Microplasma-assisted synthesis of colloidal gold nanoparticles and their use in the detection of cardiac Troponin i (cTn-I)

Ruixue Wang, Shasha Zuo, Dong Wu, Jue Zhang, Weidong Zhu, Kurt H. Becker, Jing Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We used an atmospheric-pressure non-thermal microplasma for the synthesis of aqueous gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The microplasma-induced liquid chemistry was analyzed by monitoring the pH value and the conductivity of the liquid. Morphology and optical properties of the synthesized AuNPs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) spectroscopy. We found that the size distribution of AuNPs can be tailored by altering the process parameters (stirring mode, discharge power, and concentration of sodium citrate in the liquid). The synthesized AuNPs were used to detect cardiac troponin I (cTn-I) based on lateral flow immune-chromatography assays (LFIA). Test strips prepared by microplasma-generated AuNPs showed an increased sensitivity compared to strips prepared by AuNPs produced by conventional chemical reduction. This might be attributed to an increased negative charge density on the surfaces of the microplasma-generated AuNPs. AuNPs are synthesized via the interaction of an atmospheric pressure non-thermal argon microplasma at various process parameters (AuNPs are used to prepare test strips for the detection of cTn-I based on LFIA. Test strips prepared by microplasma-generated AuNPs showed an increased sensitivity compared to strips prepared by conventional AuNPs. This might be attributed to an increased negative charge density on the surfaces of the microplasma-generated AuNPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-391
Number of pages12
JournalPlasma Processes and Polymers
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

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Keywords

  • cardiac troponin I
  • gold nanoparticles
  • lateral flow immune-chromatography assays (LFIA)
  • microplasma
  • size control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Polymers and Plastics

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