Measuring executive function in Indian mothers and their 4-year-old daughters

Antje Von Suchodoletz, Pauline L. Slot, Delshad M. Shroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Executive function (EF), including cognitive flexibility, attention shifting, and inhibitory control, has been linked to a range of outcomes across the lifespan, such as school readiness and academic functioning, job performance, health, and social-emotional well-being. Yet, research investigating links between parent EF and child EF is still limited. This is partly due to challenges in measuring the same EF abilities in parents and their children. The current study investigated the applicability of a computer-based battery of various EF tasks for use with both mothers and children. The battery included the following EF tasks: Dimensional Change Card Sort, Hearts and Flowers, and Fish Flanker. Participants were 80 Indian mothers and their 4-year-old daughters. EF was measured with regard to accuracy scores, response time, and inverse efficiency (IE) scores of the most complex blocks of each task. Scoring patterns indicated that children's task performance appeared to be determined by their ability to recognize the cue indicating which task to perform at any given trial and to inhibit an incorrect response. In contrast, mothers’ performance appeared to be determined by response time, that is, their ability to be quick in giving the correct response. However, for both children and mothers, IE scores best captured individual differences in EF performance between participants. Furthermore, confirmatory factor analyses found that, for both children and mothers, all EF measures loaded on a latent factor, suggesting that the measures shared common variance in EF. There appeared to be no significant association between mothers’ and children's EF scores, controlling for several background variables. Directions for further research include examining the applicability of the EF task battery to reliably describe developmental trajectories of EF abilities over time, and further examining variability in the parent–child EF association across the lifespan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-28
Number of pages13
JournalPsyCh Journal
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

Executive Function
Nuclear Family
Mothers
Aptitude
Reaction Time
Efficiency
Task Performance and Analysis
Research
Individuality
Statistical Factor Analysis
Cues

Keywords

  • computer-based EF task battery
  • executive function (EF)
  • mother–child EF association

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Measuring executive function in Indian mothers and their 4-year-old daughters. / Von Suchodoletz, Antje; Slot, Pauline L.; Shroff, Delshad M.

In: PsyCh Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1, 01.03.2017, p. 16-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Von Suchodoletz, Antje ; Slot, Pauline L. ; Shroff, Delshad M. / Measuring executive function in Indian mothers and their 4-year-old daughters. In: PsyCh Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 6, No. 1. pp. 16-28.
@article{26b6367a63264907916cfc668674e360,
title = "Measuring executive function in Indian mothers and their 4-year-old daughters",
abstract = "Executive function (EF), including cognitive flexibility, attention shifting, and inhibitory control, has been linked to a range of outcomes across the lifespan, such as school readiness and academic functioning, job performance, health, and social-emotional well-being. Yet, research investigating links between parent EF and child EF is still limited. This is partly due to challenges in measuring the same EF abilities in parents and their children. The current study investigated the applicability of a computer-based battery of various EF tasks for use with both mothers and children. The battery included the following EF tasks: Dimensional Change Card Sort, Hearts and Flowers, and Fish Flanker. Participants were 80 Indian mothers and their 4-year-old daughters. EF was measured with regard to accuracy scores, response time, and inverse efficiency (IE) scores of the most complex blocks of each task. Scoring patterns indicated that children's task performance appeared to be determined by their ability to recognize the cue indicating which task to perform at any given trial and to inhibit an incorrect response. In contrast, mothers’ performance appeared to be determined by response time, that is, their ability to be quick in giving the correct response. However, for both children and mothers, IE scores best captured individual differences in EF performance between participants. Furthermore, confirmatory factor analyses found that, for both children and mothers, all EF measures loaded on a latent factor, suggesting that the measures shared common variance in EF. There appeared to be no significant association between mothers’ and children's EF scores, controlling for several background variables. Directions for further research include examining the applicability of the EF task battery to reliably describe developmental trajectories of EF abilities over time, and further examining variability in the parent–child EF association across the lifespan.",
keywords = "computer-based EF task battery, executive function (EF), mother–child EF association",
author = "{Von Suchodoletz}, Antje and Slot, {Pauline L.} and Shroff, {Delshad M.}",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/pchj.156",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "16--28",
journal = "PsyCh Journal",
issn = "2046-0260",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measuring executive function in Indian mothers and their 4-year-old daughters

AU - Von Suchodoletz, Antje

AU - Slot, Pauline L.

AU - Shroff, Delshad M.

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - Executive function (EF), including cognitive flexibility, attention shifting, and inhibitory control, has been linked to a range of outcomes across the lifespan, such as school readiness and academic functioning, job performance, health, and social-emotional well-being. Yet, research investigating links between parent EF and child EF is still limited. This is partly due to challenges in measuring the same EF abilities in parents and their children. The current study investigated the applicability of a computer-based battery of various EF tasks for use with both mothers and children. The battery included the following EF tasks: Dimensional Change Card Sort, Hearts and Flowers, and Fish Flanker. Participants were 80 Indian mothers and their 4-year-old daughters. EF was measured with regard to accuracy scores, response time, and inverse efficiency (IE) scores of the most complex blocks of each task. Scoring patterns indicated that children's task performance appeared to be determined by their ability to recognize the cue indicating which task to perform at any given trial and to inhibit an incorrect response. In contrast, mothers’ performance appeared to be determined by response time, that is, their ability to be quick in giving the correct response. However, for both children and mothers, IE scores best captured individual differences in EF performance between participants. Furthermore, confirmatory factor analyses found that, for both children and mothers, all EF measures loaded on a latent factor, suggesting that the measures shared common variance in EF. There appeared to be no significant association between mothers’ and children's EF scores, controlling for several background variables. Directions for further research include examining the applicability of the EF task battery to reliably describe developmental trajectories of EF abilities over time, and further examining variability in the parent–child EF association across the lifespan.

AB - Executive function (EF), including cognitive flexibility, attention shifting, and inhibitory control, has been linked to a range of outcomes across the lifespan, such as school readiness and academic functioning, job performance, health, and social-emotional well-being. Yet, research investigating links between parent EF and child EF is still limited. This is partly due to challenges in measuring the same EF abilities in parents and their children. The current study investigated the applicability of a computer-based battery of various EF tasks for use with both mothers and children. The battery included the following EF tasks: Dimensional Change Card Sort, Hearts and Flowers, and Fish Flanker. Participants were 80 Indian mothers and their 4-year-old daughters. EF was measured with regard to accuracy scores, response time, and inverse efficiency (IE) scores of the most complex blocks of each task. Scoring patterns indicated that children's task performance appeared to be determined by their ability to recognize the cue indicating which task to perform at any given trial and to inhibit an incorrect response. In contrast, mothers’ performance appeared to be determined by response time, that is, their ability to be quick in giving the correct response. However, for both children and mothers, IE scores best captured individual differences in EF performance between participants. Furthermore, confirmatory factor analyses found that, for both children and mothers, all EF measures loaded on a latent factor, suggesting that the measures shared common variance in EF. There appeared to be no significant association between mothers’ and children's EF scores, controlling for several background variables. Directions for further research include examining the applicability of the EF task battery to reliably describe developmental trajectories of EF abilities over time, and further examining variability in the parent–child EF association across the lifespan.

KW - computer-based EF task battery

KW - executive function (EF)

KW - mother–child EF association

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016248942&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85016248942&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/pchj.156

DO - 10.1002/pchj.156

M3 - Article

C2 - 28371553

AN - SCOPUS:85016248942

VL - 6

SP - 16

EP - 28

JO - PsyCh Journal

JF - PsyCh Journal

SN - 2046-0260

IS - 1

ER -