Modeling of powerful microwave pulse propagation in air breakdown environment

Spencer Kuo, Y. S. Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Experiments have been conducted to examine the tail erosion phenomenon by transmitting microwave pulses (1.1 μs, and hundreds of kW power level) through a large Plexiglas chamber filled with dry air at 1 to 2 torr pressure. A theoretical model based on two coupled partial differential equations was established to describe the propagation of intense microwave pulse in an air breakdown environment. One is derived from the Poynting theorem and the other is the rate equation of electron density. They are coupled through the density dependence of the plasma dielectric constant in the Poynting equation, and the field dependence of the ionization frequency in the electron rate equation. A computer simulation of the chamber experiment based on the developed model was then performed for comparison. It was shown that all the characteristic features of tail erosion observed in the experiments can be reproduced by the computer simulation. Furthermore, a transformation of the model equations to a local time frame of reference is properly designed so that these equations can be simplified for efficient numerical analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication91 IEEE Int Conf Plasma Sci
PublisherPubl by IEEE
Pages90
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)0780301471
StatePublished - 1991
Event1991 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science - Williamsburg, VA, USA
Duration: Jun 3 1991Jun 5 1991

Other

Other1991 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science
CityWilliamsburg, VA, USA
Period6/3/916/5/91

Fingerprint

Microwaves
Erosion
Air
Experiments
Computer simulation
Partial differential equations
Ionization
Carrier concentration
Numerical analysis
Permittivity
Plasmas
Electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kuo, S., & Zhang, Y. S. (1991). Modeling of powerful microwave pulse propagation in air breakdown environment. In 91 IEEE Int Conf Plasma Sci (pp. 90). Publ by IEEE.

Modeling of powerful microwave pulse propagation in air breakdown environment. / Kuo, Spencer; Zhang, Y. S.

91 IEEE Int Conf Plasma Sci. Publ by IEEE, 1991. p. 90.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kuo, S & Zhang, YS 1991, Modeling of powerful microwave pulse propagation in air breakdown environment. in 91 IEEE Int Conf Plasma Sci. Publ by IEEE, pp. 90, 1991 IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, Williamsburg, VA, USA, 6/3/91.
Kuo S, Zhang YS. Modeling of powerful microwave pulse propagation in air breakdown environment. In 91 IEEE Int Conf Plasma Sci. Publ by IEEE. 1991. p. 90
Kuo, Spencer ; Zhang, Y. S. / Modeling of powerful microwave pulse propagation in air breakdown environment. 91 IEEE Int Conf Plasma Sci. Publ by IEEE, 1991. pp. 90
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