Molecular analysis of functional and nonfunctional genes for human ferrochelatase: Isolation and characterization of a FECH pseudogene and its sublocalization on chromosome 3

D. M. Whitcombe, Donna Albertson, T. M. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A pseudogene related to the functional gene (FECH) for the heme biosynthetic enzyme ferrochelatase (ferroheme-protolyase; EC 4.99.1.1.) was isolated from a human genomic library using a ferrochelatase cDNA hybridization probe. The pseudogene shows >80% overall nucleotide sequence identity to the functional gene (including the 3' untranslated region and polyadenylation signals) but contains no intronic sequences in the region corresponding to the open reading frame of expressed ferrochelatase. Furthermore, the pseudogene sequence contains small deletions and insertions creating frameshifts and numerous termination codons, indicating that it does not encode a functional polypeptide. Northern blot analysis using pseudogene- specific probes failed to demonstrate transcripts in samples of human erythroid cell RNA in which ferrochelatase mRNA was readily detected. Southern blot experiments using restriction endonuclease-digested human genomic DNA probed either with ferrochelatase-specific cDNA fragments or pseudogene-specific genomic sequences confirmed the presence of distinct loci for the expressed and nonfunctional genes, respectively. Localization of the human ferrochelatase pseudogene to 3p22-p23 was determined by fluorescent metaphase chromosomal hybridization in situ using three genomic clones in λEMBL3 spanning a contiguous region of ~30 kb. This newly identified locus, distinct from the expressed FECH gene, on 18q22, is characteristic of a processed human pseudogene. The existence of the ferrochelatase pseudogene has practical implications for the molecular analysis of mutations responsible for erythropoietic protoporphyria in man.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)482-486
Number of pages5
JournalGenomics
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

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Ferrochelatase
Pseudogenes
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3
Genes
Complementary DNA
Erythropoietic Protoporphyria
Erythroid Cells
Polyadenylation
Genomic Library
Terminator Codon
DNA Restriction Enzymes
3' Untranslated Regions
Metaphase
Southern Blotting
Heme
Northern Blotting
Open Reading Frames
In Situ Hybridization
Clone Cells
RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Molecular analysis of functional and nonfunctional genes for human ferrochelatase: Isolation and characterization of a FECH pseudogene and its sublocalization on chromosome 3",
abstract = "A pseudogene related to the functional gene (FECH) for the heme biosynthetic enzyme ferrochelatase (ferroheme-protolyase; EC 4.99.1.1.) was isolated from a human genomic library using a ferrochelatase cDNA hybridization probe. The pseudogene shows >80{\%} overall nucleotide sequence identity to the functional gene (including the 3' untranslated region and polyadenylation signals) but contains no intronic sequences in the region corresponding to the open reading frame of expressed ferrochelatase. Furthermore, the pseudogene sequence contains small deletions and insertions creating frameshifts and numerous termination codons, indicating that it does not encode a functional polypeptide. Northern blot analysis using pseudogene- specific probes failed to demonstrate transcripts in samples of human erythroid cell RNA in which ferrochelatase mRNA was readily detected. Southern blot experiments using restriction endonuclease-digested human genomic DNA probed either with ferrochelatase-specific cDNA fragments or pseudogene-specific genomic sequences confirmed the presence of distinct loci for the expressed and nonfunctional genes, respectively. Localization of the human ferrochelatase pseudogene to 3p22-p23 was determined by fluorescent metaphase chromosomal hybridization in situ using three genomic clones in λEMBL3 spanning a contiguous region of ~30 kb. This newly identified locus, distinct from the expressed FECH gene, on 18q22, is characteristic of a processed human pseudogene. The existence of the ferrochelatase pseudogene has practical implications for the molecular analysis of mutations responsible for erythropoietic protoporphyria in man.",
author = "Whitcombe, {D. M.} and Donna Albertson and Cox, {T. M.}",
year = "1994",
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T1 - Molecular analysis of functional and nonfunctional genes for human ferrochelatase

T2 - Isolation and characterization of a FECH pseudogene and its sublocalization on chromosome 3

AU - Whitcombe, D. M.

AU - Albertson, Donna

AU - Cox, T. M.

PY - 1994

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N2 - A pseudogene related to the functional gene (FECH) for the heme biosynthetic enzyme ferrochelatase (ferroheme-protolyase; EC 4.99.1.1.) was isolated from a human genomic library using a ferrochelatase cDNA hybridization probe. The pseudogene shows >80% overall nucleotide sequence identity to the functional gene (including the 3' untranslated region and polyadenylation signals) but contains no intronic sequences in the region corresponding to the open reading frame of expressed ferrochelatase. Furthermore, the pseudogene sequence contains small deletions and insertions creating frameshifts and numerous termination codons, indicating that it does not encode a functional polypeptide. Northern blot analysis using pseudogene- specific probes failed to demonstrate transcripts in samples of human erythroid cell RNA in which ferrochelatase mRNA was readily detected. Southern blot experiments using restriction endonuclease-digested human genomic DNA probed either with ferrochelatase-specific cDNA fragments or pseudogene-specific genomic sequences confirmed the presence of distinct loci for the expressed and nonfunctional genes, respectively. Localization of the human ferrochelatase pseudogene to 3p22-p23 was determined by fluorescent metaphase chromosomal hybridization in situ using three genomic clones in λEMBL3 spanning a contiguous region of ~30 kb. This newly identified locus, distinct from the expressed FECH gene, on 18q22, is characteristic of a processed human pseudogene. The existence of the ferrochelatase pseudogene has practical implications for the molecular analysis of mutations responsible for erythropoietic protoporphyria in man.

AB - A pseudogene related to the functional gene (FECH) for the heme biosynthetic enzyme ferrochelatase (ferroheme-protolyase; EC 4.99.1.1.) was isolated from a human genomic library using a ferrochelatase cDNA hybridization probe. The pseudogene shows >80% overall nucleotide sequence identity to the functional gene (including the 3' untranslated region and polyadenylation signals) but contains no intronic sequences in the region corresponding to the open reading frame of expressed ferrochelatase. Furthermore, the pseudogene sequence contains small deletions and insertions creating frameshifts and numerous termination codons, indicating that it does not encode a functional polypeptide. Northern blot analysis using pseudogene- specific probes failed to demonstrate transcripts in samples of human erythroid cell RNA in which ferrochelatase mRNA was readily detected. Southern blot experiments using restriction endonuclease-digested human genomic DNA probed either with ferrochelatase-specific cDNA fragments or pseudogene-specific genomic sequences confirmed the presence of distinct loci for the expressed and nonfunctional genes, respectively. Localization of the human ferrochelatase pseudogene to 3p22-p23 was determined by fluorescent metaphase chromosomal hybridization in situ using three genomic clones in λEMBL3 spanning a contiguous region of ~30 kb. This newly identified locus, distinct from the expressed FECH gene, on 18q22, is characteristic of a processed human pseudogene. The existence of the ferrochelatase pseudogene has practical implications for the molecular analysis of mutations responsible for erythropoietic protoporphyria in man.

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