Mechanism of Accelerated Assembly of β-Amyloid Filaments into Fibrils by KLVFFK6

Jin Kim, Regina M. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Extracellular senile plaques are a central pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease. At the core of these plaques are fibrillar deposits of β-amyloid peptide (Aβ). In vitro, Aβ spontaneously assembles into amyloid fibrils of cross-β sheet structure. Although it was once believed that the fibrils themselves were toxic, more recent data supports the hypothesis that aggregation intermediates, rather than fully formed fibrils, are the most damaging to neuronal tissue. In previously published work, we identified several small peptides that interact with Aβ and increase its aggregation rate while decreasing its toxicity. In this work, we examined in detail the interaction between Aβ and one of these peptides. Using a mathematical model of Aβ aggregation kinetics, we show that the dominant effect of the peptide is to accelerate lateral association of Aβ filaments into fibrils.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3194-3203
Number of pages10
JournalBiophysical Journal
Volume86
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2004

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Amyloid
Amyloid Plaques
Peptides
Poisons
Alzheimer Disease
Theoretical Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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Mechanism of Accelerated Assembly of β-Amyloid Filaments into Fibrils by KLVFFK6 . / Kim, Jin; Murphy, Regina M.

In: Biophysical Journal, Vol. 86, No. 5, 05.2004, p. 3194-3203.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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