Metacognitive knowledge and online awareness in persons with multiple sclerosis

Yael Goverover, Helen Genova, Hali Griswold, Nancy Chiaravalloti, John Deluca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent models of self-awareness draw a distinction between intellectual awareness (metacognitive knowledge of disabilities) and online awareness of errors (emergent and anticipatory awareness). OBJECTIVE: The present study compared these two types of self-awareness (metacognitive knowledge of disabilities and online awareness) in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy participants. The relationship between self-awareness and functional performance was also examined. METHODS: Participants included 18 individuals with MS and 16 healthy controls (HC) between the ages of 27 and 60. Intellectual awareness was assessed via discrepancy scores on the Functional Behavior Profile (FBP) between participants and their informants. Online Awareness was examined using self-prediction and self-assessment of performance on a functional task. RESULTS: Participants with MS had significantly lower levels of intellectual awareness relative to HCs. The MS group demonstrated worse prediction online awareness than HCs. However, assessment online awareness did not differ between groups, indicating that experience with a task can improve online awareness in persons with MS. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the necessity of adopting a multidimensional approach to assessing the multifaceted phenomenon of self-awareness in MS. In addition, it provides initial evidence to support a self-awareness treatment model for persons with MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-323
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroRehabilitation
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Multiple Sclerosis
Metacognition
Healthy Volunteers

Keywords

  • activities of daily living
  • cognition
  • error-monitoring
  • Impaired self-awareness
  • multiple sclerosis
  • quality of life
  • metacognition
  • online awareness
  • persons with MS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Metacognitive knowledge and online awareness in persons with multiple sclerosis. / Goverover, Yael; Genova, Helen; Griswold, Hali; Chiaravalloti, Nancy; Deluca, John.

In: NeuroRehabilitation, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2014, p. 315-323.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goverover, Y, Genova, H, Griswold, H, Chiaravalloti, N & Deluca, J 2014, 'Metacognitive knowledge and online awareness in persons with multiple sclerosis', NeuroRehabilitation, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 315-323. https://doi.org/10.3233/NRE-141113
Goverover, Yael ; Genova, Helen ; Griswold, Hali ; Chiaravalloti, Nancy ; Deluca, John. / Metacognitive knowledge and online awareness in persons with multiple sclerosis. In: NeuroRehabilitation. 2014 ; Vol. 35, No. 2. pp. 315-323.
@article{e91437744ccb4c088ebca13e27ee9958,
title = "Metacognitive knowledge and online awareness in persons with multiple sclerosis",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Recent models of self-awareness draw a distinction between intellectual awareness (metacognitive knowledge of disabilities) and online awareness of errors (emergent and anticipatory awareness). OBJECTIVE: The present study compared these two types of self-awareness (metacognitive knowledge of disabilities and online awareness) in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy participants. The relationship between self-awareness and functional performance was also examined. METHODS: Participants included 18 individuals with MS and 16 healthy controls (HC) between the ages of 27 and 60. Intellectual awareness was assessed via discrepancy scores on the Functional Behavior Profile (FBP) between participants and their informants. Online Awareness was examined using self-prediction and self-assessment of performance on a functional task. RESULTS: Participants with MS had significantly lower levels of intellectual awareness relative to HCs. The MS group demonstrated worse prediction online awareness than HCs. However, assessment online awareness did not differ between groups, indicating that experience with a task can improve online awareness in persons with MS. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the necessity of adopting a multidimensional approach to assessing the multifaceted phenomenon of self-awareness in MS. In addition, it provides initial evidence to support a self-awareness treatment model for persons with MS.",
keywords = "activities of daily living, cognition, error-monitoring, Impaired self-awareness, multiple sclerosis, quality of life, metacognition, online awareness, persons with MS",
author = "Yael Goverover and Helen Genova and Hali Griswold and Nancy Chiaravalloti and John Deluca",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.3233/NRE-141113",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "315--323",
journal = "NeuroRehabilitation",
issn = "1053-8135",
publisher = "IOS Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Metacognitive knowledge and online awareness in persons with multiple sclerosis

AU - Goverover, Yael

AU - Genova, Helen

AU - Griswold, Hali

AU - Chiaravalloti, Nancy

AU - Deluca, John

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - BACKGROUND: Recent models of self-awareness draw a distinction between intellectual awareness (metacognitive knowledge of disabilities) and online awareness of errors (emergent and anticipatory awareness). OBJECTIVE: The present study compared these two types of self-awareness (metacognitive knowledge of disabilities and online awareness) in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy participants. The relationship between self-awareness and functional performance was also examined. METHODS: Participants included 18 individuals with MS and 16 healthy controls (HC) between the ages of 27 and 60. Intellectual awareness was assessed via discrepancy scores on the Functional Behavior Profile (FBP) between participants and their informants. Online Awareness was examined using self-prediction and self-assessment of performance on a functional task. RESULTS: Participants with MS had significantly lower levels of intellectual awareness relative to HCs. The MS group demonstrated worse prediction online awareness than HCs. However, assessment online awareness did not differ between groups, indicating that experience with a task can improve online awareness in persons with MS. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the necessity of adopting a multidimensional approach to assessing the multifaceted phenomenon of self-awareness in MS. In addition, it provides initial evidence to support a self-awareness treatment model for persons with MS.

AB - BACKGROUND: Recent models of self-awareness draw a distinction between intellectual awareness (metacognitive knowledge of disabilities) and online awareness of errors (emergent and anticipatory awareness). OBJECTIVE: The present study compared these two types of self-awareness (metacognitive knowledge of disabilities and online awareness) in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy participants. The relationship between self-awareness and functional performance was also examined. METHODS: Participants included 18 individuals with MS and 16 healthy controls (HC) between the ages of 27 and 60. Intellectual awareness was assessed via discrepancy scores on the Functional Behavior Profile (FBP) between participants and their informants. Online Awareness was examined using self-prediction and self-assessment of performance on a functional task. RESULTS: Participants with MS had significantly lower levels of intellectual awareness relative to HCs. The MS group demonstrated worse prediction online awareness than HCs. However, assessment online awareness did not differ between groups, indicating that experience with a task can improve online awareness in persons with MS. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the necessity of adopting a multidimensional approach to assessing the multifaceted phenomenon of self-awareness in MS. In addition, it provides initial evidence to support a self-awareness treatment model for persons with MS.

KW - activities of daily living

KW - cognition

KW - error-monitoring

KW - Impaired self-awareness

KW - multiple sclerosis

KW - quality of life

KW - metacognition

KW - online awareness

KW - persons with MS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907507071&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907507071&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3233/NRE-141113

DO - 10.3233/NRE-141113

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 315

EP - 323

JO - NeuroRehabilitation

JF - NeuroRehabilitation

SN - 1053-8135

IS - 2

ER -