Measuring Learning Styles with Questionnaires Versus Direct Observation of Preferential Choice Behavior in Authentic Learning Situations

The Visualizer/Verbalizer Behavior Observation Scale (VV-BOS)

Detlev Leutner, Jan Plass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research on learning styles and their assessment has been the focus of growing interest due to rapid advances in educational multimedia applications. As an alternative to conventional questionnaires, the VV-BOS, a computer-based instrument for direct observation of students' preference for visual or verbal learning material in an authentic learning situation, was developed. A study with 103 second language learners was conducted to assess the reliability and validity of the scale scores provided by this instrument. The visualizer/verbalizer scale scores were highly reliable. They correlated moderately with corresponding VVQ and ELSIE questionnaire scale scores. Students' learning outcome could successfully be predicted using the VV-BOS scale, but not using the questionnaire scales. The results indicate that the direct observation of students' preferential choice behavior is a promising alternative to conventional questionnaires for the assessment of individual differences in multimedia training and instruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-557
Number of pages15
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Volume14
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

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Choice Behavior
Observation
Learning
Students
Multimedia
Verbal Learning
Reproducibility of Results
Individuality
Language
Surveys and Questionnaires
Behavior Observation Techniques
Questionnaire
Learning Styles
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

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