larger, more representative, dataset of mining sites and extends the time horizon by three years (2013–2015). The results indicate that the policy also backfired in the longer run, especially in areas home to gold mines. For territories with the average number of gold mines, the introduction of Dodd-Frank increased the incidence of battles with 44%; looting with 51% and violence against civilians with 28%, compared to pre-Dodd Frank averages. Delving deeper into the impact of the conflict minerals legislation is important, as President Trump suspended the legislation in February 2017 for a two-year period, ordering his administration to replace it with another policy.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numbere0201783
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume13
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

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    violence
    Gold mines
    Legislation
    Violence
    laws and regulations
    Minerals
    Gold
    gold
    minerals
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    quantitative analysis
    Chemical analysis
    incidence
    Incidence

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
    • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    More legislation, more violence? The impact of Dodd-Frank in the DRC. / Stoop, Nik; Verpoorten, Marijke; van der Windt, Peter.

    In: PLoS One, Vol. 13, No. 8, e0201783, 01.08.2018.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Stoop, N, Verpoorten, M & van der Windt, P 2018, 'More legislation, more violence? The impact of Dodd-Frank in the DRC', PLoS One, vol. 13, no. 8, e0201783. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0201783
    Stoop, Nik ; Verpoorten, Marijke ; van der Windt, Peter. / More legislation, more violence? The impact of Dodd-Frank in the DRC. In: PLoS One. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 8.
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