We report on molecular dynamics simulations performed at constant temperature and pressure to study ethanolamines as pure components and in aqueous solutions. A new geometric integration algorithm that preserves the correct phase space volume is employed to study molecules having up to three ethanol chains. The most stable geometry, rotational barriers, and atomic charges were obtained by ab initio calculations in the gas phase. The calculated dipole moments agree well with available experimental data. The most stable conformation, due to intramolecular hydrogen bonding interactions, has a ringlike structure in one of the ethanol chains, leading to high molecular stability. All molecular dynamics simulations were performed in the liquid phase. The interaction parameters are the same for the atoms in the ethanol chains, reducing the number of variables in the potential model. Intermolecular hydrogen bonding is also analyzed, and it is shown that water associates at low water mole fractions. The force field reproduced (within 1%) the experimental liquid densities at different temperatures of pure components and aqueous solutions at 313 K. The excess and partial molar volumes are analyzed as a function of ethanolamine concentration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry