Model for adhesion clutch explains biphasic relationship between actin flow and traction at the cell leading edge

Erin M. Craig, Jonathan Stricker, Margaret Gardel, Alex Mogilner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cell motility relies on the continuous reorganization of a dynamic actin-myosin-adhesion network at the leading edge of the cell, in order to generate protrusion at the leading edge and traction between the cell and its external environment. We analyze experimentally measured spatial distributions of actin flow, traction force, myosin density, and adhesion density in control and pharmacologically perturbed epithelial cells in order to develop a mechanical model of the actin-adhesion-myosin self-organization at the leading edge. A model in which the F-actin network is treated as a viscous gel, and adhesion clutch engagement is strengthened by myosin but weakened by actin flow, can explain the measured molecular distributions and correctly predict the spatial distributions of the actin flow and traction stress. We test the model by comparing its predictions with measurements of the actin flow and traction stress in cells with fast and slow actin polymerization rates. The model predicts how the location of the lamellipodium-lamellum boundary depends on the actin viscosity and adhesion strength. The model further predicts that the location of the lamellipodium-lamellum boundary is not very sensitive to the level of myosin contraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035002
JournalPhysical Biology
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Fingerprint

Traction
Actins
Myosins
Pseudopodia
Viscosity
Polymerization
Cell Movement
Gels
Epithelial Cells

Keywords

  • actin flow
  • cell adhesion
  • traction force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Structural Biology

Cite this

Model for adhesion clutch explains biphasic relationship between actin flow and traction at the cell leading edge. / Craig, Erin M.; Stricker, Jonathan; Gardel, Margaret; Mogilner, Alex.

In: Physical Biology, Vol. 12, No. 3, 035002, 01.05.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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